Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change  book cover
1st Edition

Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change

ISBN 9781774634066
Published March 31, 2021 by Apple Academic Press
362 Pages 32 Color & 152 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This valuable book is a comprehensive volume on mangroves, with information accessible to both botany professionals and students. It provides an easy method of identifying mangroves and distinguishing one species from another. What is a mangrove and what are the criteria of mangroves are explained, along with descriptions of distinctions among major mangroves, mangrove associates, mangrove halophytes, and back mangals. Many photos and illustrations are provided, showing the visible features of mangroves. The volume also covers a range of other topics, including habitats and climatic conditions, morphological and reproductive features, how climate change is affecting mangroves and methods of mitigation and conservation.

This book is about mangroves, the intertidal coastal forests that struggle every moment against hungry tides because mangroves flourish at the interface zone of land and sea. Like an evergreen forest in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mangroves form definite coastal vegetation, providing protection to people living in such fragile zones against the occurrence of frequent natural calamities.

Key features:

  • Introduces important facts about mangroves: definition, early records of mangroves, categorization, and more

  • Looks at the distribution of mangroves worldwide along with features of mangrove habitats and climatic conditions

  • Describes the ecology and environmental conditions, particularly the concept of intertidal zones along estuary positions where tidal flows inundate mangroves

  • Discusses the distinct morphological attributes and reproductive phenology of major mangroves

  • Details the attributes of mangroves, covering a total of 78 species of intertidal flora, including 32 true mangroves, along with their diagnostic features, salient attributes, and illustrations for easy identification

  • Highlights the burning environmental issue of climate change and its impact on mangroves

  • Provides a variety of methods of restoration, conservation, and protection of mangroves

Table of Contents

Mangroves and Their History. Distribution and Diversity of Mangroves. 

Ecology and Succession of Mangroves. 

Adaptation and Phenology of Mangroves. 

Classification and Identification of Mangroves.  

Mangroves’ Responses to Climate Change and Management Options.  

Management and Conservation of Mangroves.

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R. N. Mandal, PhD is Principal Scientist, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA), Rahara, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. 

R. Bar, PhD, is Assistant Professor of botany at Bangabashi Morning College, University of Calcutta, India.


This field manual explains in simple terms what scientific research has revealed about the mangrove plants, their environment, and how the plants and the environment interact. It provides an up-to-date account of the mangrove plants, their detailed identification and associations, their specific habitat requirements and adaptations, their reproductive strategies, and the management requirements of these plants to ensure their sustainability and conservation in a period where climate change provides acute challenges to this group of plants. The authors bring unique expertise and the passion to convey the latest information about these fascinating plants, ... thereby helping to reduce the threats that currently confront them.” —From the Foreword by Peter Saenger, Emeritus Professor, Centre for Coastal Management, School of Environment, Science & Engineering, Southern Cross University, Australia