336 pages | 2 B/W Illus.
Complex and ever changing in its forms and functions, the element mercury follows a convoluted course through the environment and up the food chain. The process is complicated further by the fact that the difference between tolerable natural background levels and harmful effects in the environment is exceptionally small and still not completely understood. Written by recognized national and international authority on chemical risk assessment, Ronald Eisler, Mercury Hazards to Living Organisms explores the biological, physical, and chemical properties of mercury and its compounds. Rich in facts and information, the book provides a fundamental look at the issues.
A synthesis of current scientific reviews, the book documents the significance of mercury concentrations in abiotic materials, plants, invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, elasmobranch, fishes, and birds, as well as humans and other mammals. The author reviews historical and current uses and sources of mercury along with its physical, chemical, biological, and biochemical properties. He summarizes mercury transport and speciation processes and analytical techniques for mercury measurement. The book includes coverage of lethality to wildlife, domestic animals, and humans; administration routes and their effects; and sublethal effects such as cancers, birth defects, and chromosomal aberrations.
"…This book is a must for experts in chemical risk assessment, and to my knowledge the most comprehensive reference data collection in respect to the question where how much mercury can be found, and how authorities try to evaluate these scenarios regarding ecosystem and human health."
-Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology Department, University of Bayreuth, Germany
MERCURY SOURCES, USES, PROPERTIES, TRANSPORT, POISONING MECHANISMS, AND TREATMENT
Mercury Uses and Sources
Mercury Transport and Speciation
Mercury Poisoning and Treatment
MERCURY CONCENTRATIONS IN FIELD COLLECTIONS OF ABIOTIC MATERIALS, PLANTS, AND ANIMALS
Mercury Concentrations in Abiotic Materials
Snow and Ice
Mercury Concentrations in Plants and Animals
Algae and Macrophytes
Elasmobranchs and Bony Fishes
Amphibians and Reptiles
Mercury Concentrations in Abiotic Materials and Multitaxonomic Field Collections
LETHAL AND SUBLETHAL EFFECTS OF MERCURY UNDER CONTROLLED CONDITIONS
Lethal Effects of Mercury
Sublethal Effects of Mercury
Carcinogenicity, Genotoxicity, and Teratogenicity
Bacteria and Other Microorganisms
Case Histories: Mercury Poisoning in Japan and Other Locations
Niigata Prefecture, Japan
Tokuyama Bay, Japan
Republic of Seychelles
Case Histories: Mercury Hazards from Gold Mining
Ecotoxicological Aspects of Amalgamation
PROPOSED MERCURY CRITERIA, CONCLUDING REMARKS
Proposed Mercury Criteria for Protection of Natural Resources and Human Health