Melanie Klein: The Basics provides an accessible and concise introduction to the life and work of Melanie Klein, whose discoveries advanced those of Freud and other analysts, deepening our insight into the unconscious domain of psychology in human beings. Klein began her work by developing a method of psychoanalysis for children, who suffer from anxiety and other, often unrecognised, conflicts, which enabled understanding of those crucial early steps in the development of human mind and identity. Although she initiated one strand of clinical and theoretical developments, many of her discoveries are well-regarded by other schools of psychoanalysis.
The book contains four parts, as well as further reading suggestions and a helpful glossary of key terms. Part I introduces Melanie Klein in the context of her life, her early interest in psychoanalysis and her first discoveries; Part II takes up the development of her technique of child analysis and discusses the ways in which her insights and conclusions in this area influenced the technique of adult analysis and the more general understanding of the human mind; Part III focuses on further scientific and clinical developments in psychoanalytic technique – especially those referring to the understanding and treatment of serious emotional disturbance, e.g. psychosis or affective disorders; Part IV focuses on contemporary developments in Kleinian and post-Kleinian psychoanalysis, considering clinical, cultural, and socio-political applications. Each chapter poses a basic question at the outset, provides an account of how Klein faced this question and worked with it to develop her ideas, and ends by posing a follow up question to be addressed in the subsequent chapter.
This book will greatly appeal to readers from any field seeking a clear and concise introduction to Melanie Klein. It will also interest researchers and professionals working within the field of psychoanalysis seeking a succinct overview of Melanie Klein’s contribution.
Table of Contents
PART 1 – New method, new facts
Chapter 1 – Who was she?
Chapter 2 – Where did she start?
Chapter 3 – Establishing the fundamentals of psychoanalysis
Chapter 4 – What is psychic reality?
Chapter 5 – An insight into children? Chapter 6 – New discoveries, who says?
Conclusions to PART 1
PART 2 – The earliest development – Starting at birth
Chapter 7 – Earlier mechanisms – In and out
Chapter 8 – Experiences and phantasies
Chapter 9 – Who are you? – Ego boundary
Chapter 10 – Depressed?
Chapter 11 – Repairing and caring
Conclusions to PART 2 PART 3 – How crazy can you get?
Chapter 12 -- Splitting of the ego – What destabilises the mind?
Chapter 13 -- Annihilation – who's afraid of going to pieces? Chapter 14 -- Paranoid-schizoid position
Chapter 15 -- Projective identification; he’s not all there
Chapter 16 -- The worst of all vices – envy
Chapter 17 -- Psychotic reality?
Conclusion to PART 3
Part 4 – Beyond basics – Truth
Chapter 18 – Pathological organisations – Who's in the Mafia?
Chapter 19 – Containment
Chapter 20 – Thoughts find a thinker
Chapter 21 - How does it all apply?
Conclusion to PART 4
R. D. Hinshelwood is a British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who has always had a part-time commitment to the public service (NHS and universities) and to teaching psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. He has written on Kleinian psychoanalysis and on the application of psychoanalysis to social science and political themes. He has taken an interest in and published on the problems of making evidence comparisons between different schools of psychoanalysis.
Tomasz Fortuna trained as a psychoanalyst at the Institute of Psychoanalysis in London. He is a member of the British Psychoanalytical Society, the Hanna Segal Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies and the scientific committees of both organisations. He has worked as a psychiatrist for the NHS for over 12 years and currently works at the Portman Clinic, Newham Adolescent Mental Health Team, and is in private psychoanalytic practice. His professional interests include the relationship between psychoanalysis and the arts and the understanding of severe emotional disturbance. He is a guest-editor of Empedocles: European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication.
"If you are looking for a clear and concise introduction to Melanie Klein, this book is for you. It will also be for anyone who wants a succinct overview of Melanie Klein’s contribution to psychoanalysis and her framework of concepts."
-In Mind, The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust