Managing for Healthy Ecosystems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Managing for Healthy Ecosystems

1st Edition

Edited by David J. Rapport, Bill L. Lasley, Dennis E. Rolston, N. Ole Nielsen, Calvin O. Qualset, Ardeshir B. Damania

CRC Press

1,552 pages | 338 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2002-10-29
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Description

One of the critical issues of our time is the dwindling capacity of the planet to provide life support for a large and growing human population. Based on a symposium on ecosystem health, Managing for Healthy Ecosystems identifies key issues that must be resolved if there is to be progress in this complex area, such as:

  • Evolving methods for regional ecosystem health assessment employing complex adaptive systems coupled with adaptive technologies to permit accurate determination of changes in regional and global environments

  • Issues and methods for assessing, monitoring, and managing diversity and its impact on human health in the context of climate change, agroecosystems, restoration of forests, politics, culture, and tradition.

    Leading thinkers in the field provide a coherent synthesis and a benchmark for the practice of this emerging field worldwide. The more than 100 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into three major parts. The first, "Emerging Concepts," explores the diverse meanings of ecosystem health within ecological, socio-economic, and human health perspectives, and the linkages to related concepts such as ecological integrity, sustainable development, and ecological footprints. The second part, "Issues and Methods," introduces methods for assessing and monitoring ecosystem health, including strategies for gaining political and stakeholder input and support for science-based ecosystem management. The final part, "Case Studies," reports experiences of interdisciplinary teams grappling with specific issues in a variety of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

  • Table of Contents

    PART I: EMERGING CONCEPTS

    Preface

    SETTING THE STAGE

    Overview: Regaining healthy ecoystems: The supreme challenge of our age, David J. Rapport

    The politics of the environment, Ola Ullsten

    Environmental health research challenges, Kenneth Olden

    Towards eco-responsibility: The need for new education, new technologies, new teams, and new economics, William S. Fyfe

    PERSPECTIVES ON ECOSYSTEM HEALTH

    Overview: Perspectives on ecosystem health, David J. Rapport

    The ethics of ecological integrity and ecosystem health: The interface, Laura Westra

    Ecological integrity and material growth: Irreconcilable conflict? William E. Rees

    Population health issues in the management of air quality, Richard T.Burnett, Barry Jessiman, David Stieb, and Daniel Krewski

    Global environmental changes and health: Approaches to assessing risks, A.J. McMichael and R.S. Kovats

    Integrated research on health effects of global climate change, J.A. Patz

    Use of meteorological data to predict mosquito-borne encephalitis risk in California: Preliminary observations in Kern County, William K. Reisen

    Preparing for the quantum leap to sustainability: A toolkit for future-friendly cities, Mathis Wackernagel

    BUILDING POLICIES AND LINKAGES

    Overview: Building policies and linkages, Barry W. Wilson

    The CALFED ecosystem restoration program: Complexity and compromise, Rick Soehren

    Understanding the politics of ecological regulation: Appropriate use of the concept of ecosystem health

    John Freemuth

    Attitudes and their influence on nature valuation and management in relation to sustainable development, Hans A.M. de Kruijf, Ekko C. van Ierland, C. Martijn van der Heide, and Jos M. Dekker

    Humane values as a basis for ecosystem health

    John W. Grandy and Allen T. Rutberg, The role of the Water Education Foundation in creating factual awareness and facilitating consensus in western water issues, Rita Schmidt Sudman

    Addressing threats to the health of coastal and near-coastal ecosystems-The Gulf of Mexico, James D. Giattina

    SETTING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES IN MANAGING FOR HEALTHY ECOSYSTEMS

    Overview: Setting goals and objectives in managing for healthy ecosystems, Robert T. Lackey

    Adaptive restoration: A strategic approach for integrating research into restoration projects, J.B. Zedler and J. Callaway

    Appropriate use of ecosystem health and normative science in ecological policy, Robert T. Lackey

    Ecosystem health: A flawed basis for federal regulation and land use management, Allan K. Fitzsimmons

    Quality of life, recreation, and natural environments: Exploring the connection, Alan Ewert

    Natural capital differentiation, sustainability, and regional environmental policy, Cecilia Collados

    FINDING INDICATORS

    Overview: Can we develop and utilize indicators of ecological integrity to manage ecosystems successfully? Gary N. Cherr

    A conceptual framework for choosing indicators of ecological integrity: Case-study of the San Francisco Bay-Delta-River System, Karen Levy, Terry F. Young, and Rodney M. Fujita

    Establishing specifications of ecological indicators for the prediction of sustainability, Wayne G. Landis and John F. McLaughlin

    Measuring the impact of ecological disintegrity on human health: A role for epidemiology, Colin L. Soskolne

    Development of a terrestrial index of ecological integrity, a new tool for ecosystem management, James K. Andreasen, Reed Noss, and Nicholas C. Slosser

    EPA Office of Research and Development guidelines for technical evaluation of ecological indicators, William S. Fisher, Laura E. Jackson, and Janis C. Kurtz

    Toward a forest capital index, Bruce A. Wilcox, K. Shawn Smallwood, and James R. Kahn

    MONITORING, LEARNING, AND ADJUSTING

    Overview: Monitoring, learning, and adjusting, David Waltner-Toews

    Ecosystem health and economic development: Rural vision to action, Jock R. Anderson

    Linking biodiversity and agriculture-Challenges and opportunities for sustainable food security, Lori Ann Thrupp

    Evolving opportunities to integrate management of agricultural landscapes and ecosystem health: Sustainability by opportunity, J. Dumanski, S. Joffe, E. Terry, and C. Pieri

    The ecological footprint as indicator for sustainable development-Results of an international case study, D.P. van Vuuren, E.M.W. Smeets, and H.A.M. de Kruijf

    PART II: ISSUES AND METHODS

    MANAGING FOR BIODIVERSITY

    Overview: Managing for biodiversity, Jonna A.K. Mazet

    The Greater Addo National Park, South Africa: Biodiversity conservation as the basis for a healthy ecosystem and human development opportunities

    Graham I.H. Kerley, André F. Boshoff, and Michael H. Knight

    The role of an accidentally introduced fungus in degrading the health of the Stirling Range National Park Ecosystem in South Western Australia: Status and prognosis, David Newsome

    Mangrove conservation and restoration for enhanced resilience, Nguyen Hoang Tri, Phan Nguyen Hong, W. Neil Adger, and P. Mick Kelly

    A comparison of landscape change detection methods, Curtis M. Edmonds, Anne C. Neale, Daniel T. Heggem, James D. Wickham, and K. Bruce Jones

    Relationships among environmental stressors and fish community composition and health: Case study of Chesapeake, Susanna T.Y. Tong

    ASSESSING AND MONITORING BIODIVERSITY

    Overview: Assessing and monitoring biodiversity, Santiago Carrizosa

    Management and conservation of tropical forests with emphasis on rare tree species in Brazil, Flavio B. Gandara and Paulo Y. Kageyama

    The effects of roads on carnivores-A case study of mountain lions (Puma concolor) in California, Melissa M. Grigione and Mike B. Johnson

    A rapid method in ecosystem mapping and monitoring as a tool for managing Costa Rico ecosystem health, Maarten Kappelle, Marco Castro, Heiner Acevedo, Pedro Cordero, Luis Gonzalez, Edgar Mendez, and Huberth Monge

    Identification and monitoring in the context to the national biodiversity strategy in Uruguay, Victor Canton

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEM HEALTH

    Overview: Climate change and ecosystem health, Ruth A. Reck

    Climate change, birds and ecosystems-Why should we care? Jeff Price

    A checklist for historical studies of species' responses to climate change, Rafe Sagarin

    Use of long-term field datasets in forestry to model ecosystem responses to environmental change, Csaba Matyas

    The possible impacts of climate change on Pacific island state ecosystems, William C.G. Burns

    Modeling assessment of the biological and economic impact of increased UV radiation on loblolly pine in the Mid-Atlantic States, John J. Streicher and Keith Endres

    EXOTIC SPECIES: ERADICATION REVISITED

    Overview: Exotic species: Eradication revisited, James R. Carey

    Eradication: Is it ecologically, financially, environmentally, and realistically possible? Judith H. Myers

    Why not eradication?, Daniel Simberloff

    Eradication of introduced marine pests, Armand M. Kuris

    LANDSCAPE HEALTH ASSESSMENT

    Overview: Landscape health assessment, Ganapati P. Patil

    Environmental and ecological regional policy research with remote imagery and geospatial information: Issues, approaches, and examples, G.P. Patil and S. Rodriguez

    Application of landscape models to alternative futures analyses, Anne C. Neale, K. Bruce Jones, Malihas S. Nash, Rick D. Van Remontel, James D. Wickham, Kurt H. Ritters, and Robert V. O'Neill

    Echelon screening of remotely sensed change indicators, Wayne L. Myers and Francis R. Beck

    Grassland bird communities and environmental health: The role of landscape features, Douglas H.Johnson, Sharon F. Browder, and Maiken Winter

    An assessment of risks and threats to human health due to the collapse/degradation of the ecosystem, Lada Kochtcheeva and Ashbindu Singh

    Predictability of bird community-based ecological integrity using landscape measurements, Glen D. Johnson, Wayne L. Meyers, Ganapati P. Patil, Timothy J. O'Connell, and Robert P. Brooks

    Landscape biodiversity and biological health risk assessment: The Italian Map of Nature, Giovanni Zurlini, Orazio Rossi, and Vittorio Amadio

    Interior Columbia Basin forests and rangelands, 1930s to present, Paul F. Hessburg, Bradley G. Smith, R. Brion Salter, Roger D. Ottmar, and Ernesto Alvarado

    COMMUNITIES, POLITICS, CULTURE, AND TRADITION

    Overview: Communities, politics, culture, and tradition, Alexander H. Harcourt

    Gambling for sustainability-Local institutions for pasture management in Bhutan, Karma Ura

    Environmental and socio-economic indicators of Great Lakes Basin ecosystem health, Paul Bertram, Harvey Shear, Nancy Stadler-Salt, and Paul Horvatin

    Control of natural resource degradation to restore ecosystem health and to help secure peace in the Middle East, Scott Christiansen

    Biological conservation in Mexico: An overview, Exequiel Ezcurra

    Environmental impacts of mobility and urban policy options: A case study of the Brussels-Capital Region, Paul Safonov, Vincent Favrel, and Walter Hecq

    Relating indicators of ecosystem health and ecological integrity to assess risks to sustainable agriculture and native biota-A case study of Yolo County, California, Minghua Zhang, K. Shawn Smallwood, and Erin Anderson

    Nature policy assessments: Strategic surveying and assessing progress across policy levels, H.J. Verkaar, Hans A.M. de Kruijf, G.W. Lammers, and Rudo Reiling

    Land use change due to urbanization for the Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment Region, Ronald Matheny and Keith Endres

    AGRICULTURE AND HUMAN HEALTH

    Overview: Agriculture and human health, Marc B. Shenker

    Effects of agriculture on ecosystem and human health, Paul D. Gunderson, Nancy B. Young, and Dean T. Stueland

    Infectious disease hazards to agricultural workers, Dean O. Cliver

    Size distribution of PM10 soil dust emissions from harvesting crops, Robert T. Matsumura, Lowell Ashbaugh, Teresa James, Omar Carvacho, and Robert Flocchini

    Evaluating pesticide effects on ecosystems and human health: The Rotenone application at Lake Davis, Marylou Verder-Carlos and Michael O'Malley

    MINING IMPACTS

    Overview: Mining impacts, Jean Lebel

    The ecosystem approach to human health in the context of mining in the developing world, Jean Lebel and Lisa Burley

    Issues of scale in the selection and interpretation of mineral indicators, Deborah J. Shields and Slavko V. Solar

    Conceptual approaches to health and well-being in minerals development: Including illustrations from the case of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa, Camilla Maclean, Alyson Warhurst, and Philip Milner

    Mining and indigenous peoples' contributions to an intercultural and ecosystem understanding of health and well-being, Cristina Echavarria Usher

    Integrating human health into an ecosystem approach to mining, Donna Mergler

    A conceptual framework for the development of tools to track health and well-being in a mining region: Reporting from an Indian study, Maria Ligia Noronha

    Addressing gaps in ecosystem health assessment: The case of mineral resources, Joy Jacqueline Pereira and Ibrahim Komoo

    FOREST HEALTH MONITORING AND RESTORATION

    Overview: Forest health monitoring and restoration, Bruce A. Wilcox

    Restoring naturalness in secondary forest ecosystems enhances their ecological stability, Peter Brang

    The precautionary principle and ecosystem health: A case study from the Jarrah Forest of south-western Australia

    M.C. Calver

    National indicators of forest ecosystem health: A science perspective on the Canadian Initiative, Harry Hirvonen

    Forest health monitoring in the USA: A west coast perspective, Sally Campbell, Barbara Conkling, John Coulston, Peter Neitlich, National Iral Ragenovich, and William Smith

    AGROECOSYSTEMS

    Overview: Integrating agricultural production with ecosystem health, Terrell P. Salmon

    Fallow land patches an ecosystem health in California's Central Valley agroecosystem, John D. Hopkins

    Reduced-disturbance agroecosystems in California, J.P. Mitchell, W.T. Lanini, S.R. Temple, P.N. Brostrom, E.V. Herrero, E.M. Miyao, T.S.Prather, and K.J. Hembree

    Ecologically based pest management: A key pathway to achieving agroecosystem health, Miguel A. Altieri and Clara Ines Nichols

    Irrigation, agricultural drainage, nutrient loading in the Upper Klamath Basin, S.R. Kaffka, A. Dhawan, and D. Kirby

    GRAZING ANIMALS AND RANGELANDS

    Overview: Grazing animals and rangelands, Albert C. Medvitz

    Changing public perceptions of the ranch: A preliminary review of ancient and contemporary claims and processes, Sally K. Fairfax

    A ranchers eye view of grazing native grasslands in California, Richard R. Hamilton

    California grazing lands: Science policy and the rancher, Jack Hanson

    Reinventing the range: To graze or not to graze is not the question, Lynn Huntsinger

    California grazing lands: Whither they go? Albert G. Medvitz

    Protecting the biodiversity of grasslands grazed by livestock in California, Richard J. Reiner

    PART III: CASE STUDIES

    THE COLORADO RIVER DELTA ECOSYSTEM, US-MEXICO

    Overview: The Colorado River delta ecosystem: Ecological issues at the United States-Mexico border, Daniel W. Anderson

    Physical and biological linkages between the Upper and Lower Colorado Delta, Saúl Alvarez-Borrego

    Migratory bird conservation in the Colorado River delta region, Daniel W. Anderson, Eduardo Palacios, Eric Mellink, and Carlos Valdés-Cassillas

    Wildlife disease in the Colorado River delta region as an indicator for ecosystem health, T.E. Rocke and M. Friend

    Contaminants without borders: A regional assessment of the Colorado River delta ecosystem, Miguel A. Mora, Jaqueline Garcia, Maria de la Paz Carpio-Obeso, and Kirke King

    Conservation value and management issues of the wetland and riparian habitats in the Colorado River delta in Mexico, Michael Cohen, Edward P. Glenn, Jason Morrison, and Robert J. Glennon

    CANADIAN PRAIRIE ECOSYSTEM

    Overview: Sustainability of the semiarid prairie ecosystem, Canadian Prairie Ecosystem Study (PECOS), Darwin Anderson

    Historical land use and ecosystem health of the Canadian semi-arid prairie ecosystem, Lisa L. Dale-Burnett and Darwin W. Anderson

    Health and wellbeing in a changing environment: Perceptions of a rural senior Saskatchwan population, M. MacDonald and G. Remus

    Prairie Ecosystem Study (PECOS): From community to chemical elements, the essential role of questionnaires

    H.H. McDuffie, K.M. Semchuk, M. Crossley, A. Senthilselvan, A.M. Rosenberg, L. Hagel, A.J. Cessna, D.G. Irvine, and D.L. Ledingham

    Ecosystem level functional changes in breeding bird guilds in the mixed grassland since agricultural settlement, Todd A. Radenbaugh

    Evaluating agroecosystem sustainability using an integrated model, K.W. Belcher and M. Boehm

    Prediction of soil salinity risk by digital terrain in the Canadian Prairies, Igor V. Florinsky, Robert G. Eilers, and Glenn W. Lelyk

    AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS: LAKE TAHOE AND CLEAR LAKE, CALIFORNIA

    Overview: Aquatic ecosystems: Lake Tahoe and Clear Lake, California, Dennis E. Rolston

    Evaluating and managing a multiply stressed ecosystem at Clear Lake, California: A holistic ecosystem approach

    T.H. Suchanek, P.J. Richerson, D.C. Nelson, C.A. Eagles-Smith, D.W. Anderson, J.J. Cech, R. Zierenberg, G. Schlachow, J.F. Mount, S.C. McHatton, D.G. Slotton, L.B. Webber, B.J. Swisher, A.L. Born, and M. Sexton

    Trans-gill and dietary uptake of methylmercury by the Sacramento blackfish, a planktivorous freshwater fish

    Joseph J. Cech Jr., Monica Heekyoung Choi, and Ann G. Houck

    An integrated watershed approach to studying ecosystem health at Lake Tahoe, CA-NV, USA, John E. Reuter, Charles R. Goldman, Thomas A. Cahill, Steve S. Cliff, Alan C. Heyvaert, Alan D. Jassby, Susan Lindstrom, and David M. Rizzo

    AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS: FLORIDA, NEW YORK, AND MARYLAND

    Overview: Aquatic ecosystems: Florida, New York, and Maryland, Dennis E. Rolston

    A tale of two models: IMPLAN and REMI on the ecconomics of Everglades restoration, Richard Weisskoff

    Analysis of land cover and water quality in the New York Catskill-Delaware basins, M.H. Mehaffey, T.G. Wade, M.S. Nash, and C.M. Edmonds

    Using a knowledge base to assess the effects of stream stressors, Lester Yuan

    THE LANGAT BASIN OF MALAYSIA

    Overview: The Langat Basin of Malaysia, Nicholas W. Lerche

    Ecosystem health in Malaysia: A case study of the Langat Basin, M. Nordin, Joy Jacqueline Pereira, A. Fariz, Saiful Arif Abdullah, Ibrahim Komoo Shahruddin Idrus, Pauzi Abdullah, Abdul Hadi Harman Shah, Abdullah Samat, Rospidah Ghazali, W. Mohd Muhiyuddin, and Muhammad Abu Yusuf

    Manufacturing industries and ecosystem health: The case of the Langat Basin, Malaysia, A. Fariz and M. Nordin

    Diagnosing ecosystem health of the Langsat Basin in the context of geohazards, Ibrahim Komoo, J.J. Pereira, and W.M. Muhiyuddin Ibrahim

    River water quality assessment and ecosystem health: Langat River Basin, Selangor, Malaysia, Muhammad Abu Yusuf, Mohd. Nordin Hj. Hasan, and Md. Pauzi Abdullah

    Forest areas and wildlife diversity in the Langat Basin: Indicators for assessing Langat Basin ecosystem health, Saiful Arif Abdullah

    POLLUTION: MTBE

    Overview: Environmental impacts of a motor fuel additive: Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), Daniel P.Y. Chang

    MTBE in ground water of the United States-Occurrence, potential sources, and long-range transport, Michael J. Moran, John S. Zogorski, and Paul J. Squillace

    The European perspective to MTBE as an oxygenate in fuels, Eberhard Morgenroth and Erik Arvin

    Cost benefit considerations for the introduction of gasoline additives such as MTBE, Arturo Keller and Linda Fernandez

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    NAT011000
    NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
    SCI026000
    SCIENCE / Environmental Science