This book explores the ways in which medieval Christians sought to memorialize the deceased: with tombs, cenotaphs, altars and other furnishings connected to a real or symbolic burial site.
Reverent memorial for the dead was the inspiration for the production of a significant category of artworks during the Middle Ages - artworks aimed as much at the laity as at the clergy, and intended to maintain, symbolically, the presence of the dead. Memoria, the term that describes the formal, liturgical memory of the dead, also includes artworks intended to house and honour the deceased.
A dozen essays analyze strategies for commemoration from the 4th - 15th century: the means by which human memory could be activated or manipulated through the interaction between monuments, their setting, and the visitor. Building upon from the growing body of literature on memory in the Middle Ages, the collection focuses on the tomb monument and its context as a complex to define what is to be remembered, to fix memory, and to facilitate recollection.
The papers were originally presented at the 1994 meetings of the College Art Association, the International Congresses of Medieval Studies at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, and the University of Leeds, England, in 1995.
Table of Contents
Part I: Memory and images 1. Images and the Work of Memory: The Sixth-Century Mosaics of Ravenna, Italy / Jean-Claude Schmitt (translated from the French by Marie-Pierre Gelin) 2. "Images Gross and Sensible": Violence, Memory and Art in the Thirteenth Century / Martha Easton 3. Beyond the Two Doors of Memory: Intertextualities and Intervisualities in Thirteenth-Century Illuminated Manuscripts of the Roman de Troie and the Histoire Ancienne / Rosa Mariìa Rodriìguez Porto Part II: Commemoration and oblivion 4. The Making of the Carolingian Libri Memoriales : Exploring or Constructing the Past? / Eva-Maria Butz and Alfons Zettler 5. Status and the Soul: Commemoration and Intercession in the Rayonnant Chapels of Northern France in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries / Mailan S. Doquang 6. Ritual Excommunication: An "Ars Oblivionalis"? / Christian Jaser Part III. Memory, Reading and Performance 7. The Speculum Maius, Between Thesaurus and Lieu de Meìmoire / Mary Franklin-Brown 8. The Memory of Roman Law in an Illuminated Manuscript of Justinian's Digest / Joanna Fronska 9. "Quant j'eus tout recordeì par ordre" : Memory and Performance on Display in the Manuscripts of Guillaume de Machaut's Voir Dit and Remede de Fortune / Kate Maxwell 10. Acrostics as Copyright Protection in the Franco-Italian Epic: Implications for Memory Theory / John F. Levy Part IV: Royal and Aristocratic Memory and Commemoration 11. Changes of Aristocratic Identity: Remarriage and Remembrance in Europe 900-1200 / Elisabeth van Houts 12. Longchamp and Lourcine : The Role of Female Abbeys in the Construction of Capetian Memory (Late Thirteenth Century to Mid-Fourteenth Century) / Anne-HeìleÌne Allirot (translated from the French by Lewis Beer) 13. Louis IX and Liturgical Memory / M. Cecilia Gaposchkin Part V. Remembering Medieval France 14. Pierre Loti's "Memories" of the Middle Ages : Feasting on the Gothic in 1888 / Elizabeth Emery 15. Celebrating the Medieval Past in Modern Cluny : How Popular Events Helped Shape Collective Memory for a Small French Town / Janet T. Marquardt 16. "A Mere Patch of Color" : Isabella Stewart Gardner and the Shattered Glass of Reims Cathedral / Shirin Fozi.