Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta
Studies in Architecture, Art and History
There was a time seven centuries ago when Famagusta's wealth and renown could be compared to that of Venice or Constantinople. The Cathedral of St Nicholas in the main square of Famagusta, serving as the coronation place for the Crusader Kings of Jerusalem after the fall of Acre in 1291, symbolised both the sophistication and permanence of the French society that built it. From the port radiated impressive commercial activity with the major Mediterranean trade centres, generating legendary wealth, cosmopolitanism, and hedonism, unsurpassed in the Levant. These halcyon days were not to last, however, and a 15th century observer noted that, following the Genoese occupation of the city, 'a malignant devil has become jealous of Famagusta'. When Venice inherited the city, it reconstructed the defences and had some success in revitalising the city's economy. But the end for Venetian Famagusta came in dramatic fashion in 1571, following a year long siege by the Ottomans. Three centuries of neglect followed which, combined with earthquakes, plague and flooding, left the city in ruins. The essays collected in this book represent a major contribution to the study of Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta and its surviving art and architecture and also propose a series of strategies for preserving the city's heritage in the future. They will be of particular interest to students and scholars of Gothic, Byzantine and Renaissance art and architecture, and to those of the Crusades and the Latin East, as well as the Military Orders. After an introductory chapter surveying the history of Famagusta and its position in the cultural mosaic that is the Eastern Mediterranean, the opening section provides a series of insights into the history and historiography of the city. There follow chapters on the churches and their decoration, as well as the military architecture, while the final section looks at the history of conservation efforts and assesses the work that now needs to be done.
Table of Contents
Contents: Foreword, Phillip Roux de Lusignan; Preface, Nicola Coldstream; Introduction - Famagusta: an imperilled cultural mosaic in the Eastern Mediterranean, The Editors; Part I History and Historiography: Camlet manufacture, trade in Cyprus and the economy of Famagusta from the 13th to the late 15th century, David Jacoby; Famagusta and the tradition of history writing in Frankish Cyprus, Peter W. Edbury; Mythes et réalités de la présence templière Ã Famagouste, Pierre-Vincent Claverie; Taverns in medieval Famagusta, Nicholas S.H. Coureas. Part II Art and Architecture: St Nicholas in Famagusta: a new approach to the dating, chronology and sources of architectural language, Arne Franke; Notes on the marginal sculpture of the cathedral of St Nicholas, Allan Langdale; Les Ordres mendiants Ã Famagouste: une référence spirituelle et architecturale, Thierry Soulard; The Holy Mother of God Armenian church in Famagusta, Dickran Kouymjian; Gothic and Byzantine in the monumental arts of Famagusta: diversity, permeability and power, Justine M. Andrews; Famagusta from a Latin perspective: Venetian heraldic shields and other fragmentary remains, Vincenzo Lucchese; The military architecture of Venetian Famagusta, Gianni Perbellini. Part III Conservation: What lies beneath: a contemporary survey of the surviving frescoes of the churches in the Syrian quarter of Famagusta, Michael J.K. Walsh; 20th-century restorations to the medieval and Renaissance monuments of Famagusta, Ege Uluca TÃ¼mer; Monumental buildings in the revitalization process of historic urban quarters: the case of the walled city of Famagusta, Naciye Doratli; An inspection of three of Famagusta's churches, Paulo B. LourenÃ§o and LuÃs F. Ramos; An assessment of the structural fabric of the church of Saints Peter and Paul: a case study in historical reference and structural appraisal, George S. Ballard and Stephen W. Kemp; The historic walled city of Famagusta, 2008: a report, Robert Silman and Kent Severs
Michael J. K. Walsh is Associate Professor of Art History in the School of Art, Design and Media, at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore; Peter W. Edbury is Professor of Medieval History at Cardiff University, UK; Nicholas S.H. Coureas is a Senior Researcher at the Cyprus Research Centre in Nicosia, Cyprus.
'a necessary and long-awaited effort aimed not only to analyze and understand the unique historical and monumental heritage of the city but also to draw attention to its art and architecture, which are in desperate and urgent need of conservation and restoration. ... the editors must be commended for their job, as all the essays ... are clear, compelling, and erudite, de facto forming a seminal study on a city that boasted a multi-cultural and 'multi-confessional society'' Speculum '... this book is a fantastic study of a city that has been largely overlooked by the historical community... a passionate testament to the editors who love their subject.' Comitatus '... this volume brings to light much new work and highlights Famagusta’s many possibilities still to be explored.' Renaissance Quarterly