1st Edition

Mapping Arctic Paradiplomacy Limits and Opportunities for Sub-National Actors in Arctic Governance

    240 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    240 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book analyses the possibilities and limitations that sub-national actors face when developing diplomatic activities in the Arctic region.

    Sub-national actors, such as civil society groups and sub-national governments or administrations, have been active in international relations for decades. They face specific political and economic limitations on the international scene as non-sovereign entities. This book investigates how these actors have developed their international presence in the Arctic region. It analyzes the diplomatic activities of states, provinces, regional administrations, and multilateral forums made of sub-national governments to offer comparative insights on the strategies, interests, and activities of sub-national governments. Alaska, Scotland, Quebec, Yakutsk, and Indigenous People’s organizations are among the examples covered in this book that have forged bilateral and multilateral relations to promote and defend their interests and values. Moreover, sovereign states are often using these sub-national actors to further their own interests, as exemplified in this book in how Russia and China harnessed the potential of sub-national governments to align with their Arctic policies.

    The volume will be useful to academics and graduate students of Arctic politics, international relations, comparative politics, comparative federalism, foreign policy, and global governance.


    Mathieu Landriault, Jean-François Payette, and Stéphane Roussel

    Chapter 1 – Nordicity and Québec’s Arctic Paradiplomacy

    Jean-François Payette and Stéphane Roussel

    Chapter 2 – North American Arctic Paradiplomacy: Between multilateral and bilateral inclinations

    Mathieu Landriault and Magali Vullierme

    Chapter 3 – Canada-Russia Subnational Cooperation in the Arctic

    Kristina Minkova

    Chapter 4 – Arctic Paradiplomacy of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia): The impact of federalism, nationalism, and identity

    Yury Akimov

    Chapter 5 – Small Enough to Act, Big Enough to Matter: Subnational Arctic climate change actors

    Victoria Herrmann

    Chapter 6 – Arctic cross-border cooperation: The opportunities and limits of subnational cooperation in the Barents Region

    Aileen A. Espíritu

    Chapter 7 – The Arctic Paradiplomacy of Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations

    Andrew Chater

    Chapter 8 – Indigenous Diplomats at the IMO: A case study in successful cross-scale governance for international shipping traffic in the Bering Strait

    Chanda L. Meek and Amy Lauren Lovecraft

    Chapter 9 – Between the "Arc of Prosperity" and the Arctic: Challenges and opportunities of Nordic Scotland’s paradiplomacy

    X. Hubert Rioux

    Chapter 10 – Silk on Ice or When China Plays the Paradiplomatic Card in the Arctic

    Alex Payette and Guorui Sun

    Conclusion – Limitations and Opportunities in Arctic Paradiplomacy

    Mathieu Landriault, Jean-François Payette, and Stéphane Roussel


    Mathieu Landriault teaches political science at the University of Ottawa and conflict studies at Saint Paul University.

    Jean-François Payette holds a doctorate in political science from the Université de Lyon and teaches international management at the ESG of the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM).

    Stéphane Roussel is a full professor at the École nationale d’administration publique (Montréal, Québec).