Microplastics in Marine Ecosystem : Sources, Risks, Mitigation Technologies, and Challenges book cover
1st Edition

Microplastics in Marine Ecosystem
Sources, Risks, Mitigation Technologies, and Challenges



  • Available for pre-order on April 20, 2023. Item will ship after May 11, 2023
ISBN 9781032319308
May 11, 2023 Forthcoming by CRC Press
272 Pages 40 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book addresses pertinent issues relating to microplastic pollution including its sources and sink of the microplastics and their environmental fate. It focusses on the impacts of microplastic pollution on the marine life and human health. Available conventional methods and future solution for the prevention and control of the marine microplastic pollution, such as bacterial and marine fungus biodegradation, membrane technology and bioengineered microbes are included along with limitations and future challenges.

Features:

  • Provides detailed insight into the marine microplastics pollution, fate, health impacts, and removal technology.
  • Reviews ecological risks and environmental fate of microplastic pollution to the marine ecosystem.
  • Describes control and prevention methods of the microplastics pollution.
  • Covers global legislature for the mitigation of microplastic to the marine environment.
  • Discusses role of community participation for the reduction of microplastic emissions.

This book is aimed at researchers and professionals in environmental engineering, science, and chemistry, marine pollution, marine and aquatic science.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Sources and Sink of Microplastics
1.1 What are Microplastics?
1.2 What are the Significant Emission Pathways of Microplastics into the Environment?
1.3 Sink of Microplastics: Where do Microplastics Accumulate?
1.4 How are Source and Target Regions Interrelated?
1.5 Relation between Microplastics Properties and Transport
1.6 Is Microplastic a Persistent Pollutant?
1.7 Global Trend
Summary
References

Chapter 2 Analytical Methods for the Identification and Assessment of Microplastics
2.1 Sampling
2.2 Separation of Microplastics from Samples
2.3 Preprocessing
2.4 Identification
2.5 Assuring Quality in Microplastic Monitoring
Summary
References

Chapter 3 Ecological Risks and Environmental Fate of Microplastic Pollution
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Plastics Used in the Marine Environment
3.3 Microplastics in the Marine Ecosystem
3.4 Ecological Risks of the Microplastics to Marine Life
3.5 Nanoplastics in the Oceans
3.6 Effects of Microplastics on the Environment
3.7 Major Gaps in the Current Knowledge
3.8 Perspectives for Future Studies
Summary
References

Chapter 4 Human Health Impacts of Microplastics Pollution
4.1 Human Exposure to Microplastic Pollution
4.2 Microplastics Presence in Seafood
4.3 Nanoplastics Presence in Food
4.4 Food Security
4.5 Toxicity to Humans
4.6 Microplastics as a Potential Source of Human Pathogens in the Marine Environment
4.7 Effects of Microplastics on Human Health
4.8 Epidemiology
4.9 Control Measures
Summary
References

Chapter 5 Biodegradation of Microplastics by Microbes
5.1 Microorganisms involved in microplastic degradation
5.2 Mechanisms involved in the biodegradation of microplastics using microorganisms
5.3 Use of bacterial biofilms in microplastics degradation
5.4 Factors affecting the application
5.5 Future prospects
Summary
References

Chapter 6 Potential Removal of the Microplastics in Marine Environment by Membrane Technology: Limitations and Future Solutions
6.1 Use of Membrane Technology to Address Microplastic Pollution
6.2 How membrane Technology can Reduce Microplastics in Marine Environment?
6.3 Reuse and Recycling of Polymeric Membranes or Bioreactors
6.4 Examples
6.5 Limitations of Current Methods and Infrastructure
6.6 Future Solutions and Scope
Summary
References

Chapter 7 Recent Bioengineering Advances in the Plastic Biodegradation and Future Challenges
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Bioengineering of the Microbes for the Enzymes that Degrade Natural Polymers
7.3 Bioengineering of the Microbes for the Production of Biopolymers
7.4 Future Research Directions
Summary
References

Chapter 8 Biopolymers as an Alternative to the Conventional Plastics
8.1 What are Biopolymers?
8.1.1 Why biopolymers are needed?
8.2 Biopolymers
8.3 Biodegradability and Compostability
8.4 Microbes as the Source of Biopolymers
8.5 Plants as the Source of Biopolymers
8.6 Products based on Biopolymers Currently in Market
8.7 Future Prospects and Limitations to Overcome
Summary
References

Chapter 9 Global Legislature for the mitigation of Microplastic to the Marine Environment
9.1 International Regulatory Bodies and Regulations
9.2 Regional Regulatory Bodies and Regulations
9.3 Regulatory Bodies and Regulations in India
9.4 Impact of the Consumer Voice and Behavior on the Policy Developments
9.5 Impact of the Industrial Practices on the Polices Framework
9.6 Need to Prioritize and Change Regulations based on Innovations and Impact on Marine Environment
9.7 Conclusions and Future Outlook
Summary
References

Chapter 10 Role of Community Participation for the Reduction of Microplastic Emissions
10.1 Why Reduction of Microplastic Emissions Important?
10.2 How Community Participation can Reduce Microplastic Emissions
10.3 Improving Production Efficiency of Plastic Products
10.4 Reducing Microplastics through Proper Disposal of  Plastics Waste
10.5 Recycling
10.6 Recommendations
10.7 The Way Ahead
Summary
References

Chapter 11 Recent Cutting-edge Solutions to Prevent Microplastics Pollution
11.1 Prevention Technologies
11.2 Collection Technologies
Summary
References

 

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Shobhika Parmar is Ph.D. in Environment Science from G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India. She recently served as a Postdoctoral Researcher in Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China. She also received the Yunnan Provincial Government Funding in China (2019). She has more than eleven years of research experience, focused on environmental issues and problems, remediation strategies. She has about 25 publications in journals of international repute and book chapters in edited books. She is also the co-editor of four edited books.

Dr. Vijay Kumar Sharma received his Ph.D. degree from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India and completed two years of Post-Doctoral Research in Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China. Currently, he is serving as a visiting scientist at Agricultural Research Organization - Volcani Centre, Israel. He has more than fourteen years of research experience. His research interest is in the bio-potential applications of endophytes and their mechanism. He also has a keen interest in emerging environmental issues and mitigation, and works on few collaborative projects on the same area. Dr. Sharma has published more than 50 research articles and book chapters in journals of international, and edited four books. He is also active as a reviewer and guest editor of some reputed journals. He has also actively participated in many national and international conferences, symposia and workshops related to his research field in India, China and Cyprus.

Dr. Vir Singh is currently serving as an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Environmental Science, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India. He has more than three decades experience in teaching, research, extension, project execution, and research supervision. He has been educated and trained in many universities and institutes in India and has also worked with many reputed organizations outside India, including International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) based in Kathmandu, Nepal, Galilee International Management Institute (GIMI) in Israel, and Friedrich-Schiller University in Germany. Prof. Vir Singh has published 55 books, many monographs, lab manuals, and more than 250 research papers, book chapters, and popular articles. His textbook on Environmental Plant Physiology (Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 2020) brings to the fore a botanical strategy for a climate-smart planet. He is also a Climate Reality Leader committed to creating awareness about the ongoing climate change and its long-term implications on every walk of life. He is also actively engaged in environmental writing. His articles on vital contemporary issues are being widely published in English and Hindi dailies and e-magazines.