Maritime Claims and Boundary Delimitation: Tensions and Trends in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Maritime Claims and Boundary Delimitation

Tensions and Trends in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, 1st Edition

By Nicholas A. Ioannides

Routledge

336 pages | 25 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367280680
pub: 2020-07-01
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Description

This book looks at the major developments triggered by the hydrocarbon discoveries in the East Mediterranean over the last twenty years, focusing on maritime boundary delimitation.

Examining the impact that the hydrocarbon discoveries have had on the application of the law of the sea rules by the East Med states, the book looks at the new trends concerning the implementation of the law of the sea in the region. The book analyses regional state practice in terms of maritime delimitation, namely the conclusion of bilateral agreements based on the law of the sea rules, both conventional and customary, reflecting the East Med states’ willingness to cooperate in order to reap the benefits of the energy windfall. Alongside this analysis, an outline of the hydrocarbon discoveries and the pertinent maritime activities is given, as well as further coverage of the overlapping maritime claims and disputes between Greece, Cyprus and Turkey on one side, and Lebanon and Israel on the other. Moreover, the book examines the validity of maritime claims made by or through non-state entities in the region, namely the State of Palestine, the UK Sovereign Base Areas and the so-called 'Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus' and their potential impact on the delimitation agreements already in place. The book argues that the East Med paradigm concerning the successful application of the pertinent norms in maritime delimitation, proves that international law is resilient and capable of providing solutions in other turbulent regions around the globe.

This book will be of interest and importance to academics and students of international law, professionals in the oil and shipping industries, legal professionals and government agencies.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Book Abstract

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Table of Treaties

Table of Cases

Table of Legislation

List of Figures

Preface

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 - THE MARITIME HISTORY OF THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN AND THE PARTICIPATION OF THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN STATES IN THE LAW OF THE SEA CONFERENCES

1. Introduction

2. The Maritime History of the Eastern Mediterranean

3. International conferences on the law of the sea

3.1. From the 1930 Hague Conference to the UNCLOS III

3.2. The East Med states’ approach towards the LOSC

3.3. Core law of the sea issues and the East Med states’ positions

3.3.1. Territorial Sea

3.3.2 Continental Shelf

3.3.3. Exclusive Economic Zone

3.3.4. Regime of islands

3.3.5. Enclosed and semi-enclosed seas

3.3.6. Maritime boundary delimitation

4. Conclusion

CHAPTER 2 – CONTEMPORARY DEVELOPMENTS WITH RESPECT TO THE OIL AND GAS DISCOVERIES AND MARITIME DELIMITATION IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA

  1. Introduction
  2. The hydrocarbon bonanza and the role of the European Union
    1. Overview of the offshore oil and gas activities in the East Med
    2. The role of the European Union

3. Analysis of the East Med states’ maritime claims outside the region

3.1. Greece’s maritime claims and delimitations

    1. Turkey’s maritime claims and delimitations
    2. Israel’s delimitation in the Gulf of Aqaba
    3. Egypt’s delimitation in the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea

  1. Maritime boundary delimitation and other maritime agreements in the East Med
  2. 4.1. Introduction

    4.2. Maritime delimitation law

    4.3. The background of the maritime delimitation agreements in the East Med

    4.4. The provisions of the EEZ delimitation agreements

    4.5. Other maritime bilateral agreements

    4.5.1 Egypt - Cyprus agreement on the development of cross-median line hydrocarbon resources (2013)

    4.5.2. Israel - Cyprus agreement on exchange and non-disclosure of confidential information (2014)

    4.5.3. Search and rescue agreements

  3. Turkey’s reaction to the maritime delimitations in the East Med

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Exchange of letters, the stance of the international community and trilateral meetings

6. Conclusion

CHAPTER 3 – THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN STATES’ MARITIME CLAIMS AND THE CONDUCT OF UNILATERAL ACTIVITIES IN UNDELIMITED MARITIME AREAS IN THE REGION

1. Introduction

2. The East Med states’ claims and practice under international law

3. The legal framework governing oil and gas activities in undelimited maritime areas

4. Hydrocarbon and other activities in undelimited maritime areas in the East Med

4.1. The maritime area between the Greek islands of the southeastern Aegean Sea and Cyprus

4.2. The maritime dispute between Israel and Lebanon

  1. Turkey’s claims through the ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’
  2. 5.1 Introduction - The ‘TRNC’ regime under international law

    5.2. The continental shelf delimitation between Turkey and the ‘TRNC’

    5.3. The Annan Plan framework

    5.4. The ‘Barbaros’ expeditions

    5.5. Drilling activities performed by Turkey around Cyprus

  3. Analogies between the situations in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and the South China Sea
    1. Introduction
    2. Historical background of the dispute
    3. The Philippines-China arbitration

7. Conclusion

CHAPTER 4 - NON – STATE ENTITIES’ MARITIME CLAIMS

  1. Introduction

2. The State of Palestine

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Maritime and energy rights of the State of Palestine

3. The United Kingdom’s Sovereign Base Areas on Cyprus

3.1. Introduction

3.2. The legal status of the SBAs under UK, Cyprus, EU and international law

3.3. The maritime domain off the SBAs

3.4. The Annan Plan provisions on the SBAs

3.5. The Mauritius – UK dispute over the Chagos Archipelago

3.5.1. Introduction

3.5.2. The Annex VII LOSC arbitration

3.5.3. The ICJ Advisory Opinion

4. Conclusion

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

About the Author

Nicholas A. Ioannides is Adjunct Lecturer of Public International Law at the University of Nicosia, Cyprus.

About the Series

Routledge Research on the Law of the Sea

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW000000
LAW / General
LAW034000
LAW / Environmental
LAW066000
LAW / Maritime
LAW070000
LAW / Natural Resources