Metrical Psalmody in Print and Practice
English 'Singing Psalms' and Scottish 'Psalm Buiks', c. 1547-1640
During the Reformation, the Book of Psalms became one of the most well-known books of the Bible. This was particularly true in Britain, where people of all ages, social classes and educational abilities memorized and sang poetic versifications of the psalms. Those written by Thomas Sternhold and John Hopkins became the most popular, and the simple tunes developed and used by English and Scottish churches to accompany these texts were carried by soldiers, sailors and colonists throughout the English-speaking world. Among these tunes were a number that are still used today, including ’Old Hundredth’, ’Martyrs’, and ’French’. This book is the first to consider both English and Scottish metrical psalmody, comparing the two traditions in print and practice. It combines theological literary and musical analysis to reveal new and ground-breaking connections between the psalm texts and their tunes, which it traces in the English and Scottish psalters printed through 1640. Using this new analysis in combination with a more thorough evaluation of extant church records, Duguid contends that Britain developed and maintained two distinct psalm cultures, one in England and the other in Scotland.
Timothy Duguid holds a PhD in Music history from the University of Edinburgh. He worked for three years as the research assistant for the celebrated Wode Psalter Project at the University of Edinburgh, and he is currently a researcher for the Initiative for Digital Humanities, Media, and Culture at Texas A&M University.
’Duguid’s book is a timely and important study of the development, publication and performance practice of metrical psalmody in both Scotland and England. Significantly, it demonstrates the similarities and differences in the two parallel but distinct traditions, and shows that attempts to bring the two together were fervently resisted - on both sides. Duguid also traces the spread and development of metrical psalmody in mainland Europe and in the New World, a new genre brought by those fleeing religious persecution in Scotland and England. Timothy Duguid’s Metrical Psalmody will appeal to scholars of liturgical song and church historians in style, content and structure, and dispel some myths about the tradition its author reconsiders, rather than seeks to reinvigorate’. Australian Journal of Liturgy 'Metrical Psalmody in Print and Practice is a fantastic voyage through the first century of Protestant psalm traditions on the English Isle. Duguid's work is meticulous and his love of the subject is evident on every page. His arguments are well made, his evidence well presented, and the text to tune musical analyses are relevant and insightful. This is certainly a must read for anyone interested in the traditions of metrical psalmody and clearly an important addition to the literature in the field'. Journal of the Association of Anglican Musicians ’... this book makes stunning progress in research on popular psalmody, and is likely to stimulate others to explore this highly complex field. Nicholas Temperley, Music and Letters