This book focuses on issues that are relevant for the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. The depth and the extension of the current political crisis in the area have changed the perspectives of conventional Euro-Mediterranean integration policies. The book provides the grounds for new patterns of analysis and addresses policy guidelines which are able to respond to the dramatic challenges that Mediterranean regions are facing.
By implementing a multidisciplinary approach, the volume uncovers the structural determinants of migrations in the area: territorial and social imbalances, climate change, unemployment, weak institutions, poor governance, lack of efficient redistributive policies. Each chapter proposes innovative and rich analyses of the socio-economic conditions of all Mediterranean countries. The prevailing evidence suggests that while the North-South imbalances still persist inside the basin, the recent world economic and financial crises have deepened social, intergenerational and gender inequalities. These inequalities cross all territories both nationally and internationally and affect the living conditions of large segments of population in Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries. To bridge these gaps it is necessary to strengthen territorial cohesion, reduce income differentials, and improve the access of marginal areas to basic infrastructure. These long term goals can be achieved through an inclusive development model for which young people and women can enjoy the same opportunities of education and work.
Offering innovative and practical guidelines for future programs and policies, this book is essential reading for policy makers, researchers at policy think tanks as well as academics and post graduate students of Mediterranean studies and Economic Policy. The general policy recipes, provided to govern migration flows, make useful reading for national and international research centres and major governmental agencies interested in migration issues.
Dedication, Acknowledgement, List of Figures, List of Maps, List of Tables, Introduction, 1. Migrating in the global vacuum. How globalization has securitized regional market migration flows, Paolo Quercia, 2.The Euro-Mediterranean regional and sub-regional integration. The role of the EU in the Moroccan path of regional integration, Fátima Fernández, Saïd Chahi and Dolores Riveiro, 3. Demographic transitions and labour supply in Southern Mediterranean countries, Barbara Zagaglia, 4. Measuring women’s empowerment in the Southern Mediterranean: An opportunity to address the key development challenges, Marco Zupi, 5. Spatial agglomeration, innovation clustering and firm performances in Turkey, Anna M. Ferragina, Sofiane Ghali and Erol Taymaz, 6. Youth unemployment and labour market policies in the Southern Mediterranean, Roger Albinyana, 7. Labour Market Regulations and Institutions in the Mediterranean, Salvatore Capasso and Yolanda Pena-Boquete, 8. Climate Change and Environmentally Induced Migration, Eugenia Ferragina and Desirée A. L. Quagliarotti, 9. International migrations in the northern countries of the Mediterranean: continuity and changes, before and after the crisis, Corrado Bonifazi and Salvatore Strozza, 10. Migration and Trade in the Mediterranean, Giorgia Giovannetti, Mauro Lanati and Alessandra Venturini, 11. Bound to share aims and instruments: the future of Euro-Mediterranean migration policies, Alessandro Romagnoli, Index