The assessment, remediation, and redevelopment of manufactured gas plant (MGP) sites pose a significant technical and financial challenge to successor property owners, including municipalities and other public entities undertaking brownfields revitalization, and to their consulting environmental engineers. Due to the toxicity of many coal tar constituents, sites contaminated as a result of gasworks operations pose a significant threat to public health. This book will discuss the history of the manufactured gas industry in Massachusetts (the largest in the US), as well as the toxicity of gasworks waste products, technical challenges in the cleanup process, and the process for site cleanups.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Gas & Gasmaking in Massachusetts. The Historic Gas Industry in Massachusetts. Manufactured Gas in Boston. Gaswork Influences on Geology, Topography, and Made Land. Gas Manufacturing Processes Employed at Boston. Establishment of Boston's Individual Gas Companies. Important Gas Industry Considerations for Boston. Character & Regulation of Manufactured Gas Companies of Massachusetts. Character of Manufactured Gas Companies of Massachusetts. Historic Regulation of the Massachusetts Gas Industry. Considerations. Important Historical Considerations for Massachusetts Gasworks Remediation. Gaswork Byproducts, Their Original Uses, and Their Environmental Legacy. Historic Critical-to-Meaningful Site Remediation Information Sources for Massachusetts. Governmentally-Driven Remediation of Gasworks and Other Coal-Tar Site in Massachusetts. Considerations for Conduct of Gasworks & Coal-Tar Remediation in Massachusetts. Historic Patterns of Gaswork Wastes and Pollution in Massachusetts. Historic State Efforts Toward Mitigation of Gasworks Stream Pollution in Massachusetts. Present-Day Massachusetts Gasworks Environmental Hazards. Historic State Regulation of Manufactured Gas in Massachusetts. Present-Day Coal-Tar Remediation in Massachusetts. Present-Day Coal-Tar Remediation at Boston. Situational "Lessons Learned" at Boston. Litigation as a Window into Massachusetts Gas-Industry Toxics. Locating Today's Coal-Tar Sites Around Boston. Conclusions and Summary. Conclusions and Summary. Appendices. Index.
Dr. Allen Hatheway is a geological engineer operating exclusively in the field of remediation and redevelopment of former manufactured gas plants and other coal-tar sites. Educated at UCLA and the University of Arizona. He has served as adjunct faculty at the University of Southern California, and Northeastern University (Boston), was with prominent consulting engineering firms (Los Angeles, San Francisco and Boston, until 1981, when he began service as full Professor of Geological Engineering (University of Missouri) for 19 years. He has practiced for 54 years and holds American licensure as a Civil and Geological Engineer, Geologist, and Engineering Geologist. Allen has held command leadership in the Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (AEG) and the Engineering Geology Division of GSA and is a Fellow and Life Member of ASCE, a Fellow of the Geological Society (London) and is retired as Colonel of Engineers (United States Army).
Thomas B. Speight has practiced as an environmental consultant in Massachusetts and neighboring states for the past eleven years, with extensive experience in site assessment, remediation and redevelopment, including former manufacturing facilities and brownfields. Mr. Speight is a Certified Hazardous Materials Manager and also provides business, industrial, and institutional clients with consulting services for wastewater, air emissions, hazardous materials storage and waste management.
"In this book, two leading experts provide a comprehensive survey of former manufactured gas plant sites in Massachusetts. The subjects covered include a historical overview and many contemporary matters such as legacy contamination, site remediation, and legal issues. The range of subjects covered makes this an essential reference work for any professional interested in environmental engineering, urban planning, or environmental law related to former manufactured gas plants. Case studies further enrich the practical value of the book."
—Leslie Tomory, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
"This is an important book, not only for professionals involved in the investigation and cleanup of MGP sites in the Commonwealth, but for similar professionals in other states, and to people with an interest in the development of the industrial technology of 19th and 20th century America."
—Gardiner Cross, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, USA
"This book has undertaken an incredibly detailed study of the gas industry in Massachusetts. It makes a fascinating read for all those who study the subject of industrial history or contaminated land investigation. Those directly working in Massachusetts on former MGP sites will find it of immediate benefit, whilst it contains approaches which can be applied in the study of former MGP sites in other US states and abroad. The book will find its way into the library of many MGP investigators and enthusiasts worldwide"
—Russell Thomas, WSP, Bristol, United Kingdom
"The definitive discourse on the history and remediation of manufactured gas plants in Massachusetts!"
—Paul Nathanail, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom