Unregulated or lesser regulated maritime spaces are ideal theatres of operation and mediums of transportation for terrorists, insurgents and pirates. For more than a decade, the Indian Ocean waters adjoining Somalia have been a particular locus of such activities, with pirates hijacking vessels, and Al Qaeda and Al Shabab elements travelling between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, operating lucrative businesses and even staging deadly operations at sea. However, these operations and threats remain, by and large, understudied. Responses to the two threats have varied, highlighting the lack of cohesive regional and global institutions with the mandate and the capacity to address them. Those scholarly deliberations on Indian Ocean maritime security focus on piracy and armed robbery at sea, while their terrorist/insurgent counterparts have eluded sustained scrutiny. This volume will help close that gap by looking at both from the field in Somalia and Yemen, within broader frameworks of regional maritime security and port-state control, international maritime law and the ongoing search for maritime resources. The European, African and Middle Eastern case studies add salience to the regional and international complexity surrounding maritime security off the Horn of Africa. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of the Indian Ocean Region.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Maritime Terrorism and Piracy in the Indian Ocean Region
Andrew C. Winner, Patricia Schneider and Awet T. Weldemichael
2. Maritime corporate terrorism and its consequences in the western Indian Ocean: illegal fishing, waste dumping and piracy in 21st Century Somalia
Awet T. Weldemichael
3. Spanish maritime security governance in the Indian Ocean Region
Annina Cristina Bürgin
4. German maritime security governance: a perspective on the Indian Ocean Region
5. Yemeni security-political dynamics and maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region
Stig Jarle Hansen
6. The abundant sea: prospects for maritime non-state violence in the Indian Ocean
Martin N. Murphy
7. Maritime security and port state control in the Indian Ocean Region
8. International law and counter-piracy in the Indian Ocean
Awet T. Weldemichael is Queen’s National Scholar in African History at Queen’s University, Canada. He is currently researching contemporary Somalia and its adjoining waters.
Patricia Schneider is a Senior Researcher at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy and teaches in the Peace and Security Studies program at the University of Hamburg, Germany. She is an expert on maritime security and terrorism and co-edits the quarterly journal Sicherheit und Frieden - Security and Peace.