1st Edition

Marginalities and Mobilities among India’s Muslims Elusive Citizenship

Edited By Tanweer Fazal, Divya Vaid, Surinder S. Jodhka Copyright 2024
    280 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    280 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    280 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge India

    This book studies how marginality impacts the everyday lives of Indian Muslims. It challenges the prevailing myths and stereotypes through which Indian Muslims have come to be seen in the popular imagination. The volume engages with questions of citizenship, collective violence, and issues of civil and criminal jurisprudence. It explores the linkages between development, marginality, and citizenship – the three critical issues for modern democracies today. Going beyond the singular narrative of a community on a continuous slide, the chapters in this volume present diversities of the Muslim experience of exclusion and participation. It discusses themes such as violence and marginality among minorities; Indian Muslims and the ghettoized economy; employment aspirations of low-income Muslim men; intergenerational social mobility of Muslims; the nature of the middle class; and the question of Islam, development, and globalization to showcase the living conditions of Muslims in India.

    Part of the Religion and Citizenship series, this timely volume will be an essential read for scholars and researchers of political studies, sociology, political sociology, minority studies, public policy, religion, citizenship studies, diversity and inclusion studies, and social anthropology.

    List of Tables

    List of Figures

    Author Biographies


    Introduction: The Muslim Question in Contemporary India

    Tanweer Fazal, Divya Vaid and Surinder S. Jodhka


    Development Trajectories

    1 Post-Sachar Indian Muslims: Facets of Socio-Economic Decline

    Christophe Jaffrelot and Kalaiyarasan A.

    2 Islam, Development and Globalization: Transformation of a Traditionalist Muslim Group in Kerala

    M. S. Visakh and R. Santhosh

    3 Degrees of Disadvantage: Education as Social Equalizer in India’s Labour Market?

    Mohd. Sanjeer Alam


    Mobile Landscapes

    4 Social Mobility Patterns, Opportunities, and Barriers: Muslims in Contemporary India

    Divya Vaid

    5 In the Middle of the Ocean and Land: Muslims of Mangalore

    Shaunna Rodrigues

    6 The Old and the New Muslim Middle Class: Classificatory Practices and Social Mobility

    Tanweer Fazal

    7 Delayed and Depleted: In Search of the Missing Muslim Middle Class in India

    Amir Ali

    8 Aspirations of Muslim Men in Delhi: Importance of Self-Employment in Jamia Nagar

    Aashti Salman


    Quest for Citizenship: Marginality, Mobility, and Violence

    9 Swan Song: Muslim Musicians in Contemporary Banaras: Stories of Survival and Denial

    Zarin Ahmad

    10 Indian Muslims and the Ghettoised Economy: The Role of Negative Emotions on Occupational Choices in the Urban Labour Markets

    Sumeet Mhaskar

    11 From the Bigoted Julaha to the Terrorist: Stigma and Identity in Azamgarh

    Manisha Sethi

    12 Marginality among Muslims in Kerala: The Case of Marakkayar Community

    Salah Punathil



    Tanweer Fazal is Professor of Sociology at the University of Hyderabad, India.

    Divya Vaid teaches Sociology at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.

    Surinder S. Jodhka is Professor of Sociology at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.