Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1528-1603)
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Maria of Austria was one of the longest surviving Renaissance Empresses but until now has received little attention by biographers. This book explores her life, actions, and management of domestic affairs, which became a feared example of how an Empress could control alternative spheres of power.
The volume traces the path of a Castilian orphan infanta, raised among her mother’s Portuguese ladies-in-waiting and who spent thirty years of marriage between the imperial courts of Prague and Vienna. Empress Maria encapsulates the complex dynastic functioning of the Habsburgs: devotedly married to her cousin Maximilian II, Maria had constant communication with her father Charles V and her brother Philip II while preserving her Spanish background. Her unique intertwining of roles and positions allows a fresh approach to female agency and the discussion of current issues: the rules of dynastic entente, the negotiation of discreet political roles for royal women, the reassessment of informal diplomacy, and the creation of dynastic networks parallel to the embassies.
With chronological chapters discussing Empress Maria’s roles such as infanta, regent, Empress, and a widow, this volume is the perfect resource for scholars and students interested in the history of gender, court culture, and early modern Central Europe.
Table of Contents
1. Infanta Maria: A Discreet Childhood (1528-1539) 2. The Orphan Learning at Court (1539-1548) 3. The Exercise of Authority: Marriage and the Iberian Regency (1548-1551) 4. The Queen of Bohemia Fighting for her Own Space (1552-1564) 5. Empress Consort, Discreet Mediator (1564-1576) 6. The Uncertain Role of the Dowager Empress (1576-1581) 7. Establishing an Imperial Household in Madrid (1581-1587) 8. The Empress without an Empire and the Dynastic Turn (1587-1598) 9. New Opportunities? The Reign of Philip III (1598-1603) 10. Conclusions
Rubén González Cuerva is Permanent Scientist at the CSIC, Madrid. He has published on the diplomacy and courts of the Habsburgs, including Baltasar de Zúñiga, una encrucijada de la Monarquía hispana (2012) and (with Alexander Koller) A Europe of Courts, a Europe of Factions (2017).