520 Pages 279 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    520 Pages 279 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Written by three of the top professionals in the turfgrass field, Managing Turfgrass Pests, Second Edition brings together hundreds of solutions and best practices to help you manage turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects more effectively. Since the publication of the bestselling first edition, advances in pest-resistant turfgrass cultivars and pest control products have led to significant changes in the ways pests are managed. This revised and updated second edition reinforces those management tactics that are still relevant and covers new approaches that have been introduced since the first edition.

    The book discusses the concept of integrated pest management, incorporating cultural, biological, and chemical control measures. In particular, the authors emphasize the philosophy of minimizing pests through well-defined and well-implemented cultural systems. Rather than simply relying on a pesticide solution for control, they explain how to fine-tune cultural practices to better address the question of why the pest is present in the first place. Once these cultural practices are in place, any pesticide that is still required will be much more effective at controlling the pest.

    New in This Edition

    • Revised and updated descriptions of economically important turfgrass pests
    • Revised and updated cultural approaches to turfgrass pest management
    • Revised and updated biological methods of turfgrass pest management
    • Revised and updated chemical control of turfgrass pests
    • More than 200 new color illustrations

    Packed with photographs, this full-color book provides updated information on best practices and control measures for turfgrass pest management. It also explains how to integrate various management strategies to ensure quality and functional turf. Throughout, the authors offer practical recommendations to help you optimize the competitiveness of your turfgrass against the pests that inevitably become part of any ecosystem.

    Weeds and Their Management


    Managing Turfgrass Weeds
    Weeds as Indicators
    Natural Reasons for Voids
    Management Reasons for Voids
    Steps in Weed Control Strategy

    Managing Summer Annual Grasses
    Fall Panicum

    Managing Winter Annual Grasses
    Poa annua

    Managing Perennial Grasses and Sedges
    Creeping Bentgrass
    Tall Fescue
    Rough Bluegrass

    Managing Summer Annual Broadleaf Weeds
    Prostrate Spurge
    Florida Pusley

    Managing Winter Annual Broadleaf Weeds
    Common Chickweed
    Shepherd’s Purse
    Corn Speedwell

    Managing Biennials
    Yellow Rocket
    Wild Carrot
    Black Medic

    Managing Perennial Broadleaf Weeds
    Wild Garlic
    White Clover
    Common Plantain
    Buckhorn Plantain
    Mouse-Ear Chickweed
    Ground Ivy
    Sheep Sorrel
    Canada Thistle
    Curly Dock
    Bull Thistle
    Heal All
    Ox-Eye Daisy
    Thyme-Leaf Speedwell
    Creeping Speedwell
    Wild Violet
    English Daisy
    Dollar Weed

    Weed Management: Integrated Pest Management
    Chemical Control Recommendations
    Further Reading

    Turfgrass Diseases and Their Management


    Monitoring Disease and Establishing Thresholds

    Environmental Conditions and Use of Cultural Practices to Manage Diseases

    Biological Control of Turfgrass Diseases

    Winter and Early Spring Diseases
    Microdochium Patch (aka Pink Snow Mold or Fusarium Patch)
    Pythium Snow Blight
    Typhula Blight or Gray Snow Mold
    Yellow Patch or Cool-Temperature Brown Patch

    Diseases Initiated in Autumn or Spring That May Persist Into Summer
    Ascochyta and Leptosphaerulina Leaf Blights
    Brown Ring Patch or Waitea Patch
    Dollar Spot
    Large Patch
    Leaf Spot, Melting-Out, and Net-Blotch (Formerly Helminthosporium Diseases)
    Necrotic Ring Spot
    Powdery Mildew
    Pythium-Induced Root Dysfunction
    Rapid Blight
    Red Thread and Pink Patch
    Spring Dead Spot
    Stripe Smut and Flag Smut
    Take-All Patch
    Yellow Tuft or Downy Mildew

    Diseases Initiated During Summer That May Persist Into Autumn
    Brown Patch and Leaf and Sheath Spot
    Copper Spot
    Dead Spot
    Fairy Ring
    Gray Leaf Spot
    Leaf Spot, Melting-Out, Net-Blotch, and Red Leaf Spot
    Localized Dry Spot
    Pythium Blight
    Root Decline of Warm-Season Grasses
    Slime Mold
    Southern Blight or Sclerotium Blight
    Summer Patch
    Superficial Fairy Ring
    White Blight or Melanotus White Patch
    Yellow Ring

    Seedling Diseases or Damping-Off

    Bacterial Diseases
    Bacterial Wilt
    Bacterial Decline

    Plant Parasitic Nematodes

    Virus Diseases
    St. Augustine Decline and Centipede Mosaic

    Blue-Green Algae, Moss, and Black-Layer
    Blue-Green Algae (aka Cyanobacteria)

    Collecting and Sending Diseased Samples to a Lab
    Parasitic Nematode Assay

    Fungicides Used to Control Turfgrass Diseases
    Professional Fungicide Use Considerations
    Types of Fungicides
    Nontarget Effects of Fungicides
    Fungicide Application


    Turfgrass Insect and Mite Management

    Goal of Insect and Mite Management
    Pest Management Process
    Pest Identification

    Insects and Mites Associated with Turf: An Introduction
    Classes of Arthropods

    Pest Life Cycles
    Insect Metamorphosis
    Mite Life Cycles

    Zones of Activity (Turf, a Unique Habitat)

    Tools and Strategies for Timing of Controls

    Selecting Appropriate Controls
    Pest Management versus Pest Eradication
    Integrated Pest Management
    Monitoring in IPM
    Control Options
    Cultural Controls
    Biological Controls
    Chemical Controls
    Insecticide Groups: Chemical Categories and Modes of Action
    Using Pesticides to Manage Insects and Mites in Turf
    Insecticide/Miticide Affects on Nontarget Animals
    Equipment for Making Insecticide/Miticide Applications

    Leaf- and Stem-Infesting Insect and Mite Pests
    Bermudagrass Mite
    Clover Mite
    Banks Grass Mite
    Winter Grain Mite
    Sod Webworms (= Lawn Moths): Introduction
    Bluegrass Webworm
    Larger Sod Webworm
    Western Lawn Moth
    Tropical Sod Webworm
    Grass Webworm
    Cutworms and Armyworms: Introduction
    Black Cutworm
    Bronzed Cutworm
    Fall Armyworm
    Lawn Armyworm
    Other Turf-Infesting Caterpillars
    Striped Grassworms (=Grass Loopers)
    Fiery Skipper

    Stem- and Thatch-Infesting Insect and Mite Pests
    Chinch Bugs
    Hairy Chinch Bug (and Common Chinch Bug)
    Southern Chinch Bug
    Insecticides and Application
    Twolined Spittlebug
    Rhodesgrass Mealybug (=Rhodesgrass Scale)
    Bermudagrass Scale
    Billbugs: Introduction
    Bluegrass Billbug
    Hunting Billbug
    Annual Bluegrass Weevil (=Hyperodes Weevil)
    Cranberry Girdler
    Burrowing Sod Webworms
    European Crane Fly, Common (or Marsh) Crane Fly, or
    Frit Fly

    Soil-Inhabiting (e.g., Thatch- and Root-Infesting) Insects
    White Grubs: Introduction
    Maximizing Control of White Grubs with Insecticides
    Black Turfgrass Ataenius
    Asiatic Garden Beetle
    European Chafer
    Green June Beetle
    Japanese Beetle
    Northern Masked Chafer
    Southern Masked Chafer
    Oriental Beetle
    Sugarcane Beetle and Sugarcane Grub
    May and June Beetles, Phyllophaga
    Mole Crickets: Introduction
    Monitoring Spring Adults
    Sampling for Summer Nymphs
    Tawny Mole Cricket
    Southern Mole Cricket
    Short-Winged Mole Cricket
    Ground Pearls

    Nuisance Invertebrate, Insect, and Mite Pests
    Slugs and Snail
    Spiders and Tarantulas
    Sowbugs and Pillbugs (Isopods)
    Bigeyed Bugs
    Ground Beetles
    Rove Beetles
    March Flies (Bibionids)
    Ants: General
    Fire Ants
    Cicada Killer

    Nuisance Vertebrate Pests
    Common Grackle
    Pocket Gophers
    Skunks and Civet Cats
    Ninebanded Armadillo

    Further Reading



    Dr. Thomas L. Watschke is presently professor emeritus of turfgrass science at the Pennsylvania State University, where he was on the faculty for 35 years. Dr. Watschke has been honored nationally by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America and the American Sod Producers Association, Division C-5 (ASA, CSSA) Grau Award, and has been accorded fellow status by both the Crop Science Society of America and the American Society of Agronomy. He is recognized throughout the world for his teaching and research accomplishments in weed science, plant growth regulation, and water quality. He has made presentations in France, Australia, Spain, England, Scotland, and Canada and is active in the International Turfgrass Society.

    Dr. Peter H. Dernoeden is a professor of turfgrass science in the Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture at the University of Maryland. Dr. Dernoeden has published more than 100 scientific journal articles and several books, including Creeping Bentgrass Management, Second Edition. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Agronomy and the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA). He received the Fred V. Grau Turfgrass Science Award from the Turfgrass Science Division of CSSA. He was also the recipient of The Dean Gordon Cairns Award for Distinguished Creative Work in Agriculture from the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Maryland. In 2012, he received the Colonel John Morley Distinguished Service Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America.

    Dr. David J. Shetlar is a professor of urban landscape entomology at The Ohio State University. Dr. Shetlar has authored and coauthored numerous trade magazine articles, research journal articles, books and book chapters, and extension factsheets and bulletins. Dr. Shetlar, who goes by the professional nickname of the "BugDoc," produces the popular P.E.S.T. Newsletter in association with the Ohio Nursery and Landscape Association. He was one of the recipients of an Annual Leadership Award presented by Lawn and Landscape and Bayer in 2005. He also received the Educator & Public Service Award from the Ohio Nursery and Landscape Association in 2010.

    "Drs. Watschke, Dernoeden, and Shetlar are considered the ‘three tenors’ of turfgrass pest management; this second edition combines their unmatched expertise in the biology and management of turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects. The up-to-date information presented in this second edition translates fundamental turfgrass science research into applicable turfgrass management solutions. This second edition of Managing Turfgrass Pests should be in a reachable location on the shelf of every turfgrass and green industry practitioner."
    —Michael Fidanza, Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University

    "This text provides current information on the management of weeds, diseases, and insects. In each section, the authors introduce key concepts (e.g., understanding the conditions favorable to the pest and monitoring techniques). A brief description of each pest is included, including the life cycle. One of the strengths of the book is that the authors then provide several concise suggestions for managing the pest, encouraging the incorporation of appropriate cultural strategies that may enable the turf to withstand some pest pressure. ... [This book] should be considered a valuable addition to any turf manager's reference library."
    —Patricia Vittum, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts

    Praise for the Previous Edition

    "As an educator, I found the book to be useful because it pulls together the three major areas of turfgrass pest management into a single source. There are many individual texts available on turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects, but their combined cost makes them impractical for a survey course that covers all three areas. The book also would make a useful addition to the personal libraries of turfgrass professionals and should find a ready audience in the golf course and lawn care industries."
    HortScience, Vol. 30, No. 7, December 1995

    "This is one of the few books I have come across that incorporates in the one volume the three sections of turfgrass pests—weeds, insects and diseases."
    —D. Howard, New Zealand Turf Culture Institute