Recent epidemics have prompted large-scale international interventions, aimed at mitigating the spread of disease in a globalized world. During a crisis, however, global health actions – including planning and organizing, communicating about risk, and cost–benefit evaluations – aren’t usually part of a single, integrated global response. Arguing that an uncoordinated approach can be challenged by local conditions and expectations, generating a wide range of resistance and difficulties, this volume provides important insights for future outbreak management and global health governance.
Drawing on experiences with A(H1N1) and Ebola virus disease, the book is divided into three parts looking at how responses to global health crises have developed, lessons learned from particular pandemics and the ethical implications of our management of them. Individual chapters focus on, among other issues, financing, cost–benefit analysis, matrix management, risk communication and organizational strategies.
Taking a social science perspective, this valuable book outlines the current state of global health emergency responses and explores ways in which they can be improved. It is a useful read for academics and practitioners interested in global health, the sociology of health and illness, health economics and emergency management.
Table of Contents
Mathilde Bourrier, Nathalie Brender and Claudine Burton-Jeangros
PART 1: Setting the Stage
1 The Challenges of Building Pandemic Response Systems Based on Unique Cases: 2003 SARS, 2009 A(H1N1) and 2014 Ebola Epidemic
2 The Future Strikes Back: Global Public Health Crises and the Rise of Preparedness
PART 2: Lessons Learned from the A(H1N1) Pandemic and 2014 Ebola Virus Disease: a Multidisciplinary Point of View
3 Comparing the 2009 A(H1N1) Pandemic and 2014 Ebola Virus Disease: Of Viruses, Surprises in Outbreak Responses and Global Health Work
4 Epidemics and Risk Communication: Why are Lessons not Learned?
Claudine Burton- Jeangros
5 Emergency Capabilities: Deploying the WHO’s Communication in West Africa During the 2014 Ebola Epidemic
6 The Use of Matrix Structure in Epidemic Management
7 Shaping A(H1N1) Pandemic Response: Money will Follow
Nathalie Brender, David Maradan and Hélène Pasquini- Descomps
8 Financing the Crisis: Public Expenditure on the A(H1N1) Influenza Pandemic in Switzerland, Japan and the United States
Hélène Pasquini- Descomps, Nathalie Brender and David Maradan
9 The Organizational Puzzle of the Global Health System: Insights from High Reliability Organizations Theory
PART 3: Complementing Views: Double Standard in Ethics and Care
10 Scarcity in the Midst of Abundance: The Case of the Medical Evacuation of the Cuban Patient in Geneva, Switzerland
11 Reaching Out to Ebola Victims: Coercion, Persuasion or an Appeal for Self-sacrifice?
Philippe Calain and Marc Poncin
Conclusion: Global Health Revisited
Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Mathilde Bourrier and Nathalie Brender
Mathilde Bourrier is Professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Geneva, Switzerland.
Nathalie Brender is Associate Professor in the Geneva School of Business Administration, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland.
Claudine Burton-Jeangros is Professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Geneva, Switzerland.