432 Pages 185 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Measurement and interpretation of key ultrasound parameters are essential to differentiate normal anatomy from pathology. By using Measurement in Ultrasound, trainee radiologists and ultrasonographers can gain an appreciation of such measurements, while practitioners can use it as a valuable reference in the clinical setting.

    The book follows a consistent format throughout for ease of reference and features useful information on preparation and positioning of the patient for ultrasound, the type of transducer and method to be used, the appearance of the resulting ultrasound images and the measurements to be derived from them.

    Designed for frequent use in everyday practice, the book includes more than 150 high-quality ultrasound images annotated with key measurements and accompanied by concise explanatory text. Normal variants are provided, along with ranges for features that can change during development and in disease.

    This new edition covers relevant developments in ultrasound. Where appropriate, updated ultrasound measurements that have arisen are also included and key references are provided as an aid to further study.


    Upper Abdominal
    Liver Size
    Liver Fibrosis Assessment
    Biliary Tree
    Gallbladder and Gallbladder Wall
    Pancreatic Duct (Adult)
    Adrenal Glands (Adult)
    Portal Vein
    Hepatic Veins
    Hepatic Artery
    Celiac and Superior Mesenteric Arteries
    Doppler Ultrasound Measurement of Post-Prandial Intestinal Blood Flow
    Inferior Mesenteric Artery

    Urinary Tract
    Evaluation of Acute Renal Obstruction with Intrarenal Doppler
    Renal Circulation and Renal Artery
    Retroperitoneal Lymph Nodes
    Bladder Volume and Residual Volume
    Bladder Wall
    Functional Bladder Imaging

    Organ Transplantation
    Liver Transplantation
    Renal Transplantation
    Renal Artery Stenosis in Transplantation
    Pancreas Transplantation

    Genital Tract
    Prostate (Transrectal Sonography)
    Seminal Vesicles (Transrectal Sonography)
    Ovarian Volume (Transvaginal Sonography)
    Ovarian Follicles (Transvaginal Sonography)
    Uterus (Transvaginal Sonography)
    Endometrial Stripe Thickness (Transvaginal Sonography)

    Gastrointestinal Tract
    Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Endoscopic Ultrasound)
    Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Transabdominal Ultrasound)
    Anal Endosonography

    Superficial Structures
    Parathyroid Glands
    Submandibular Salivary Glands
    Parotid Salivary Glands
    Thyroid Gland
    Lymph Nodes in the Neck
    Orbits (Extraocular Muscles)
    Orbits (Optic Nerve)

    Peripheral Vascular (Arterial)
    Upper Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)
    Abdominal Aorta and Common Iliac Arteries
    Lower Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)
    Lower Limbs (Peripheral Artery Bypass Grafts)
    Hemodialysis Access Fistulas and Grafts
    Extracranial Arteries
    Transcranial Doppler (TCD) Ultrasound

    Peripheral Vascular (Venous)
    Inferior Vena Cava (IVC)
    Neck Veins
    Leg Veins

    Musculoskeletal System
    Long Head of Biceps
    Subscapularis Tendon
    Supraspinatus Tendon
    Infraspinatus Tendon
    Anterior Joint Space and Distal Biceps Tendon
    Olecranon Fossa, Ulnar Nerve, and Distal Triceps
    Lateral Elbow
    Medial Elbow
    Dorsal Tendons
    Carpal Tunnel
    Hip Effusion
    Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
    Posterior Knee
    Anterior, Medial, and Lateral Tendons
    Achilles Tendon
    Plantar Fascia
    Interdigital Web Spaces


    Upper Abdomen
    Liver (Pediatric)
    Gallbladder (Neonatal)
    Gallbladder (Pediatric)
    Common Bile Duct (Pediatric)
    Spleen (Pediatric)
    Pancreas (Pediatric)
    Adrenal Glands (Neonatal)
    Adrenal Glands (Infant)
    Pyloric Stenosis

    Renal Tract
    Kidney Size (Pediatric)
    Kidney Size (Neonates and Infants)
    Renal Pelvic Diameter (Fetus and Neonate)
    Ureterovesical Jets (Infants and Children)

    Pediatric Uterus, Ovary, and Testis
    Uterus (Transabdominal Sonography)
    Ovarian Volume (Transabdominal Sonography)

    Neonatal Brain
    Neonatal Brain (Ventricular Size)
    Neonatal Brain (Doppler Ultrasound)


    Gestational Sac
    Embryonic/Fetal Heart Rate (1st Trimester)
    Crown Rump Length
    Discriminatory Levels for Diagnosis of Pregnancy Failure in First
    Trimester (Transvaginal Ultrasonography)
    Nuchal Translucency Thickness Measurement
    Nuchal Fold Thickness Measurement
    Biparietal Diameter
    Head Circumference
    Abdominal Circumference
    Fetal Femur Length
    Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Gestational Age
    Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Fetal Weight
    Fetal Humerus Length
    Transcerebellar Diameter
    Head to Abdominal Circumference Ratio
    Transcerebellar Diameter to Abdominal Circumference Ratio
    Systolic/Diastolic Ratio in the Umbilical Artery
    Lateral Ventricle Transverse Atrial Measurement (Atrial Size)
    Cisterna Magna Measurements
    Thoracic Circumference
    Renal Pelvis Diameter
    Mean Renal Lengths for Gestational Ages
    Outer Orbital Diameter
    Nasal Bone Length
    Fetal Stomach Diameter Measurements
    Fetal Colon Measurement
    Fetal Small Bowel Measurements


    Edited by

    Paul S. Sidhu, BSc, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, DTM&H FAIUM (Hon.), professor of imaging sciences and consultant radiologist, King’s College Hospital, London, UK

    Wui K. Chong, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, assistant professor, Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

    Keshthra Satchithananda, BDS, FDSRCS, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR, consultant radiologist, King's College Hospital, London, UK