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Microbiome a promising and fascinating subject in the modern Biology. It integrates the microbial communities in human, animal, plant and environment. In human, the microbiota associated with gut, skin, genital organs, oral and respiratory organs. Plant microbial community is referred as ‘holobiont’ exerted in maintenance and health of the plants further it influenced its role in the animal health and environment.
The contents of the Microbiome and Host Interactions book covered all area and new research trends in the fields of plant, animal, human and environmental microbiomes and their interactions. This book covered the details about the microbiome in soil environment to polar (Antartic) microbiota, microbiome role in health and disease, microbiota functions in Caenorhabditis elegans, mycobiome in agroecosystem, rice root and actinorhizal root nodule microbiome, speleothems, microbiome of marine shallow water hydrothermal vents.
Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on advanced Next-Generation DNA sequencing, metagenomic techniques, high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing and understand nucleic acid sequence data from fungal, algal, viral, bacterial, cyanobacterial, actinobacterial and archaeal communities using QIIME software (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology).
- Summarize the recent insight in the Microbiome and host interactions in distinct habitat including antarctic, hydrothermal vents water, speleothems, oral, skin, gut, feces, reproductive tract, soil, root, root nodules, forest and mangroves.
- Illustrates the high-throughput amplicon sequencing, computational techniques involved in the microbiota analysis, downstream analysis and visualization, multivariate analysis commonly used for microbiome analysis.
- Describe the probiotics and prebiotics in the composition of the gut microbiota, skin microbiome impact in dermatologic disease prevention, microbial communities in the reproductive tract of human and animals.
- Information presented in a reachable way for valuable to students, teachers, researchers, microbiologists, computational biologist and other professionals who interested to strengthen and enlarge their knowledge about microbiome analysis by with Next-Generation DNA Sequencing in different branches of sciences.
Table of Contents
An insights of Microbiome science
Savitha, T, A. Sankaranarayanan, Ashraf Y. Z. Khalifa
Section 1: Omics and Computational techniques used for microbiome analysis
Multi-Omics: Overview, Challenges and Applications
Sushant Parab, Federico Bussolino
Computational techniques use for microbial diversity analysis.
Dattatray S. Mongad, Nikeeta S. Chavan and Yogesh S. Shouche
Downstream analysis and Visualization - knowledge discovery - Alpha and Beta diversity
Murali Sankar Perumal and Shreedevasena Sakthibalan
Biostatistics including multivariate analysis commonly used for microbiome analysis
Section 2: Human Microbiome
Structure and functional role of microbiome associated with specific organs of healthy individuals
Shanmugaraj Gowrishankar, Arumugam Kamaladevi and Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian
Structure and function of healthy human microbiome: Role in health and disease
Sunil Banskar and Shrikant Bhute
Human microbiome’s role in disease
Sahab Ram and Yogesh Shouche
Role of Human Gut Microbiome in Health and disease
Nazar Reehana, Mohamed Yousuff Mohamed Imran, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran
The role of probiotics and prebiotics in the composition of the gut microbiota and their influence on inflammatory bowel disease, obesity and diabetes
Rafael Resende Maldonado, Ana Lúcia Alves Caram, Daniela Soares de Oliveira, Eliana Setsuko Kamimura, Mônica Roberta Mazalli and Elizama Aguiar-Oliveira
Skin Microbiome, its Impact on Dermatologic Diseases and Intervention of Probiotics
Mitesh Dwivedi, Firdosh Shah, Prashant S. Giri
Role of dysregulation of the human oral and gastrointestinal microbiome in chronic inflammatory disease
Diana R. Cundell and Manuela Tripepi
Microbiome in women Reproductive Health
Anchana Devi .C, Dr. Ramani Devi. T, Pavithra Amritkumar
Crosstalk between bacteria and host immune system with special emphasis to foodborne pathogens
A.A.P. Milton, G.B. Priya, M. Angappan, S. Ghatak, V. Joshi
Section 3: Animal Microbiome
Reproductive tract microbiome in animals: Physiological versus pathological condition
Vikram R., Vivek Joshi, A. P. Milton, M. H. Khan, K P Biam
Community structures of faecal actinobacteria in Animal Gastrointestinal system
Selvanathan Latha, and Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran
Microbiota functions in Caenorhabditis elegans
Arun Kumar , Somarani Dash and Mojibur R. Khan
Impact of microbial communities in the female reproductive tract of bovine
M.Srinivasan, J. Helan Chandra, M.S. Murugan, C. Manikkaraja, D.Dhanasekaran, G.Archunan
Section 4: Plant Microbiome
Insights into the structure, function, and dynamics of rice root and rhizosphere-associated microbiome
Mangrove ecosystem and microbiome
Snehal O. Kulkarni and Yogesh S. Shouche
Role of Mycobiome in agroecosystem
Ahmed Abdul Haleem Khan
Root Nodule Microbiome from Actinorhizal Casuarina plant
Narayanasamy Marappa, Dhanasekaran Dharumadurai and Thajuddin Nooruddin
Growth promoting utility of plant microbiome
S.Kalaiselvi and A.Panneerselvam
Section 4: Environmental Microbiome
Speleothems-secondary mineral deposits microbiome
Microbiome of Marine Shallow Water Hydrothermal Vents
Raju Rajasabapathy, ChellandiMohandass, A. Colaço, Rathinam Arthur James
R. Rajasabapathy and R. Arthur James
Diversity and bioprospecting potentials of Antarctic (polar) Microbes
Abirami B, K. Manigundan, M. Radhakrishnan, V. Gopikrishnan, PV. Bhaskar, T. Shanmugasundaram and Syed G Dastager
Alterations in microbial community structure and function in response to azo dyes
Sandhya Nanjani and Hareshkumar Keharia
Govindan Nadar Rajivgandhia, Vimala RTV, Govindan Ramachandranc, Natesan Manoharanc, Wen-Jun Lia, d
Dr. Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran is working as an Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India. He has experience in fields of actinobacteriology and mycology. His current research focus is microbiomeprofiling of actinorhizal root nodules, lichen, poultry gut,cattle’sreproductive system. He has awarded UGC-Raman Post-Doctoral Fellowship and worked in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA. He has qualified the Tamil Nadu State Eligibility Test (SET) for Lectureship in Life Science. He has deposited around 106 nucleotide sequences and 7 metagenome sequences, draft genome sequence of Blastococcus sp. CT_GayMR20in Gen Bank, 5 bioactive compounds in Pubchem, published 105 research and review articles including one paper in Nature Group Journal Scientific Report and 23 Book chapters. He has h-index of 24 with total citation of 1868 as per Google scholar. He has edited 7 books on Antimicrobial compounds: Synthetic and Natural compounds, Microbial control of Vector borne Diseases, Fermented Food products, CRC press, Tailor & Francis Group, New York, Fungicides for Plant and Animal Diseases, Actinobacteria: Basics and Biotechnological applications, Algae-Organisms for Imminent Biotechnology, Microbial Biofilms- Importance and Applications under In-tech open access publisher, Eastern Europe. He has guided 12Ph.D candidates and organized several national level symposia, conference and workshop programs. He received research funding from Department of Biotechnology, University Grant Commission, Indian Council for Medical research, and International foundation for Science, Sweden, International Society for Microbial Ecology, The Netherlands, Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology. He is member in American Society for Microbiology, North American Mycology Association, Mycological Society of India, National Academy of Biological Sciences, Society for Alternatives to Animal Experiments and member in editorial boards in National, International Journals, Doctoral committee member, Board of study member in Microbiology and Reviewer in the scientific Journals and research grants. As per the reports of Indian J. of Experimental Biology, 51, 2013, Dr. DharmaduraiDhanasekaran is rated in second position among the top five institutions in the field of Actinobacteria research in India.
Dr. Dhiraj Paul, is currently working as Scientist at National Center for Microbial Resources (NCMR-NCCS), Pune. Previously he was a young scientist (DST, Govt. of India Fast-track fellowship) in Microbial Ecology Laboratory, NCCS, Pune, India. He is awarded Ph.D from Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, IIT Kharagpur, India. He has published his findings in reputed journals like mSystems, AEM, Bioresource Technology, PLOS One, Geomicrobiology, Water research, Frontiers in Microbiology, Microbiology etc. He also edited book and authors of a number of book chapters of CRC press and springer. He has an excellent expertise on microbial ecology, geomicrobiology, microbial diversity and metagenomics. He has bagged an AMI young scientist award, DST young scientist and a number of fellowships (CSIR, GATE, DBT) in life sciences. Presently, he is working on microbial ecology of hypersalineLonar Lake ecosystem, deep biosphere and human microbiome using multi omics approaches.
Dr. N. Amaresanis an Assistant Professor at C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, UkaTarsadia University, Gujarat. He has over fifteen years of experience in teaching & research and made several original and novel discoveries, especially in various allied fields of microbiology mainly plant-microbe interactions, bioremediation, plant pathology and others. For his original discoveries on agriculturally important microorganisms he has been awarded young scientist awards by Association of Microbiologists of India and National Academy of Biological Sciences. He also been awarded visiting scientist fellowship from National Academy of India to learn advanced techniques and Early Career Research Award by Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India.He has handled many funded projects sponsored by DST, DBT, GEMI etc. He has published more than 70 research articles and books of national and international reputes. He also deposited over 500 bacterial 16S rDNA and fungal ITS rDNA sequences in the Genbank (NCBI, EMBL & DDBJ) and also preserved over 150 microbial germplasm in various culture collection centres of India.
Dr.A.Sankaranarayanan is associated with C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, UkaTarsadia University, Surat of Gujarat state of India from 2015 onwards. He has experience in the fields of fermented food products, Antimicrobial activity of herbal and nano particles against MDR pathogens. His current research focus is on microbes in fermented food products, removal of bacteria from food by Dielectrophoresis. He has published 18 chapters in books, 50 research articles in International and National journals of repute and he has authored 6 books which published by International publishers, guided 5 Ph.Ds and 16 M.Phil., scholars and operated 5 external funded projects and two Institute funded projects. From 2002 -2015, he worked as an Assistant Professor & Head, Department of Microbiology, K.S.R. College of Arts & Science, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu. He has awarded with Indian Academy of Sciences (IASc), National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and The National Academy of Sciences (TNAS) sponsored summer research fellowship for young teachers consecutively for three years. His name is included as a Mentor in DST-Mentors/Resource persons for summer/winter camps and other INSPIRE initiatives, Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, New Delhi. He is a Grant reviewer in British Society of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC), UK. He has involved himself in the organization of various National / International seminars / Symposia. He is actively involved as an Editor / Editorial board members in journals and reviewers in various International / National reputed journals and acted as an external examiners to adjudicate the Ph.D., thesis of various Universities in India.
Dr.Yogesh Shouche is currently working as a Senior Scientist and Head of the National Centre for Microbial Resource (NCMR) at National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS), Pune India. He has research experience of 28 years in the field of microbial ecology, microbial molecular taxonomy and biodiversity. He has to his credit more than 330 publications in reputed journals of relevant area and has been the editor and reviewer of publications in journals like FEMS Ecology, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Microbial Ecology and others. He and his team actively working on the Human microbiome, the role of gut microbial community in healthy individuals and Indian population.