1st Edition

Margins for Manoeuvre in Cold War Europe The Influence of Smaller Powers

Edited By Laurien Crump, Susanna Erlandsson Copyright 2020
    272 Pages
    by Routledge

    270 Pages
    by Routledge

    The Cold War is conventionally regarded as a superpower conflict that dominated the shape of international relations between World War II and the fall of the Berlin Wall. Smaller powers had to adapt to a role as pawns in a strategic game of the superpowers, its course beyond their control. This edited volume offers a fresh interpretation of twentieth-century smaller European powers – East–West, neutral and non-aligned – and argues that their position vis-à-vis the superpowers often provided them with an opportunity rather than merely representing a constraint. Analysing the margins for manoeuvre of these smaller powers, the volume covers a wide array of themes, ranging from cultural to economic issues, energy to diplomacy and Bulgaria to Belgium. Given its holistic and nuanced intervention in studies of the Cold War, this book will be instrumental for students of history, international relations and political science.

    Introduction: Smaller Powers in Cold War Europe

    Laurien Crump and Susanna Erlandsson

    Part I: Manoeuvring through Multilateralism

    1. Challenging the Superpower Straightjacket (1965–1975): Multilateralism as an Instrument of Smaller Powers

    Laurien Crump and Angela Romano

    2. Multilateralism as Small Power Strategy (1950–1952): The Netherlands, the Benelux and the European Defence Community

    Trineke Palm

    3. Small States, Alliances and the Margins for Manoeuvre in the Cold War: Sweden, Norway and the CSCE

    Aryo Makko

    4. A Critical Ally (1949–1977): The Dutch Social Democrats, Spain and NATO

    Stefanie F. M. Massink

    Part II: The Margins of Superpower Rule

    5. Manoeuvring into the Soviet Market: Polish and Finnish Eastern Trade Practices during the Cold War

    Suvi Kansikas, Mila Oiva and Saara Matala

    6. The Imperative of Opening to the West and the Impact of the 1968 Crisis: Bulgaria’s Cooperation with Denmark and West Germany in the 1960s

    Elitza Stanoeva

    7. Americanising the Belgian Civilising Mission (1941–1961): The Belgian Information Center in New York and the Campaign to cast the Belgian Civilising Mission as part of the Point IV Programme

    Frank Gerits

    8. A Gas Giant in a Small State’s Clothes (1981–1982): A Political Economy Analysis of the Dutch Margins for Manoeuvre During the Urengoy Pipeline Crisis

    Marloes Beers

    Part III: Identity as an Instrument

    9. Neutrality as an Instrument of Small State Manoeuvring and the Globalisation of Neutrality in the Cold War

    Johanna Raino-Niemi

    10. Denuclearisation and Regional Cooperation: Romania’s Tactical Approaches to Escaping Bloc Rigidities

    Corina Mavrodin

    11. Transitional Margins to Re-Join the West: Spain’s Dual Strategy of Democratisation and Europeanisation

    Cristina Blanco Sío-López

    12. ‘At last, our voice is heard in the world’: Greece and the Six Nation Initiative during the Euromissile Crisis

    Erini Karamouzi

    Conclusion: Shedding a New Light on Cold War Europe

    Laurien Crump and Susanna Erlandsson


    Laurien Crump is Associate Professor in Contemporary European History at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She has published widely on multilateral relations in the Cold War on both sides of the Iron Curtain, based on multi-archival research in eight European countries.

    Susanna Erlandsson is Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of History at Uppsala University, Sweden. She has published on Swedish and Dutch security policies in the 1940s, on personal trust in diplomatic relations and on the role of gender in diplomatic history.