Metal Contaminated Aquatic Sediments: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Metal Contaminated Aquatic Sediments

1st Edition

By Herbert E. Allen

CRC Press

350 pages

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Hardback: 9781575040103
pub: 1996-01-01
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Description

Over the past decade the sediments of many rivers, lakes, and estuaries have been contaminated by inorganic and organic materials. Contaminants from sediments, under certain conditions, can be released into overlying waters. Thus, sediments may be an important source of contaminants to waters in which littoral and atmospheric contaminants have been reduced or eliminated.

Often found in aquatic sediments, metals are exposed to many reactions, such as sorption and precipitation, and are greatly influenced by the redox conditions in the sediment. The reactions - usually over a period of time - reflect biotic processing as well as chemical transformations. This book describes these important processes.

Metal Contaminated Aquatic Sediments outlines advances in environmental chemistry, effective new modeling techniques, applications for biological treatment, and cycling and transport of trace metals in sedimentary environments.

Each chapter contains a detailed reference section that draws upon a stunning array of sources. The book includes many figures and tables that illustrate the process under discussion.

Features

Reviews

"There should be considerable interest in this volume. It gave me a much better appreciation of redox cycles and acid volatile sulfides."

- SETAC News

Promo Copy

Table of Contents

Metals and Sediments: A Global Perspective, A. J. de Groot

Introduction

Development of Metal Research with Respect to Pollution

The History of Metal Pollution

Normalization of Measurement Results

Mobilization of Metals

Civil Engineering and Metal Problems

Terrestrial Consequences of Metal Pollution

Speciation and Quality Criteria

Management of Dredged Materials

References

Metal Cycling in Surface Sediments: Modeling the Interplay of Transport and Reaction, P. Van Cappellan and Y. Wang

Introduction

Surface Sediments

Mathematical and Numerical Theory

A Model for Iron and Manganese in Sediments

Simulations

Conclusions

References

Trace Metal Chemistry in Porewaters, G.W. Luther, III

Introduction

Experimental

Mineral Formation and Dissolution Process

Factors Governing Metal Speciation in Porewaters

Conclusion

References

Metal Adsorption onto and Desorption From Sediments, I. Rates

Introduction

Multiple Reactions

Data Calculation and Plotting

Results

Theses Concerning Cationic Metal Adsorption and Desorption

Summary

References

Metal and Silicate Sorption and Subsequent Mineral Formation on Bacterial Surfaces: Subsurface Implications, S. Schultze-Lam, M. Urrutia-Mera, and T. Beveridge

Introduction

Bacterial Structure and Cell Surface Chemistry

Biofilms

Metal Ion Binding by Bacterial Cells

Mineral Formation on Bacterial Cells

Metal Ion Transport and the Immobilization of Toxic Heavy Metals

References

Determination of Redox Status in Sediments, T. Grundl

Introduction

Redox Intensity in Ideal Systems

Redox Intensity in Disequilibrium Systems

Redox Intensity in Natural Systems

Alternate Techniques to Measure Redox Intensity

Redox Capacity in Ideal Systems

Redox Capacity in Disequilibrium Systems

Alternate Methods of Describing Redox Status

Summary

References

Changes in Metal Speciation Following Alteration of Sediment Redox Status, J.H. Pardue and W.H. Patrick, Jr

Dynamics of Trace Metal Interactions with Authigenic Sulfide Minerals in Anoxic Sediments, J.W. Morse

Introduction

Overview of Sulfide Chemistry in Anoxic Sediments

Trace Metal Interactions with Pyrite

Trace Metal Interactions with Mackinawite

Summary and Discussion

References

Effects of Bioturbation on Solute and Particle Transport in Sediments, G. Matisoff

Introduction

Example Studies

Suggestions for Future Research

References

EPA's Contaminated Sediment Management Strategy, T.M. Armitage

Introduction

Existing Statutory and Regulatory Authority to Manage Contaminated Sediment

Strategy for Assessing Sediment Contamination

Strategy for Preventing Sediment Contamination

Strategy for Abating and Controlling Sources of Sediment Contamination

Remediation and Enforcement Strategy

Strategy for Dredged Material Management

Research Strategy

Outreach Strategy

References

Subject Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science