Measurement in Ultrasound  book cover
2nd Edition

Measurement in Ultrasound

ISBN 9781482231359
Published July 25, 2016 by CRC Press
432 Pages 185 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

Measurement and interpretation of key ultrasound parameters are essential to differentiate normal anatomy from pathology. By using Measurement in Ultrasound, trainee radiologists and ultrasonographers can gain an appreciation of such measurements, while practitioners can use it as a valuable reference in the clinical setting.

The book follows a consistent format throughout for ease of reference and features useful information on preparation and positioning of the patient for ultrasound, the type of transducer and method to be used, the appearance of the resulting ultrasound images and the measurements to be derived from them.

Designed for frequent use in everyday practice, the book includes more than 150 high-quality ultrasound images annotated with key measurements and accompanied by concise explanatory text. Normal variants are provided, along with ranges for features that can change during development and in disease.

This new edition covers relevant developments in ultrasound. Where appropriate, updated ultrasound measurements that have arisen are also included and key references are provided as an aid to further study.

Table of Contents


Upper Abdominal
Liver Size
Liver Fibrosis Assessment
Biliary Tree
Gallbladder and Gallbladder Wall
Pancreatic Duct (Adult)
Adrenal Glands (Adult)
Portal Vein
Hepatic Veins
Hepatic Artery
Celiac and Superior Mesenteric Arteries
Doppler Ultrasound Measurement of Post-Prandial Intestinal Blood Flow
Inferior Mesenteric Artery

Urinary Tract
Evaluation of Acute Renal Obstruction with Intrarenal Doppler
Renal Circulation and Renal Artery
Retroperitoneal Lymph Nodes
Bladder Volume and Residual Volume
Bladder Wall
Functional Bladder Imaging

Organ Transplantation
Liver Transplantation
Renal Transplantation
Renal Artery Stenosis in Transplantation
Pancreas Transplantation

Genital Tract
Prostate (Transrectal Sonography)
Seminal Vesicles (Transrectal Sonography)
Ovarian Volume (Transvaginal Sonography)
Ovarian Follicles (Transvaginal Sonography)
Uterus (Transvaginal Sonography)
Endometrial Stripe Thickness (Transvaginal Sonography)

Gastrointestinal Tract
Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Endoscopic Ultrasound)
Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Transabdominal Ultrasound)
Anal Endosonography

Superficial Structures
Parathyroid Glands
Submandibular Salivary Glands
Parotid Salivary Glands
Thyroid Gland
Lymph Nodes in the Neck
Orbits (Extraocular Muscles)
Orbits (Optic Nerve)

Peripheral Vascular (Arterial)
Upper Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)
Abdominal Aorta and Common Iliac Arteries
Lower Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)
Lower Limbs (Peripheral Artery Bypass Grafts)
Hemodialysis Access Fistulas and Grafts
Extracranial Arteries
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) Ultrasound

Peripheral Vascular (Venous)
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC)
Neck Veins
Leg Veins

Musculoskeletal System
Long Head of Biceps
Subscapularis Tendon
Supraspinatus Tendon
Infraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Joint Space and Distal Biceps Tendon
Olecranon Fossa, Ulnar Nerve, and Distal Triceps
Lateral Elbow
Medial Elbow
Dorsal Tendons
Carpal Tunnel
Hip Effusion
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Posterior Knee
Anterior, Medial, and Lateral Tendons
Achilles Tendon
Plantar Fascia
Interdigital Web Spaces


Upper Abdomen
Liver (Pediatric)
Gallbladder (Neonatal)
Gallbladder (Pediatric)
Common Bile Duct (Pediatric)
Spleen (Pediatric)
Pancreas (Pediatric)
Adrenal Glands (Neonatal)
Adrenal Glands (Infant)
Pyloric Stenosis

Renal Tract
Kidney Size (Pediatric)
Kidney Size (Neonates and Infants)
Renal Pelvic Diameter (Fetus and Neonate)
Ureterovesical Jets (Infants and Children)

Pediatric Uterus, Ovary, and Testis
Uterus (Transabdominal Sonography)
Ovarian Volume (Transabdominal Sonography)

Neonatal Brain
Neonatal Brain (Ventricular Size)
Neonatal Brain (Doppler Ultrasound)


Gestational Sac
Embryonic/Fetal Heart Rate (1st Trimester)
Crown Rump Length
Discriminatory Levels for Diagnosis of Pregnancy Failure in First
Trimester (Transvaginal Ultrasonography)
Nuchal Translucency Thickness Measurement
Nuchal Fold Thickness Measurement
Biparietal Diameter
Head Circumference
Abdominal Circumference
Fetal Femur Length
Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Gestational Age
Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Fetal Weight
Fetal Humerus Length
Transcerebellar Diameter
Head to Abdominal Circumference Ratio
Transcerebellar Diameter to Abdominal Circumference Ratio
Systolic/Diastolic Ratio in the Umbilical Artery
Lateral Ventricle Transverse Atrial Measurement (Atrial Size)
Cisterna Magna Measurements
Thoracic Circumference
Renal Pelvis Diameter
Mean Renal Lengths for Gestational Ages
Outer Orbital Diameter
Nasal Bone Length
Fetal Stomach Diameter Measurements
Fetal Colon Measurement
Fetal Small Bowel Measurements

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Edited by

Paul S. Sidhu, BSc, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, DTM&H FAIUM (Hon.), professor of imaging sciences and consultant radiologist, King’s College Hospital, London, UK

Wui K. Chong, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, assistant professor, Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

Keshthra Satchithananda, BDS, FDSRCS, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR, consultant radiologist, King's College Hospital, London, UK