1st Edition

Media, Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa Conceptual and Empirical Considerations

Edited By Jacinta Maweu, Admire Mare Copyright 2021
    280 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    280 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book explores the role and place of popular, traditional and digital media platforms in the mediatization, representation and performance of various conflicts and peacebuilding interventions in the African context.

    The role of the media in conflict is often depicted as either ‘good’ (as symbolized by peace journalism) or ‘bad’ (as exemplified by war journalism), but this book moves beyond this binary to highlight the ‘in-between’ role that the media often plays in times of conflict. The volume does not only focus on the relationship between mass media, conflict and peacebuilding processes but it broadens its scope by critically analysing the dynamic and emergent roles of popular and digital media platforms in a continent where the semi-literate and oral communities still rely heavily on popular communication platforms to get news and information. Whilst social media platforms have been hailed for their assumed democratic and digital dividends, this book does not only focus on these positive aspects but also shines a light on dark forms of participation which are fuelling racial, gender, ethnic, political and religious conflicts in highly polarized and stratified societies.

    Highlighting the many ways in which traditional, digital and popular media can be used to both escalate conflicts and promote peacebuilding, this volume will be a useful resource for students, researchers and civil society groups interested in peace and conflict studies, journalism and media studies in different contexts within Africa.

    Foreword by Cyril Obi 

    1. Introduction. Changing the tide: Re-examining the interplay of media, conflict and peacebuilding in Africa

    Jacinta Maweu and Admire Mare

    Part I. Different Conceptual and Methodological Considerations

    2. Rethinking peace journalism in light of Ubuntu

    Colin Chasi and Ylva Rodny-Gumede

    3. Researching Africa Peace Journalism through Borderlands: A Theoretical and Methodological Exploration

    Fredrick Ogenga

    4. The Limits of Peace Journalism in Restricted Societies: Reporting the Gukurahundi Genocide in Zimbabwe

    Phillip Santos

    5. The Prospects and Challenges of mediating peacebuilding in Africa: Towards a human rights journalism approach

    Ibrahim Seaga Shaw

    6. The Role of Folk Media in Peacebuilding: Folk Storytelling Tradition as a Site for Peaceful Negotiation for Gender Harmony in African Families

    Egara Kabaji

    Part II. The Good and Bad of Traditional Media in Conflict and Peacebuilding

    7. A Critical Reflection on the Role of the Media in Conflict in Africa

    Dumisani Moyo

    8. Assessing the impact of terrorism and counter-terrorism laws on freedom of the media in Kenya

    Benjamin Muindi

    9. Catalysts of conflict or Messengers of Peace? Promoting Interfaith Dialogue between Christians and Muslims in Kenya through the Media

    Jacinta Maweu

    10. Media Diplomacy and the Kenya-Somalia Maritime Territorial Dispute

    Doreen Muyonga

    11. "In their own words": Journalistic mediation of electoral conflict in polarized Zimbabwe

    Admire Mare and Stanley Tsarwe

    12. The role of the media in conflict and peacebuilding in Sierra Leone

    Francis Sowa

    13. War Reporting In Africa: The Case Of Sudan’s War In The Nuba Mountains

    Ogata Moganda Silvester

    14. Peace-makers or Peace-Wreckers? Discursive Construction of Domestic Conflict and Peacebuilding in the Zimbabwean Diaspora Media

    Tendai Chari

    Part III: Digital Media, Conflict and Peacebuilding

    15. Precarity, Technology, Identity: The Sociology of Conflict Reporting in South Sudan

    Richard Stupart

    16: "Walking through History" Together: Gukurahundi, Memory and the Role of Digital Media in Shaping "Post-conflict" Zimbabwe

    Mphathisi Ndlovu

    17. "We have Degrees in Violence": a Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis of Online Constructions of Electoral Violence in Post-2000 Zimbabwe

    Allen Munoriyarwa

    18. Of Beaches, Monkeys and Good Old Days: How Social Media Race-Talk is Dismantling the ‘Rainbow Nation’

    Shepherd Mpofu


    Jacinta Maweu is a Senior Lecturer in Philosophy and Media Studies and an Associate Faculty Member at the Institute of Climate Change and Adaptation (ICCA) at the University of Nairobi, Kenya. Her key research interests revolve around media and democracy, media and human rights, media in peacebuilding, media ethics and the political economy of the media.

    Admire Mare is an Associate Professor and Deputy Head of the Department of Communication at the Namibia University of Science and Technology, and a Senior Research Associate in the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg. His research interests include digital media, digital journalism cultures and practices, media and democracy, youth studies, the intersection between technology and society, mediation of conflict and peacebuilding initiatives, innovation in African journalism, the role of artificial intelligence in newsrooms, sociology of African news and digital campaigns. He currently leads the international research project Social Media, Misinformation and Elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe (SoMeKeZi) funded by the Social Science Research Council (2019–2021).