Manual of Forensic Odontology: 4th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Manual of Forensic Odontology

4th Edition

Edited by Edward E. Herschaft

CRC Press

438 pages | 30 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781466500563
pub: 2011-09-26
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Hardback: 9781138426795
pub: 2017-11-15
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Description

The most exhaustive book on forensic dentistry, the fourth edition of this volume covers the latest advances in the field, including regulations affecting forensic dental practice and procedures in light of the Health Insurance Portability and Accessibility Act, updated ABFO guidelines, and new digital radiographic and photographic developments. The book also discusses computer-assisted record management, multiple fatality incident preparedness, and Disaster Mortuary Operation Response Team in a post-9/11, tsunami, and Hurricane Katrina world.

Table of Contents

Editors

Contributors

Past Presidents of the American Society of Forensic Odontology

Forward

Preface

Acknowledgements

History of the American Society of Forensic Odontology

Introduction to Forensic Odontology

Starting a Career as a Forensic Dentist

Human Identification

Introduction

Personal Recognition and Personal Effects

Facial Superimposition

Facial Reconstruction

General Technique

Fingerprinting

Dental Identification

General Dental Participation

Records Availability

Providing Permanent Identification for Your Patients

Recognizing and Reporting Suspected Cases of Abuse and Neglect

Participating in DMORT or State Identification Teams

Response to Bioterrorism and Emergency Medical Care

Forensic Imaging Techniques

Photography

Radiography

Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Spectroscopy

Antemortem Considerations

Sources for Antemortem Information

Charting, Retention of Records and Data Bases

The Clinical Record

Undocumented Individuals

Post Mortem Considerations

The Oral Autopsy

Children

Partial Decomposition and Trauma

Incineration

The Burning Process

Burning and Dental Evidence

Skeletonized and Partial Remains

Comparison Considerations and Issues

Age Estimation

Purpose, Value, and Limitations of Age Estimation

Dental Age Estimation

Formation and Growth of Teeth

Eruption of Deciduous and Permanent Teeth

Progressive Changes in Developing Teeth

Histologic Changes in Teeth

Biochemical Changes in Teeth

Other Methods

Living Individuals

Deceased Individuals

Summary

Anthropology

Occupation

Medical Conditions and Treatments

Medical Conditions with Oral Hard Tissue Manifestations

Habits and Addictions

Abnormalities of Tooth Formation and Eruption

Place of Residence

Sex Determination

Ethnicity

Genetic (DNA) Comparison

Chemical Composition of DNA

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)

Methods of DNA Analysis

Responsibilities of the Odontologist

Establishing Rapport with the Laboratory

Management of the Evidence

DNA from Oral Tissues

Reporting Results

Salivary DNA Recovered From Human Bite Marks

Multiple Fatality Incident Management and Bioterrorism Issues

Introduction

Problems Associated with Identification in a Multiple Fatality Incident

National Dental Image Repository (NDIR)

Organization and Planning for Emergency Management

The National Response Plan

The National Incident Management System

Incident Command System (ICS)

Communication and Information Management

Preparedness

Joint Information System (JIS)

NIMS Integration Center (NIC)

NRP Maintenance

Formation of a Dental Identification Team

Team Administration and Maintenance Information

Notification of Team Existence and Logistical Issues

Team Organization

The Post Mortem Section

The Radiography and Photography Section

The Antemortem Section

The Comparison Section

Computer System

Compensation

DMORT and DMAT

History of DMORT

Disaster Mortuary Operational Team (DMORT)

Organizational Structure of DMORT

Composition of DMORT Strike Teams

Interaction with Local Authorities

Deployment of DMORT Personnel

Command Structure of DMORT

Technical Needs of the Dental Section

Dental Section Protocols

Assessment of DMORT Dental Response Following Hurricane Katrina

Development of Protocols for Use in Future Multiple Fatality Incidents

Planned Deployment of Personnel – Problems Encountered

Planned Procurement of Necessary Equipment and Supplies

Long Term Planning

Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT)

Bioterrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Background Information

Bioterrorism and Biological Weapons

History of Bioterrorism

Weapons Agents Used by Terrorists

Identification of Bioterrorism Threats

Detection of Bioterrorism Agent Threat

Detection of Biological Agents

Laboratory Response Network (LRN)

Historical and Practical Examples

Technology Advances in Identification Issues since September 11, 2001

Historical Perspective

Transition

Accomplishing Transition Goals

Protocols Developed and Implemented

Lessons Learned

Bite Mark Analysis

Introduction and History

Dr. Jonathan Taft and Other Significant Early Cases

State of the Science

Recognition of Bite Marks

General Considerations

Victim Examination and Evidence Collection

Non-Invasive Analysis

Two-Dimensional Evidence

Three-Dimensional Evidence

Invasive Analyses

Tissue Incision

Tissue Excision

Tissue Sampling

Histological Evaluation

Transillumination

Suspect Examination and Evidence Collection

Two-Dimensional Evidence

Photography

Buccal Swabs

Three-Dimensional Evidence

Bite Mark Impressions

Analysis and Comparison of the Evidence

Description of the Injury

Description of the Dentition

Comparison of the Dentition to the Injury

Metric Analysis

Overlay Comparison

Specialized Procedures

Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

Future Directions

Human Abuse and Neglect

Overview of Human Abuse

Information Concerning Abusers

Child Abuse/Neglect

Risk Factors

Signs and Symptoms Associated with the Various Types of Child Abuse

Physical Abuse

Sexual Abuse

Emotional Maltreatment

Neglective Abuse

Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome (MBPS)

Diagnosis of Child Abuse

Dental Implications of Child Abuse/Neglect

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Dental Implications of IPV

Elder Abuse

Dental Implications of Elder Abuse

Abuse of the Disabled

Examination and Documentation of Suspected Inflicted Trauma

Intervention

Protective Custody Issues

Resources

The PANDA Program

Conclusion

Technological Aides in Forensic Odontology

Introduction

Film Based Photography

Basic Principles

Optical Physics

Exposure

Equipment for Forensic Dentistry – Film Based

Digital Based Photography

Basic Digital Protocol

Standard Photography Views

Identification Cases

Bite Mark Cases

Advanced Photographic Techniques

The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Photography

Alternate Light Imaging (ALI/Fluorescent Photography)

ALI Protocol

Reflective (Long Wavelength) Ultraviolet Photography (UVA)

Ultraviolet Photography Protocol

Infrared Photography (IR)

Infrared Protocol

Radiology

Digital Radiology (DR)

Basic Terminology Associated with Electronic Imaging

Advantages of DR Technology

Disadvantages of DR Technology

Legal Ramifications of DR Technology

DR Technology/Radiographic Film Comparison

Application of DR in Forensic Dental Identification Cases

The Future Role of DR Technology in Dental Identification Settings

Hand Held Portable X-Ray Generators

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)

CBCT Role in Forensic Odontology

Scanning Electron Microscopy with X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS)

Introduction

SEM Imaging Concepts

Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS)

Sample Preparation for SEM

Distinguishing Tooth Structure from Bone and Other Materials

Evidence of Restorative Procedures

Analysis of Restorative Materials

Bite Mark Analysis and Evidence from Skin Using SEM

Materials & Methods

Exemplar Analyses

Interpretation of Analyses

Conclusion

X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)

Computer Software and Hardware

Historical Programs

WinID

Other Software Programs

Adobe Photoshop

MideoSystems: CASEWORKS

CASEWOR KS and Bite Mark Identification

New Output Technology

Conclusion

Dental Jurisprudence

The Admissibility of Scientific and Non-Scientific Evidence in Court

Rules of Evidence

The Odontologist’s Role as an Expert Witness

Pre-Trial Preparation

Evidence Management

The Trial

Qualifying the Expert Witness

General Comments Regarding Testimony

Direct Examination

Cross Examination

Malpractice: Professional Liability Issues

Legal Background

Standard of Care Issues

Malpractice

Plaintiff Review

Personal Injury Cases

Ethical Considerations

Professional Ethics

Attorney’s Ethics in Dealing with Experts

The Expert’s Ethical Obligations

Absolute Immunity – The Rationale

Expert Witness Immunity Relative to Dental Testimony

A Perspective

HIPAA Regulations – Applications to Forensic Odontology

Voluntary Observance of the Privacy Rule

The Privacy Rule - Key Terms

Appendices

The Scientific Method and Forensic Odontology

Representative Acceptable Courses in Forensic Odontology

ABFO Guidelines

Charts on Facial Tissue Depth for Reconstruction

Resources to Assist in Forensic Identification

Tooth Conversion Tables

Information for DMOR T Membership

Tasks Related to WIN ID Comparison Procedures

Court Rulings of 1st and 4th Amendments and the Patriots Act

Abuse and Neglect Protocols

Case Presentation of a Dog Bite Homicide

Bite Mark Cases of Note

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SOC002020
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Physical