Phil Johnson-Laird's theory of mental models has proved to be an influential development in the cognitive sciences. This theory aims to provide a detailed account of both reasoning and inference on the one hand, and language on the other. It can therefore be regarded as a step toward the much-sought-after unified theory of cognition.; This book provides an overview of mental models research. Some of the contributors were collaborators or former graduate students of Johnson-Laird, and between them they cover the main strands of mental models theory. After an appreciation of Johnson-Laird, the book covers topics including language Processing, Reasoning, Inference, The Role Of Emotions, And The Impact Of mental illnesses on thought processes.
Early impressions of a research worker 1963-1980, P. Wason; contextuality, G. Miller; the interpretation of words, P. Tabossi; the other side of mental models - theories of language comprehension, A. Garnham; mental models, propositions and the comprehension of pronouns, R. Stevenson; mental models of children's text comprehension, J. Oakhill; mental models in reasoning and decision-making processes, P. Legrenzi, V. Girotto; models, arguments and decisions, D. Green; compatibility in decisions and in models, E. Shafir; towards a model theory of imaginative thinking, R. rne; Emotions, Rationality, And Informal Reasoning, K. Oatley; The mental health of mental models and the mental models of mental health, M. Power, T. Wykes; applied mental models in human-computer interaction, K. Ehrlich; interaction and mental models of physics phenomena - evidence from dialogues between learners, T. Anderson, C. Howe, A. Tolmie; causality by contact, G. Geminiani, A. Carassa, B. Bara; the blues and the abstract truth - music and mental models, M. Steedman; the model theory of reasoning - current standing and future prospects, J.St.B.T. Evans.