Mapping Citizen and Participatory Journalism in Newsrooms, Classrooms and Beyond assesses citizen journalism within the context ofhyperlocals, non-profits and large global news organizations, critically examining various forms of participation by citizen contributors to the news.
The essays included within the book answer questions such as: Does citizen journalism close the news participation gap between the Global North and South? How can citizen journalism enable the socially excluded to overcome marginalization? What are the obligations of professional news outlets to citizen reporters in war zones? Furthermore, some contributors critique the ways traditional journalism makes use of non-professional content, while others propose new analytical frameworks such as reciprocal journalism, connective journalism and the Appropriation/Amplification Model.
The book also investigates efforts to teach ordinary people journalism skills in Europe, the Middle East and both North and South America. Some of the programs scrutinized here instill under-represented groups with semi-professional news values. Other projects support citizen journalism infused with activism such as the photographers of the favela-based jornalismo popular or the volunteer digital humanitarians covering global crises and, in doing so, demonstrate new ways to respond to the rise of grassroots participation in the production of news.
The chapters in this book were originally published as special issues of Journalism Practice.
Introduction: Mapping citizen and participatory journalism in newsrooms, classrooms and beyond, Melissa Wall
1. How participation is practiced by in-betweeners of journalism, Laura Ahva
2. Reciprocity and the hyper-local journalist, Dave Hart, Andy Williams & Jerome Turner
3. The social reporter in action; an analysis of the practice and discourse of Andy Carvin, Elvira García de Torres & Alfred Hermida
4. Looking after Ibrahim; how journalists network, develop and safeguard relationships with citizen journalists and activists in Syria, Lisette Johnston
5. Digital humanitarians; citizen journalists on the virtual front line of natural and human-caused disasters, Wendy Norris
6. Constructing cholera; CNN iReport, the Haitian cholera epidemic and the limits of citizen journalism, Joanna M. T. Krajewski & Brian Ekdale
7. The Appropriation/Amplification Model of Citizen Journalism; an account of structural limitations and the political economy of participatory content creation, Nikki Usher
Chapter 8: Citizen journalism at the margins, Ann Luce, Daniel Jackson & Einar Thorsen
Chapter 9: "Shared Photography"; (Photo)journalism and political mobilisation in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas, Alice Baroni &Andrea Mayr
10. Helping Syrians tell their story to the world; training Syrian citizen journalists through connective journalism, Mohammad Yousuf & Maureen Taylor
11. Citizen health journalism; negotiating between political engagement and professional identity in a media training program for healthcare workers, Stuart Davis
12. From audience to reporter; recruiting and training community members at a participatory news site serving a multiethnic city, Daniela Gerson, Nien-Tsu Nancy Chen, Andrea Wenzel, Sandra Ball-Rokeach & Michael Parks
13. Training or improvisation? citizen journalists and their educational backgrounds—a comparative view, Michal Kus, Tobias Eberwein, Colin Porlezza & Sergio Splendore
The journal Journalism Studies was established at the turn of the new millennium by Bob Franklin. It was launched in the context of a burgeoning interest in the scholarly study of journalism and an expansive global community of journalism scholars and researchers. The ambition was to provide a forum for the critical discussion and study of journalism as a subject of intellectual inquiry but also an arena of professional practice. Previously, the study of journalism in the UK and much of Europe was a fairly marginal branch of the larger disciplines of media, communication and cultural studies; only a handful of Universities offered degree programmes in the subject. Journalism Studies has flourished and succeeded in providing the intended public space for discussion of research on key issues within the field, to the point where in 2007 a sister journal, Journalism Practice, was launched to enable an enhanced focus on practice-based issues, as well as foregrounding studies of journalism education, training and professional concerns. Both journals are among the leading ranked journals within the field and publish six issues annually, in electronic and print formats. From the outset, the publication of themed issues has been a commitment for both journals. Their purpose is first, to focus on highly significant or neglected areas of the field; second, to facilitate discussion and analysis of important and topical policy issues; and third, to offer readers an especially high quality and closely focused set of essays, analyses and discussions; or all three.
The Journalism Studies: Theory and Practice book series draws on a wide range of these themed issues from both journals and thereby extends the critical and public forum provided by them. The Editor of the journals works closely with guest editors to ensure that the books achieve relevance for readers and the highest standards of research rigour and academic excellence. The series makes a significant contribution to the field of journalism studies by inviting distinguished scholars, academics and journalism practitioners to discuss and debate the central concerns within the field. It also reaches a wider readership of scholars, students and practitioners across the social sciences, humanities and communication arts, encouraging them to engage critically with, but also to interrogate, the specialist scholarly studies of journalism which this series provides.