Much has been written about the challenges Asian governments face in response to rapid socio-economic changes and the resulting social needs and welfare expectations. Indeed, heated debates have emerged when scholars in social development, social welfare and social policy conducted more systematic comparative research related to the diverse policy measures adopted by Asian governments: Which welfare models or typologies best describe Asian cases after the 2008 global financial crisis? How can contemporary social policy transformations in Asia be appropriately conceptualized? Are particular ‘best practice’ examples evolving in Asia and if so, can they be successfully transferred to enhance social welfare governance among Asian economies? This book combines contributions that address Asian government responses in light of the above questions. In doing so, it revisits the broad theoretical literature on 'policy transfer' and provides empirical examples to explore the spread of ideas, social policies and programmes across Asia from varying analytical and methodological perspectives.
The chapters originally published as a special issue in the Journal of Asian Public Policy.
Introduction: Managing welfare expectations and social change: policy transfer in Asia
Ka Ho Mok and Stefan Kühner
1. Politics, power and policy transfer
2. Social policy diffusion in South Asia
Joachim Betz and Daniel Neff
3. India’s emerging social policy paradigm: productive, protective or what?
Stefan Kühner and Keerty Nakray
4. Pension reform in Germany since the 1990s: new developments and theoretical implications
5. Social decentralization: exploring the competitive solidarity of regional social protection in China
6. East Asian welfare regime: obsolete ideal-type or diversified reality
7. East Asia in transition: re-examining the East Asian welfare model using fuzzy sets