Metabolic and Endocrine Physiology: 3rd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Metabolic and Endocrine Physiology

3rd Edition

By Larry Engelking

Teton NewMedia

200 pages

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Paperback: 9781591610465
pub: 2012-08-15
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pub: 2012-08-15
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Description

This book is intended to give readers a “quick look” at metabolic and endocrine physiology. Emphasis is placed on instructional figures, flow diagrams and tables, while text material has been held to a minimum. In general, the endocrine system is first defined and described, and then each endocrine gland is discussed separately. Where appropriate, common endocrine disorders have also been included. This text concisely elucidates the endocrine mechanisms responsible for maintaining homeostatic control of important physiologic variables, and to assist the reader in understanding common pathophysiologic deviations from normal. Over 360 multiple-choice questions gauge the reader’s capacity to effectively understand the subject material.

This new edition contains six new chapters covering: hormone disposition, measurement and secretion; bovine, equine and rodent estrus cycles; primate menstrual cycle; male reproductive system; testosterone, estrogen and progesterone; comparative aspects of endocrinology. Learning objectives have been added at the beginning of each chapter and all of the questions are new.

Table of Contents

Endocrine System

Overview

Endocrine Secretory Control

Autocrine, Paracrine, and Endocrine Mediators

Hormone Disposition, Measurement and Secretion

Production & Distribution Volume,Clearance & Immunoassay

Mechanisms of Catecholamine and Polypeptide Hormone Action: I

Receptors and Second Messengers

Mechanisms of Catecholamine and Polypeptide Hormone Action: II

The Intracellular Ca2+/DG Messenger System

Steroid and Thyroid Hormones

Mechanisms of Action

Hypothalamus and Pituitary

Directors of the Endocrine Orchestra

Proopiomelanocortin and Related Peptides: I

Endogenous Opiate-Like Peptides

Proopiomelanocortin and Related Peptides: II

Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone

Growth Hormone: I

Actions and Secretory Control

Growth Hormone: II

Hypo- and Hypersomatotropism

Antidiuretic Hormone

Vasopressin

Diabetes Insipidus

Central and Nephrogenic

Calcium

Physiologic Actions.

Magnesium and phosphate

Physiologic Actions

Parathormone, Calcitonin, and Vitamin D: I

PTH, PTHrp, and CT

Parathormone, Calcitonin, and Vitamin D: II

CT and 1,25(OH)2D

Disorders of Calcium Homeostasis

Hyper- and Hypocalcemia

Mineral Imbalances: I

Na+, K+, PO43, and Mg2+

Mineral Imbalances: II

Parturient Hypocalcemia and Osteoporosis

ACTH and Glucocorticoids: I

Corticosteroidogenesis and Degradation

ACTH and Glucocorticoids: II

ACTH Secretion and Action

ACTH and Glucocorticoids: III

Organ and Tissue Effects) 46ACTH and Glucocorticoids: IV (Physiologic and Pharmacologic Actions

Cushing's-Like Syndrome and Disease

Glucocorticoid Excess

Mineralocorticoids

Effects on Na+, K+ and H+

Renin-Angiotensin System: I

The Juxtaglomerular Apparatus

Renin-Angiotensin System: II

Hypertension

Addison’s-Like Disease

Hypoadrenocorticism

Erythropoietin

Production and Action

Natriuretic Peptides

ANP, BNP, CNP, and Urodilatin

Adrenal Medulla: I

Catecholamine Biosynthesis and Degradation

Adrenal Medulla: II

Adrenergic Receptors and the Sympathoadrenal Response

Pheochromocytoma

Catecholamine-Secreting Tumor

Phasic Responses to Trauma

Immediate, Catabolic, and Anabolic

Thyroid: I

Hormone Biosynthesis and Secretory Regulation

Thyroid: II

Metabolic Effects of Thyroid Hormones

Hypothyroidism

Signs and Symptoms

Hyperthyroidism

Signs and Symptoms

Endocrine Pancreas: I

The Islets of Langerhans

Endocrine Pancreas: II

Regulation of Insulin Release

Insulin

Actions and Degradation

Glucagon

Biosynthesis and Metabolic Actions

Diabetes Mellitus

The “Pissing Evil"

Acute Insulin Withdrawal: I

Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism

Acute Insulin Withdrawal: II

Protein Metabolism and Electrolyte Depletion

Gastrointestinal Hormones: I

Introduction and Historical Perspective

Gastrointestinal Hormones: II

Gastrins

Gastrointestinal Hormones: III

Gastric HCl Secretion, and CCK

Gastrointestinal Hormones: IV

Secretin and other GI Peptides

APUDomas

Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gut)

Reproductive Endocrinology

Introduction

Estrous Cycles

Types and Phases

Ovine, Canine and Feline Estrous Cycles

Endocrine Parameters

Bovine, Equine and Rodent Estrous Cycles

Endocrine Parameters

Primate Menstrual Cycle

Endocrine Parameters

Menstruation and Regulation of Gonadotropin Release

Control of the GnRH Pulse Generator

Spermatogenesis and Ovulation

Gonadotropin Control

Male Reproductive System

The Testes and Accessory Sex Glands

Testosterone, Estrogen and Progesterone

Biosynthesis, Metabolism and Functions

Pineal Gland: I

Photoperiodic Regulation of Reproductive Events

Pineal Gland: II

Nonreproductive Actions of Melatonin

Placental Hormones

Fertilization, the CL and Placenta

Fetal Endocrine System: I

The Fetoplacental Unit

Fetal Endocrine System: II

Glandular Development

Maternal Endocrine System

Functional Alterations during Pregnancy.

Maternal Organ Systems

Patterns of Change

Mammary Glands

Mammogenesis and Lactation

Prolactin

Secretory Control and Physiologic Actions

Oxytocin

Physiologic Actions

Neonatal Physiology: I

Thermal, Nutritional, and Cardiovascular Adaptations)

Neonatal Physiology: II

Organ System Development

Comparative Aspects of Endocrinology

Appendix

Blood Chemistry Values for Domestic Animals

Reproductive Patterns of Domestic Animals

Basic Physiological Units

Learning Objectives,

Study Questions and Answers

References

Index

Contents

About the Series

Quick Look Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED089020
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / Food Animal