Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology: Advances, Techniques, and Practice, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology

Advances, Techniques, and Practice, 1st Edition

By Peter G. Wells, Kenneth Lee, Christian Blaise

CRC Press

720 pages

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Description

Bioassays are among the ecotoxicologist's most effective weapons in the evaluation of water quality and the assessment of ecological impacts of effluents, chemicals, discharges, and emissions on the aquatic environment. Information on these assessment aids is needed throughout the international scientific and environmental management community. This comprehensive reference provides an excellent overview of the small-scale aquatic bioassay techniques and applications currently in use around the world.

This special volume is the result of several years of collaboration between Environment Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Internationally recognized research scientists at many institutions have contributed to this state-of-the-art examination of the exciting, environmentally important field of microscale testing in aquatic toxicology.

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology contains over forty chapters covering relevant principles, new techniques and recent advancements, and applications in scientific research, environmental management, academia, and the private sector.

Table of Contents

PART ONE: INTRODUCTION

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology: Introduction, Historical Perspective, and Context, C. Blaise, P.G. Wells, and K. Lee

PART TWO: MICROSCALE TESTING AT VARIOUS BIOLOGICAL AND PHYLOGENETIC LEVELS

Biochemical Assays

Immunoassays: Applications for the Aquatic Environment, A. Dankwardt, S. Pullen, and B. Hock

Environmental Applications with Submitochondrial Particles, H.W. Read, J.M. Harkin, and K.E. Gustavson

Bioassays to Measure MFO Inducers in Effluents, P.V. Hodson, J. Sherry, and J. Parrott

Enzyme Inhibition for Examination of Toxic Effects in Aquatic Systems, U. Obst, A. Wessler, and M. Weigand-Rosinus

Tissue Culture Assays

Sponge Cells and Tissue as Biological Monitors of Aquatic Pollution, W.E.G. Müller and I.M. Müller

The Use of Fish Cells in the Toxicological Evaluation of Environmental Contaminants, F. Denizeau

In Vitro Assays for Detection of Non-Genotoxic Carcinogens, M.J. Durand, V. Cruciani, S. Alexandre, J.C. Hoflack, H. Bessi, C. Blaise, and P. Vasseur

Bacteria

Microbial Enzyme Assays for the Detection of Heavy Metal Toxicity, G. Bitton and J.L. Morel

ATP-TOX System - A Review, H.H. Xu

Luminescent Bacterial Biosensors for the Rapid Detection of Toxicants, S.F. Briscoe, J. Cai, and M.S. DuBow

Stress-Responsive Luminous Bacteria for Toxicity and Genotoxicity Monitoring, S. Belkin

Microtox® Toxicity Test Systems - Where They Stand Today, A. Qureshi, A.A. Bulich, and D. Isenberg

Microtox® Toxicity Test System - New Developments and Applications, B.T. Johnson

Measurement of Microbial Exoenzyme Activity in Sediments for Environmental Impact Assessment, K. Lee and K.L. Tay

Small-Scale In Vitro Genotoxicity Tests for Bacteria and Invertebrates, P.D. Hansen and A. Herbert

Microalgae

Recent Advances in Toxicity Test Methods Using Kelp Gametophytes. B.S. Anderson, J.W. Hunt, and W. Piekarski

Microplate Toxicity Tests with Micro-Algae: A Review, C. Blaise, J.-F. Férard, and P. Vasseur

Ecophysiological Considerations in Microalgal Toxicity Tests, C. Nalewajko and M.M. Olaveson

Development and First Validation of a "Stock-Culture Free" Algal Microbiotest: The Algaltoxkit, G. Persoone

Protozoa

Ciliated Protozoa as Test Organisms in Toxicity Assessments, G.L. Gilron and D.H. Lynn

Development of a Protozoan Chemoattraction Inhibition Assay for Evaluating Toxicity of Aquatic Pollutants, S.G. Berk and R.O. Roberts

Ciliate Microbiotest Applications: Metal Contaminants in Water and Soil, J.R. Pratt, D.G. Mochan, and N.J. Bowers

Invertebrates

Utility and Practical Considerations for In Vitro Developmental Toxicity Testing: Hydra and FETAX Assays, E.M. Johnson

Microscale Bioassays for Corals, M. Branton

The Use of Larvae and Small Species of Polychaetes in Marine Toxicological Testing, D. J. Reish

Development of a Canadian Marine Toxicity Test for Whole Sediment Using Cultured Spionid Polychaetes, P. Pocklington and K.G. Doe

Microscale Toxicity Testing with Rotifers, T.W. Snell and C.R. Janssen

Recent Advances in Microscale Toxicity Testing with Marine Mollusks, J.W. Hunt, B.S. Anderson, and B.M. Phillips

Development and Validation of Toxkit Microbiotests with Invertebrates, in Particular Crustaceans, G. Persoone

Death by Mud: Amphipod Sediment Toxicity Tests, P.M. Chapman

Physiological Dysfunction in Estuarine Mysids and Larval Decapods with Chronic Pesticide Exposure, C.L. McKenney

Teleosts and Amphibians

Aquatic Testing with Early Life Stages of Killifish, J.S. Weis and P. Weis

Genetoxicity in Fish Embryos, A. Herbert and P.-D. Hansen

Genotoxicity Tests in Amphibians: A Review, V. Ferrier, L. Gauthier, C. Zoll-Moreux, and J. L'Haridon

Multi-Trophic Assessment in Practice

Marine and Estuarine Porewater Toxicity Testing, R.S. Carr

Correspondence of a Microscale Toxicity Test to Responses to Toxicants in Natural Systems, J. Cairns, B.R. Niederlehner, and E.P. Smith

Role of Microbiotests in Contaminated Sediment Assessment Batteries, P. Ross

PART THREE: VALIDATION, APPLICATIONS, AND TRAINING WITH MICROSCALE TESTING

The Influence of Particle Size, Ammonia, and Sulfide on Toxicity of Dredged Materials for Ocean Disposal, K.L. Tay, K.G. Doe, A.J. MacDonald, and K. Lee

Oil Spill Treating Agents: Present Knowledge and Toxicity Testing Needs, A.J. Mearns

The Development, Validation, and Analysis of Salmonella Mutagenicity Test Methods for Environmental Situations, L.D. Claxton

Investigating the Sources and Fate of Genotoxic Substances in Aquatic Ecosystems with the SOS Chromotest, P.A. White and C. Cóté

The Development and Application of Sediment Toxicity Tests for Regulatory Purposes, M.G. Nipper

PART FOUR: THE FUTURE - RESEARCH CHALLENGES

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology: Conclusions and Future Directions, K. Lee, P.G. Wells, and C. Blaise

Glossary

Indexes

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology