2nd Edition

Managing Water Resources and Hydrological Systems

Edited By Brian D. Fath, Sven Erik Jorgensen Copyright 2021
    758 Pages 175 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    758 Pages 175 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Bringing together a wealth of knowledge, Environmental Management Handbook, Second Edition, gives a comprehensive overview of environmental problems, their sources, their assessment, and their solutions. Through in-depth entries and a topical table of contents, readers will quickly find answers to questions about environmental problems and their corresponding management issues. This six-volume set is a reimagining of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, published in 2013, and features insights from more than 400 contributors, all experts in their field.

    The experience, evidence, methods, and models used in studying environmental management are presented here in six stand-alone volumes, arranged along the major environmental systems.


    • The first handbook that demonstrates the key processes and provisions for enhancing environmental management
    • Addresses new and cutting-edge topics on ecosystem services, resilience, sustainability, food–energy–water nexus, socio-ecological systems, and more
    • Provides an excellent basic knowledge on environmental systems, explains how these systems function, and offers strategies on how to best manage them
    • Includes the most important problems and solutions facing environmental management today

    In this fourth volume, Managing Water Resources and Hydrological Systems, the reader is introduced to the general concepts and processes of the hydrosphere with its water resources and hydrological systems. This volume serves as an excellent resource for finding basic knowledge on the hydrosphere systems and includes important problems and solutions that environmental managers face today. This book practically demonstrates the key processes, methods, and models used in studying environmental management.

    Section I: APC: Anthropogenic Chemicals and Activities

    1. Aquatic Communities: Pesticide Impacts

    [David P. Kreutzweiser and Paul K. Sibley]

    2. Coastal Water: Pollution

    [Piotr Szefer]

    3. Groundwater: Mining Pollution

    [Jeff Skousen and George Vance]

    4. Groundwater: Nitrogen Fertilizer Contamination

    [Lloyd B. Owens and Douglas L. Karlen]

    5. Groundwater: Pesticide Contamination

    [Roy F. Spalding]

    6. Lakes and Reservoirs: Pollution

    [Subhankar Karmakar and O.M. Musthafa]

    7. Mines: Acidic Drainage Water

    [Wendy B. Gagliano and Jerry M. Bigham]

    8. Rivers and Lakes: Acidification

    [Agniezka Gałuszka and Zdzistaw M. Migaszewski]

    9. Rivers: Pollution

    [Bogdan Skwarzec]

    10. Sea: Pollution

    [Bogdan Skwarzec]

    Section II: COV: Comparative Overviews of Important Topics for Environmental Management

    11. Rain Water: Harvesting

    [K.F. Andrew Lo]

    12. Water Harvesting

    [Gary W. Frasier]

    13. Groundwater: Saltwater Intrusion

    [Alexander H.-D. Cheng]

    14. Irrigation Systems: Water Conservation

    [I. Pai Wu, Javier Barragan, and Vince Bralts]

    15. Irrigation: Erosion

    [David L. Bjorneberg]

    16. Irrigation: River Flow Impact

    [Robert W. Hill and Ivan A. Walter]

    17. Irrigation: Saline Water

    [B.A. Stewart]

    18. Irrigation: Sewage Effluent Use

    [B.A. Stewart]

    19. Irrigation: Soil Salinity

    [James D. Rhoades]

    20. Managing Water Resources and Hydrological Systems

    [Honglin Zhong, Zhuoran Liang, and Cheng Li]

    21. Runoff Water

    [Zaneta Polkowska]

    22. Salt Marsh Resilience and Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise and Other Environmental Impacts

    [Daria Nikitina]

    23. The Evolution of Water Resources Management

    [Francine van den Brandeler and Joyeeta Gupta]

    24. Wastewater and Water Utilities

    [Rudolf Marloth]

    25. Wastewater: Municipal

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    26. Water Quality and Quantity: Globalization

    [Kristi Denise Caravella and Jocilyn Danise Martinez]

    27. Water: Cost

    [Atif Kubursi and Matthew Agarwala]

    28. Wetlands: Methane Emission

    [Anna Ekberg and Torben Rojle Christensen]

    Section III: CSS: Case Studies of Environmental Management

    29. Alexandria Lake Maryut: Integrated Environmental Management

    [Lindsay Beevers]

    30. Aral Sea Disaster

    [Guy Fipps]

    31. Chesapeake Bay

    [Sean M. Smith]

    32. Giant Reed (Arundo donax): Streams and Water Resources

    [Gretchen C. Coffman]

    33. Inland Seas and Lakes: Central Asia Case Study

    [Andrey G. Kostianoy]

    34. Oil Pollution: The Baltic Sea

    [Andrey G. Kostianoy]

    35. Status of Groundwater Arsenic Contamination in the GMB Plain

    Abhijit Das, Antara Das, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Bhaskar Das, Subhas Chandra Mukherjee, Shyamapada Pati, Rathindra Nath Dutta, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Khitish Chandra Saha, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, Dipankar Chakraborti, and Tarit Roychowdhury

    36. Yellow River

    [Zixi Zhu, Ynuzhang Wang, and Yifei Zhu]

    Section IV: DIA: Diagnostic Tools: Monitoring, Ecological Modeling, Ecological Indicators, and Ecological Services

    37. Groundwater: Modeling

    [Jesus Carrera]

    38. Groundwater: Numerical Method Modeling

    [Jesus Carrera]

    39. Nitrogen (Nitrate Leaching) Index

    [Jorge A. Delgado]

    40. Nitrogen (Nutrient) Trading Tool

    [Jorge A. Delgado]

    41. The Accounting Framework of Energy–Water Nexus in Socioeconomic Systems

    [Saige Wang and Bin Chen]

    42. Water Quality: Modeling

    [Richard Lowrance]

    Section V: ELE: Focuses on the Use of Legislation or Policy to Address Environmental Problems

    43. Drainage: Hydrological Impacts Downstream

    [Mark Robinson and D.W. Rycroft]

    44. Drainage: Soil Salinity Management

    [Glenn J. Hoffman]

    45. Lakes: Restoration

    [Anna Rabajczyk]

    46. Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Policy Issues

    [Dennis Wichelns]

    47. Water: Total Maximum Daily Load

    [Robin Kundis Craig]

    48. Watershed Management: Remote Sensing and GIS

    [A.V. Shanwal and S.P. Singh]

    49. Wetlands: Conservation Policy

    [Clayton Rubec]

    Section VI: ENT: Environmental Management Using Environmental Technologies

    50. Irrigation Systems: Subsurface Drip Design

    [Carl R. Camp, Jr. and Freddie L. Lamm]

    51. Recent Approaches to Robust Water Resources Management under Hydroclimatic Uncertainty

    [J. Pablo Ortiz-Partida, Mahesh L. Makey, and Alejandra Virgen-Urcelay]

    52. Rivers: Restoration

    [Anna Rabajczyk]

    53. Waste: Stabilization Ponds

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    54. Wastewater Treatment Wetlands: Use in Arctic Regions 5-Year Update

    [Colin N. Yates, Brent Wootton, and Stephen D. Murphy]

    55. Wastewater Treatment: Biological

    [Shaikh Ziauddin Ahammad, David W. Graham, and Jan Dolfing]

    56. Wastewater Treatment: Conventional Methods

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    57. Water and Wastewater: Filters

    [Sandeep Joshi]

    58. Wetlands: Constructed Subsurface

    [Jan Vymazal]

    59. Wetlands: Sedimentation and Ecological Engineering

    [Timothy C. Granata and J.F. Martin]

    60. Wetlands: Treatment System Use

    [Kyle R. Mankin]

    Section VII: NEC: Natural Elements and Chemicals Found in Nature

    61. Cyanobacteria: Eutrophic Freshwater Systems

    [Anja Gassner and Martin V. Frey]

    62. Estuaries

    [Claude Amiard-Triquet]

    63. Everglades

    [Kenneth L. Campbell, Rafael Munoz-Carpena, and Gregory Kiker]

    64. Water Quality: Range and Pasture Land

    [Thomas L. Thurow]

    65. Water: Drinking

    [Marek Biziuk and Matgorzata Michalska]

    66. Water: Surface

    [Victor de Vlaming]

    67. Wetlands

    [Ralph W. Tiner]

    Section VIII: PRO: Basic Environmental Processes

    68. Eutrophication

    [Sven Erik Jorgensen]

    69. Wastewater Use in Agriculture

    [Manzoor Qadir, Pay Drechsel, and Liqa Raschid-Sally]

    70. Wetlands: Biodiversity

    [Jean-Claude Lefeuvre and Virginie Bouchard]

    71. Wetlands: Carbon Sequestration

    [Virginie Bouchard and Matthew Cochran]


    Brian D. Fath is a Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Towson University (Maryland, USA) and a Senior Research Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Austria). He has published over 180 research papers, reports, and book chapters on environmental systems modeling, specifically in the areas of network analysis, urban metabolism, and sustainability. He has co-authored the books A New Ecology: Systems Perspective (2020), Foundations for Sustainability: A Coherent Framework of Life–Environment Relations (2019), and Flourishing within Limits to Growth: Following Nature’s Way (2015). He is also Editor-in-Chief for the journal Ecological Modelling and Co-Editor-in-Chief for Current Research in Environmental Sustainability. Dr. Fath was the 2016 recipient of the Prigogine Medal for outstanding work in systems ecology and twice a Fulbright Distinguished Chair (Parthenope University, Naples, Italy, in 2012 and Masaryk University, Czech Republic, in 2019). In addition, he has served as Secretary General of the International Society for Ecological Modelling, Co-Chair of the Ecosystem Dynamics Focus Research Group in the Community Surface Modeling Dynamics System, and member and past Chair of the Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality.

    Sven E. Jørgensen (1934–2016) was a Professor of Environmental Chemistry at Copenhagen University. He earned a doctorate of engineering in environmental technology and a doctorate of science in ecological modeling. He was an honorable doctor of science at Coimbra University (Portugal) and at Dar es Salaam (Tanzania). He was Editor-in-Chief of Ecological Modelling from the journal’s inception in 1975 until 2009. He was Editor-in-Chief for the Encyclopedia of Environmental Management (2013) and Encyclopedia of Ecology (2008). In 2004, Dr. Jorgensen was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize and the Prigogine Medal. He was awarded the Einstein Professorship by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2005. In 2007, he received the Pascal Medal and was elected a member of the European Academy of Sciences. He published over 350 papers and has edited or written over 70 books. Dr. Jorgensen gave popular and well-received lectures and courses in ecological modeling, ecosystem theory, and ecological engineering worldwide.