1st Edition

Maritime Slavery

Edited By Philip Morgan Copyright 2012
    192 Pages
    by Routledge

    192 Pages
    by Routledge

    Think of maritime slavery, and the notorious Middle Passage – the unprecedented, forced migration of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic – readily comes to mind. This so-called ‘middle leg’ – from Africa to the Americas – of a supposed trading triangle linking Europe, Africa, and the Americas naturally captures attention for its scale and horror. After all, the Middle Passage was the largest forced, transoceanic migration in world history, now thought to have involved about 12.5 million African captives shipped in about 44,000 voyages that sailed between 1514 and 1866. No other coerced migration matches it for sheer size or gruesomeness.

    Maritime slavery is not, however, just about the movement of people as commodities, but rather, the involvement of all sorts of people, including slaves, in the transportation of those human commodities. Maritime slavery is thus not only about objects being moved but also about subjects doing the moving. Some slaves were actors, not simply the acted-upon. They were pilots, sailors, canoemen, divers, linguists, porters, stewards, cooks, and cabin boys, not forgetting all the ancillary workers in ports such as stevedores, warehousemen, labourers, washerwomen, tavern workers, and prostitutes.

    Maritime Slavery reflects this current interest in maritime spaces, and covers all the major Oceans and Seas. This book was originally published as a special issue of Slavery and Abolition.

    1. Introduction: Maritime Slavery Philip D. Morgan, Johns Hopkins University, USA

    Part I: Caribbean Sea

    2. Mediterranean Slavery, New World Transformations: Galley Slaves in the Spanish Caribbean, 1578–1635 David Wheat, Michigan State University, USA

    3. Enslaved Pearl Divers in the Sixteenth Century Caribbean Molly A. Warsh, Texas A&M University, USA

    Part II: Atlantic Ocean

    4. Facilitating the Slave Trade: Company Slaves at Cape Coast Castle, 1750–1807 Ty M. Reese, University of North Dakota, USA

    5. Eighteenth Century ‘Prize Negroes’: From Britain to America Charles R. Foy, Eastern Illinois University, USA

    6. Different Slave Journeys: Enslaved African Seamen on Board of Portuguese Ships, c.1760–1820s Mariana P. Candido, Princeton University, USA

    7. Gorge: An African Seaman and his Flights from ‘Freedom’ back to ‘Slavery’ in the Early Nineteenth Century Walter Hawthorne, Michigan State University, USA

    Part III: Indian and Pacific Oceans

    8. Saltwater Slavers and Captives in the Sulu Zone, 1768–1878 James Francis Warren, Murdoch University, Australia

    9. Bondsmen, Freedmen, and Maritime Industrial Transportation, c.1840–1900 Janet J. Ewald, Duke University, USA

    10. ‘I Espied a Chinaman’: Chinese Sailors and the Fracturing of the Nineteenth Century Pacific Maritime Labour Force John T. Grider, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, USA


    Philip D. Morgan is Harry C. Black Professor in the Department of History at Johns Hopkins University, USA, and held the position of Visiting Harmsworth Professor at Queen’s College, University of Oxford, UK, during 2011-12. He is the author of Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry (1998) and co-editor of Oxford Handbook of the Atlantic World, 1450-1850 (2011).