First published in 1986, Matching Resources to Needs describes the PSSRU’s community care approach and analyses the first of the community care projects, a seminal set of experiments in the care of the elderly at high risk of institutional long-term care. The experiments create field structures which provide incentives to improve efficiency, decentralised power over resources being balanced by enhanced accountability. The first part explains the approach, analyses the causes of inefficiency in ~British social care, and reviews British and American evidence about the relationships between resources, recipient characteristics and outcomes. The approach is compared with some two dozen American experiments hitherto unknown in the UK. It describes the design of the project and its evaluation. The authors then examine the experimental results. They show that cost and welfare effects are better and the costs of outcomes are lower for recipients of community car. The third part of the book uses observational and other data to explore the relationships between structures, assumptive worlds, causal processes and outcomes and their costs. It also analyses the performance of the core tasks of entrepreneurial case management for types of case. The book concludes with a discussion of the broader implications of this approach to community care.
Table of Contents
1. Why Community Care? Part 1. 2. Case Management and Incentives in British Social Care. 3. Channelling Projects and Community Care. 4. Costs and Outputs: Arguments and Hypotheses. 5. Evaluation Design. Part 2. 6. Case Management Tasks in Community Care. 7. Matching Resources to Needs: the Response of Care Strategies and Inputs to Client Circumstances. 8. Mobilising and Supporting Community Resources. Part 3. 9. The Welfare Outcomes of Care for Clients and Family Carers. 10. Cost Concepts and Estimates. 11. Costs of Outputs to the Social Services Department. 12. Costs of Outputs to the National Health Service, Clients and Carers, and Society. Part 4. Conclusions. 13. The Future of Community Care.