Measurement in Ultrasound: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Measurement in Ultrasound

2nd Edition

Edited by Paul S. Sidhu, Wui K. Chong, Keshthra Satchithananda

CRC Press

414 pages | 185 Color Illus.

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pub: 2016-07-25
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Measurement and interpretation of key ultrasound parameters are essential to differentiate normal anatomy from pathology. By using Measurement in Ultrasound, trainee radiologists and ultrasonographers can gain an appreciation of such measurements, while practitioners can use it as a valuable reference in the clinical setting.

The book follows a consistent format throughout for ease of reference and features useful information on preparation and positioning of the patient for ultrasound, the type of transducer and method to be used, the appearance of the resulting ultrasound images and the measurements to be derived from them.

Designed for frequent use in everyday practice, the book includes more than 150 high-quality ultrasound images annotated with key measurements and accompanied by concise explanatory text. Normal variants are provided, along with ranges for features that can change during development and in disease.

This new edition covers relevant developments in ultrasound. Where appropriate, updated ultrasound measurements that have arisen are also included and key references are provided as an aid to further study.

Table of Contents


Upper Abdominal

Liver Size

Liver Fibrosis Assessment

Biliary Tree

Gallbladder and Gallbladder Wall



Pancreatic Duct (Adult)

Adrenal Glands (Adult)


Portal Vein

Hepatic Veins

Hepatic Artery

Celiac and Superior Mesenteric Arteries

Doppler Ultrasound Measurement of Post-Prandial Intestinal Blood Flow

Inferior Mesenteric Artery

Urinary Tract


Evaluation of Acute Renal Obstruction with Intrarenal Doppler

Renal Circulation and Renal Artery

Retroperitoneal Lymph Nodes

Bladder Volume and Residual Volume

Bladder Wall

Functional Bladder Imaging

Organ Transplantation

Liver Transplantation

Renal Transplantation

Renal Artery Stenosis in Transplantation

Pancreas Transplantation

Genital Tract




Prostate (Transrectal Sonography)

Seminal Vesicles (Transrectal Sonography)


Ovarian Volume (Transvaginal Sonography)

Ovarian Follicles (Transvaginal Sonography)

Uterus (Transvaginal Sonography)

Endometrial Stripe Thickness (Transvaginal Sonography)

Gastrointestinal Tract


Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Endoscopic Ultrasound)

Gastrointestinal Tract Wall (Transabdominal Ultrasound)

Anal Endosonography

Superficial Structures

Parathyroid Glands

Submandibular Salivary Glands

Parotid Salivary Glands

Thyroid Gland

Lymph Nodes in the Neck

Orbits (Extraocular Muscles)

Orbits (Optic Nerve)

Peripheral Vascular (Arterial)

Upper Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)

Abdominal Aorta and Common Iliac Arteries

Lower Limbs (Peripheral Arteries)

Lower Limbs (Peripheral Artery Bypass Grafts)

Hemodialysis Access Fistulas and Grafts

Extracranial Arteries

Transcranial Doppler (TCD) Ultrasound

Peripheral Vascular (Venous)

Inferior Vena Cava (IVC)

Neck Veins

Leg Veins

Musculoskeletal System

Long Head of Biceps

Subscapularis Tendon

Supraspinatus Tendon

Infraspinatus Tendon

Anterior Joint Space and Distal Biceps Tendon

Olecranon Fossa, Ulnar Nerve, and Distal Triceps

Lateral Elbow

Medial Elbow

Dorsal Tendons

Carpal Tunnel

Hip Effusion

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip


Posterior Knee

Anterior, Medial, and Lateral Tendons

Achilles Tendon

Plantar Fascia

Interdigital Web Spaces


Upper Abdomen

Liver (Pediatric)

Gallbladder (Neonatal)

Gallbladder (Pediatric)

Common Bile Duct (Pediatric)

Spleen (Pediatric)

Pancreas (Pediatric)

Adrenal Glands (Neonatal)

Adrenal Glands (Infant)

Pyloric Stenosis

Renal Tract

Kidney Size (Pediatric)

Kidney Size (Neonates and Infants)

Renal Pelvic Diameter (Fetus and Neonate)

Ureterovesical Jets (Infants and Children)

Pediatric Uterus, Ovary, and Testis

Uterus (Transabdominal Sonography)

Ovarian Volume (Transabdominal Sonography)


Neonatal Brain

Neonatal Brain (Ventricular Size)

Neonatal Brain (Doppler Ultrasound)



Gestational Sac

Embryonic/Fetal Heart Rate (1st Trimester)

Crown Rump Length

Discriminatory Levels for Diagnosis of Pregnancy Failure in First

Trimester (Transvaginal Ultrasonography)

Nuchal Translucency Thickness Measurement

Nuchal Fold Thickness Measurement

Biparietal Diameter

Head Circumference

Abdominal Circumference

Fetal Femur Length

Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Gestational Age

Multiple Fetal Parameters in the Assessment of Fetal Weight

Fetal Humerus Length

Transcerebellar Diameter

Head to Abdominal Circumference Ratio

Transcerebellar Diameter to Abdominal Circumference Ratio

Systolic/Diastolic Ratio in the Umbilical Artery

Lateral Ventricle Transverse Atrial Measurement (Atrial Size)

Cisterna Magna Measurements

Thoracic Circumference

Renal Pelvis Diameter

Mean Renal Lengths for Gestational Ages

Outer Orbital Diameter

Nasal Bone Length

Fetal Stomach Diameter Measurements

Fetal Colon Measurement

Fetal Small Bowel Measurements

About the Editors

Edited by

Paul S. Sidhu, BSc, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, DTM&H FAIUM (Hon.), professor of imaging sciences and consultant radiologist, King’s College Hospital, London, UK

Wui K. Chong, MB BS, MRCP, FRCR, assistant professor, Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

Keshthra Satchithananda, BDS, FDSRCS, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR, consultant radiologist, King's College Hospital, London, UK

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / General
MEDICAL / Allied Health Services / General
MEDICAL / Anatomy
MEDICAL / Radiology & Nuclear Medicine