1st Edition

Membrane Distillation Membranes, Hybrid Systems and Pilot Studies

Edited By Kang-Jia Lu, Tai-Shung Chung Copyright 2020
    422 Pages 194 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

              A: Fundamentals

    1. Introduction to Membrane Distillation
    2. Kang-Jia Lu and Tai-Shung Chung

    3. Theoretical Background and Mathematical Modeling of Membrane Distillation
    4. Kang-Jia Lu and Zhen Lei Cheng

    5. Fundamental Principles of Membrane Distillation Membrane Fabrication
    6. Jian Zuo

    7. Design and Fabrication of PVDF Membranes for Membrane Distillation from Industrial Perspectives
    8. Panu Sukitpaneenit

    9. Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes for Membrane Distillation
    10. Jiaxin Guo, Bhaskar Jyoti Deka, and Alicia Kyoungjin An

    11. Dual-Layer and Multibore Membranes for Membrane Distillation
    12. Jian Zuo, Kang-Jia Lu, and Peng Wang

    13. Hydrophobic Modifications of Membranes with Improved Anti-Wetting Resistance
    14. Dieling Zhao

    15. Design of Omniphobic Interfaces for Membrane Distillation
    16. Kang Jia Lu, Yuanmiaoliang Chen, and Tai-Shung Chung

    17. Using Green Solvents to Fabricate Membrane Distillation Membranes
    18. Jian Chang and Tai-Shung Chung

      B: Hybrid Systems

    19. Membrane Distillation Crystallizer
    20. Lin Luo and Tai-Shung Chung

    21. Freeze Desalination-Membrane Distillation Hybrid Systems
    22. Jian Chang, Kang-Jia Lu, Peng Wang, and Tai-Shung Chung

    23. Pressure Retarded Osmosis-Membrane Distillation
    24. Zhen Lei Cheng and Gang Han

    25. Hybrid Forward Osmosis (FO) – MD processes
    26. Liang Shen, Yan Wang, and Sui Zhang

    27. Freeze Desalination-Membrane Distillation-Crystallization (FD-MD-C)

              Kang-Jia Lu, Zhen Lei Cheng, Jian Chang, Lin Luo, and Tai-Shung Chung

             C. Pilots & economic studies

       15. Economic Evaluation of Membrane Distillatioin Systems

             Yong-jun Choi, Sangho Lee

       16. Membrane Distillation for Industrial Water Treatment: Experiences from Pilot Trials

             Mikel C. Duke, Noel Dow


    Dr Kang-Jia Lu is a research fellow at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS). Her PhD and Bachelor (1st honor) were obtained from the same department. Her research interests include membrane fabrication, surface modification, system integration and simulation of various membrane applications, especially membrane distillation (MD). She was the leader of an MD project of S$2,600,880. She has published 11 research articles in Journal of Membrane Science, Environmental Science & Technology and other leading research journals. She also won the Faculty of Engineering 28th Innovation & Research Award of NUS in 2014 and Aseanian Membrane Society 11 New Member Special Award in 2018.

    Prof. Tai-Shung Chung is a Provost’s Chair Professor at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore (NUS). His research focuses on polymeric membranes. After working in US industries for 15 years, he joined NUS in 1995. In 2005-2008, he worked as a Senior Consultant for Hyflux Inc., led and built its membrane research team. He became a Fellow in the Academy of Engineering Singapore in 2012 and received IChemE (Institute of Chemical Engineers, UK) Underwood Medal for exceptional research in separations and Singapore President’s Technology Award in 2015. He was a highly cited researcher in Chemical Engineering & Materials Science and Engineering by the Elsevier and Shanghai Global Ranking in 2016 and received Distinction Award in Water Reuse and Conservation from International Desalination Association (IDA) in 2016. He is also a highly cited researcher in the list of Clarivate Analytics in 2018.