2nd Edition

Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement

Edited By John G. Webster, Halit Eren Copyright 2014
    1640 Pages 905 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    1638 Pages 905 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

    Organized according to measurement problem, the Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement volume of the Second Edition:

    • Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 96 existing chapters
    • Covers instrumentation and measurement concepts, spatial and mechanical variables, displacement, acoustics, flow and spot velocity, radiation, wireless sensors and instrumentation, and control and human factors

    A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

    Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement





    Part I: Instrumentation and Measurement Concepts

    Measurements, Instrumentation, and Sensors

    Halit Eren

    Characteristics of Instrumentation

    John R. Hansman, Jr.

    Operational Modes of Instrumentation

    Richard S. Figliola

    Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Instrumentation

    Peter H. Sydenham

    Measurement Accuracy

    Ronald H. Dieck

    Development of Standards

    Halit Eren

    Measurement Standards

    DeWayne B. Sharp

    Calibrations in Instrumentation and Measurements

    Halit Eren

    Intelligent Sensors and Instruments

    Halit Eren

    Virtual Instruments

    David Potter and Halit Eren

    Fail-Safe Instruments and Devices

    Davide Quatrini, Giuseppe Fazio, Mauro Giaconi, and Adelio Salsano

    Dynamic Error Measurements of Force Sensors

    Akihiro Takita, Jin Tao, and Yusaku Fujii

    Part II: Spatial Variables

    Thickness Measurement

    John C. Brasunas, G. Mark Cushman, and Brook Lakew

    Distance Measurement

    W. John Ballantyne

    Altitude Measurement

    Dimitris E. Manolakis

    Attitude Measurement

    Mark A. Stedham, Partha P. Banerjee, Seiji Nishifuji, and Shogo Tanaka

    Inertial Navigation

    Halit Eren

    Level Measurement

    Detlef Brumbi

    Area Measurement

    Charles B. Coulbourn and Wolfgang P. Buerner

    Volume Measurement

    Rene G. Aarnink and Hessel Wijkstra

    Tilt Measurement

    Adam Chrzanowski and James M. Secord

    Proximity Sensing for Robotics

    Ricardo E. Saad, Ben Benhabib, A. Bonen, and K.C. Smith

    Part III: Displacement

    Resistive Displacement Sensors

    Keith Antonelli, James Ko, and Shyan Ku

    Inductive Displacement Sensors

    Halit Eren

    Capacitive Sensors: Displacement, Humidity, Force

    Halit Eren

    Piezoelectric Sensors and Transducers

    Ahmad Safari, Victor F. Janas, Amit Bandyopadhyay, and Andrei Kholkine

    Laser Interferometer Displacement Sensor

    Bernhard Gunther Zagar

    Bore-Gaging Displacement Sensors

    Viktor P. Astakhov

    Ultrasonic Displacement Sensors

    Nils Karlsson and Ole Pedersen

    Optical Encoder Displacement Sensors

    J.R. Rene Mayer

    Magnetic Displacement Sensors

    David S. Nyce

    Synchro/Resolver Displacement Sensors

    Robert M. Hyatt, Jr. and David Dayton

    Optical Fiber Displacement Sensors

    Richard O. Claus, Vikram Bhatia, and Anbo Wang

    Optical Beam Deflection Sensors

    Grover C. Wetsel

    Velocity Measurement

    Charles P. Pinney and William E. Baker

    Part IV: Mechanical Variables

    Acceleration, Vibration, and Shock Measurement

    Halit Eren

    Strain Measurement

    Christopher S. Lynch

    Tactile Sensing

    Ricardo E. Saad, A. Bonen, K.C. Smith, and Ben Benhabib

    Pressure Measurement

    Kevin H.L. Chau

    Vacuum Measurement

    Ron Goehner, Emil Drubetsky, Howard M. Brady, and William H. Bayles, Jr.

    Force Measurement

    M.A. Elbestawi

    Angle Measurement

    Robert J. Sandberg

    Mass, Weights, and Instrumentation

    Emil Hazarian

    Torque and Power Measurement

    Ivan J. Garshelis

    Density Measurement

    Halit Eren

    Fluid Viscosity Measurement

    R.A. Secco, M. Kostic, and J.R. deBruyn

    Surface Tension Measurement

    David B. Thiessen and Kin F. Man

    Part V: Acoustics

    Acoustic Measurement

    Per Rasmussen

    Ultrasound Measurement

    Peder C. Pedersen

    Part VI: Flow and Spot Velocity

    Capillary-Type Mass Flow Meter

    Reza Pakdaman Zangabad and Manouchehr Bahrami

    Differential Pressure Flowmeters

    Richard Thorn

    Variable Area Flowmeters

    Adrian Melling, Herbert Köchner, and Reinhard Haak

    Positive Displacement Flowmeters

    Zaki D. Husain and Donald J. Wass

    Turbine and Vane Flowmeters

    David Wadlow

    Impeller Flowmeters

    Harold M. Miller

    Electromagnetic Flowmeters

    Halit Eren

    Ultrasonic Flowmeters

    Hans-Peter Vaterlaus, Thomas Hossle, Paolo Giordano, and Christophe Bruttin

    Vortex-Shedding Flowmeters

    Wade M. Mattar and James H. Vignos

    Thermal Anemometry

    Jugal K. Agarwal and John G. Olin

    Coriolis Effect Mass Flowmeters

    Jesse Yoder

    Drag Force Flowmeters

    Rekha Philip-Chandy, Roger Morgan, and Patricia J. Scully

    Pitot Probe Anemometer

    John A. Kleppe

    Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters

    John G. Olin

    Laser Anemometry

    Rajan K. Menon

    Part VII: Thermal and Temperature Measurement

    Temperature Measurements, Scales, and Calibrations

    Franco Pavese

    Thermal Conductivity Measurement

    William A. Wakeham and Marc J. Assael

    Heat Flux

    Thomas E. Diller

    Resistive Thermometers

    Jim Burns

    Thermistor Thermometers

    Rod White and Meyer Sapoff

    Thermocouple Thermometry

    R.P. Reed

    Semiconductor Junction Thermometers

    Randy Frank

    Noncontact Thermometers

    Jacob Fraden

    Pyroelectric Detectors

    Jacob Fraden

    Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    Rod White and J.V. Nicholas

    Manometric Thermometers

    Franco Pavese

    Temperature Indicators

    Jan Stasiek, Tolestyn Madaj, and Jaroslaw Mikielewicz

    Fiber-Optic Thermometers

    Brian Culshaw

    Thermal Imaging

    Herbert M. Runciman

    Calorimetry Measurement

    Sander van Herwaarden and Elina Iervolino

    Part VIII: Radiation

    Radioactivity Measurement

    Bert M. Coursey

    Radioactivity Detectors

    Larry A. Franks, Ralph B. James, and Larry S. Darken

    Charged-Particle Measurement

    John C. Armitage, Madhu S. Dixit, Jacques Dubeau, Hans Mes, and F. Gerald Oakham

    Neutron Measurement

    Steven M. Grimes

    Dosimetry Measurement

    Brian L. Justus, Mark A. Miller, and Alan L. Huston

    Part IX: Wireless Instrumentation

    Wireless Instrumentation

    J.P. Carmo and J.H. Correria

    Wireless Sensor Node Hardware

    Michael Healy, Thomas Newe, and Elfed Lewis

    Mobile Instrumentation with Wireless Design and Implementation

    Frederick Fortson and Kenneth Johnson

    Powering Autonomous Sensors

    Manel Gasulla, Maria Teresa Penella, and Oscar Lopez-Lapeña

    Wireless Sensing Technology

    Gregory C. Willden, Ben A. Abbott, and Ronald T. Green


    Albert Lozano-Nieto

    Part X: Control and Human Factors

    PID Control

    F. Greg Shinskey

    Optimal Control and the Software

    Halit Eren

    Electropneumatic and Electrohydraulic Instruments: Modeling

    M. Pachter and C.H. Houpis

    Explosion-Proof Instruments

    Sam S. Khalilieh

    Measurement and Identification of DC Brush and Brushless Stepping Motors

    Stuart Schweid, Robert Lofthus, and John McInroy

    Human Factors in Displays

    Jeffrey D. Onken, Barrett S. Caldwell, and Steven A. Murray

    Appendix: Units and Conversions

    B.W. Petley



    John G. Webster received his BS from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA and M.Sc and Ph.D from University of Rochester, New York, USA. A fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Instrument Society of America, American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Society, and Institute of Physics, he served on the IEEE-EMBS Administrative Committee and NIH Surgery and Bioengineering Study Section, authored/co-authored and edited/co-edited numerous books and publications, and received the IEEE-EMBS Career Achievement Award. A highly cited researcher for King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, he is currently a professor emeritus at University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

    Halit Eren received his BS, M.Sc, and Ph.D from University of Sheffield, UK. He also obtained an MBA from Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. He has served as an instrumentation engineer at Etibank, as well as an assistant professor for Hacettepe University and Middle East Technical University, all in Turkey. An author and co-editor of several books and publications, he was associate professor at Polytechnic University, Hong Kong and visiting professor at University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. A senior member of IEEE taking roles in Region 10 activities and various committees for organizing conferences, he is currently teaching and conducting research at Curtin University.

    "Engineers, involved with instrumentation and measurement, will find this book an outstanding 'go to' resource, with very broad coverage and detailed descriptions of modern measurement methods and techniques."
    IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, January/February 2015