In medieval society and culture, memory occupied a unique position. It was central to intellectual life and the medieval understanding of the human mind. Commemoration of the dead was also a fundamental Christian activity. Above all, the past - and the memory of it - occupied a central position in medieval thinking, from ideas concerning the family unit to those shaping political institutions. Focusing on France but incorporating studies from further afield, this collection of essays marks an important new contribution to the study of medieval memory and commemoration. Arranged thematically, each part highlights how memory cannot be studied in isolation, but instead intersects with many other areas of medieval scholarship, including art history, historiography, intellectual history, and the study of religious culture. Key themes in the study of memory are explored, such as collective memory, the links between memory and identity, the fallibility of memory, and the linking of memory to the future, as an anticipation of what is to come.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction, Elma Brenner, Meredith Cohen and Mary Franklin-Brown; Part I Memory and Images: Images and the work of memory, with special reference to the 6th-century mosaics of Ravenna, Italy, Jean-Claude Schmitt (trans. Marie-Pierre Gelin); ’Images gross and sensible’: violence, memory and art in the 13th century, Martha Easton; Beyond the two doors of memory: intertextualities and intervisualities in 13th-century illuminated manuscripts of the Roman de Troie and the Histoire Ancienne, Rosa MarÃa RodrÃguez Porto. Part II Commemoration and Oblivion: The making of the Carolingian Libri Memoriales: exploring or constructing the past?, Eve-Maria Butz and Alfons Zettler; Status and the soul: commemoration and intercession in the rayonnant chapels of Northern France in the 13th and 14th centuries, Mailan S. Doquang; Ritual excommunication: an ’ars oblivionalis’?, Christian Jaser. Part III Memory, Reading and Performance: The Speculum Maius, between thesaurus and lieu de mémoire, Mary Franklin-Brown; The memory of Roman law in an illuminated manuscript of Justinian’s Digest, Joanna Fronska; ’Quant j’eus tout recordé par ordre’: memory and performance on display in the manuscripts of Guillaume de Machaut’s Voir Dit and Remede de Fortune, Kate Maxwell; Acrostics as copyright protection in the Franco-Italian epic: implications for memory theory, John F. Levy. Part IV Royal and Aristocratic Memory and Commemoration: Changes of aristocratic identity: remarriage and remembrance in Europe 900-1200, Elisabeth van Houts; Longchamp and Lourcine: the role of female abbeys in the construction of Capetian memory (late 13th century to mid-14th century), Anne-Hélène Allirot (trans. Lewis Beer); Louis IX and liturgical memory, M. Cecilia Gaposchkin. Part V Remembering Medieval France: Pierre Loti’s ’memories’ of the Middle Ages: feasting on the Gothic in 1888, Elizabeth Emery; Celebrating the medieval past in modern Cluny: how popular events helpe