Mercury Hazards to Living Organisms: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Mercury Hazards to Living Organisms

1st Edition

By Ronald Eisler

CRC Press

336 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-03-14
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Description

Complex and ever changing in its forms and functions, the element mercury follows a convoluted course through the environment and up the food chain. The process is complicated further by the fact that the difference between tolerable natural background levels and harmful effects in the environment is exceptionally small and still not completely understood. Written by recognized national and international authority on chemical risk assessment, Ronald Eisler, Mercury Hazards to Living Organisms explores the biological, physical, and chemical properties of mercury and its compounds. Rich in facts and information, the book provides a fundamental look at the issues.

A synthesis of current scientific reviews, the book documents the significance of mercury concentrations in abiotic materials, plants, invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, elasmobranch, fishes, and birds, as well as humans and other mammals. The author reviews historical and current uses and sources of mercury along with its physical, chemical, biological, and biochemical properties. He summarizes mercury transport and speciation processes and analytical techniques for mercury measurement. The book includes coverage of lethality to wildlife, domestic animals, and humans; administration routes and their effects; and sublethal effects such as cancers, birth defects, and chromosomal aberrations.

Reviews

"…This book is a must for experts in chemical risk assessment, and to my knowledge the most comprehensive reference data collection in respect to the question where how much mercury can be found, and how authorities try to evaluate these scenarios regarding ecosystem and human health."

-Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology Department, University of Bayreuth, Germany

Table of Contents

MERCURY SOURCES, USES, PROPERTIES, TRANSPORT, POISONING MECHANISMS, AND TREATMENT

Introduction

References

Mercury Uses and Sources

Uses

Sources

Summary

References

Properties

Physical

Chemical

Biological

Biochemical

Mercury Transport and Speciation

Mercury Measurement

Summary

References

Mercury Poisoning and Treatment

Poisoning

Mercury Treatment

Summary

References

MERCURY CONCENTRATIONS IN FIELD COLLECTIONS OF ABIOTIC MATERIALS, PLANTS, AND ANIMALS

Mercury Concentrations in Abiotic Materials

Air

Coal

Sediments

Sewage Sludge

Snow and Ice

Soils

Water

Summary

References

Mercury Concentrations in Plants and Animals

Algae and Macrophytes

Invertebrates

Elasmobranchs and Bony Fishes

Amphibians and Reptiles

Birds

Humans

Other Mammals

Summary

References

Mercury Concentrations in Abiotic Materials and Multitaxonomic Field Collections

Asia

Brazil

Caribbean Region

Europe

India

North America

Polar Region

Summary

References

LETHAL AND SUBLETHAL EFFECTS OF MERCURY UNDER CONTROLLED CONDITIONS

Lethal Effects of Mercury

Aquatic Organisms

Terrestrial Invertebrates

Reptiles

Birds

Mammals

Summary

References

Sublethal Effects of Mercury

Carcinogenicity, Genotoxicity, and Teratogenicity

Bacteria and Other Microorganisms

Terrestrial Plants

Terrestrial Invertebrates

Aquatic Plants

Aquatic Animals

Birds

Mammals

Summary

References

CASE HISTORIES

Case Histories: Mercury Poisoning in Japan and Other Locations

Minamata, Japan

Niigata Prefecture, Japan

Tokuyama Bay, Japan

Guizhou, China

Faroe Islands

Republic of Seychelles

New Zealand

Ontario, Canada

Summary

References

Case Histories: Mercury Hazards from Gold Mining

History

Ecotoxicological Aspects of Amalgamation

Summary

References

PROPOSED MERCURY CRITERIA, CONCLUDING REMARKS

Proposed Mercury Criteria for Protection of Natural Resources and Human Health

Agricultural Crops

Aquatic Life

Birds

Mammals

Human Health

Summary

References

Concluding Remarks

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General