Microwave Engineering : Concepts and Fundamentals book cover
1st Edition

Microwave Engineering
Concepts and Fundamentals

ISBN 9781138072428
Published March 29, 2017 by CRC Press
800 Pages 543 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Detailing the active and passive aspects of microwaves, Microwave Engineering: Concepts and Fundamentals covers everything from wave propagation to reflection and refraction, guided waves, and transmission lines, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying principles at the core of microwave engineering. This encyclopedic text not only encompasses nearly all facets of microwave engineering, but also gives all topics—including microwave generation, measurement, and processing—equal emphasis. Packed with illustrations to aid in comprehension, the book:

  • Describes the mathematical theory of waveguides and ferrite devices, devoting an entire chapter to the Smith chart and its applications
  • Discusses different types of microwave components, antennas, tubes, transistors, diodes, and parametric devices
  • Examines various attributes of cavity resonators, semiconductor and RF/microwave devices, and microwave integrated circuits
  • Addresses scattering parameters and their properties, as well as planar structures including striplines and microstrips
  • Considers the limitations of conventional tubes, behavior of charged particles in different fields, and the concept of velocity modulation

Based on the author’s own class notes, Microwave Engineering: Concepts and Fundamentals consists of 16 chapters featuring homework problems, references, and numerical examples. PowerPoint® slides and MATLAB®-based solutions are available with qualifying course adoption.

Table of Contents



Microwave Frequency Bands


Components of Microwave System


Health Hazards

Fundamentals of Wave Propagation

Basic Equations and Parameters

Nature of Media

Wave in Lossless Media

Wave in Lossy Media

Conductors and Dielectrics


Depth of Penetration

Surface Impedance

Poynting Theorem

Reflection and Refraction

Direction Cosines, Wavelength and Phase Velocity

Classification of the Cases of Reflection

Normal Incidence Cases

Oblique Incidence

Parallel Plane Guide

Transverse Waves

Characteristics of TE and TM Waves

Transverse Electromagnetic Waves

Wave Impedances

Attenuation in the Walls of Parallel Plane Guide

Transmission Lines

Equations Governing Transmission Line Behaviour

Lossless RF and UHF Lines with Different Terminations

Reflection Phenomena

Resonance Phenomena in Line Sections

Quality Factor of a Resonant Section

UHF Lines as Circuit Elements

Applications of Transmission Lines

Types of Transmission Lines

Coaxial Cables

Limitations of Different Guiding Structures


Interrelation between Transmission Line and Waveguide

Rectangular Waveguide

Circular Waveguide

Dielectric Waveguides

Physical Interpretation of Wave Terminology

Relative Merits of Waveguides

Limitations of Waveguides

Cavity Resonators

Shapes and Types of Cavities

Cavity Formation

Fields in Cavity Resonators

Quality Factor

Coupling Mechanism

Tuning Methods

Advantages and Applications

Dielectric Resonators

Microwave Ferrite Devices


Faraday’s Rotation

Non-Reciprocal Ferrite Devices

Ferrite Phase Shifter

Ferrite Attenuators

Ferrite Switches

YIG Filters

Figures of Merit of Ferrite Devices

Smith Chart

Characteristic Parameters of a Uniform Transmission Line

Polar Chart

Smith Chart for Impedance Mapping

Smith Chart for Admittance Mapping

Information Imparted by Smith Chart

Advantages of Smith Chart

Smith Chart for Lossless Transmission Lines

Stub Matching


Microwave Components

Waveguides and Its Accessories

Input–Output Methods in Waveguides

Coaxial to Waveguide Adapter

Waveguide Junctions

Directional Couplers

Waveguide Terminations


Impedance Matching


Phase Shifters

Microwave Filters



Mode Suppressors

Scattering Parameters

Properties of Scattering Matrices

Scattering Parameters for Networks with Different Ports

Nature of Networks

Types of s-Parameters

Scattering Matrices for Some Commonly Used Microwave Components

Electrical Properties of 2-Port Networks

s-Parameters and Smith Chart

Scattering Transfer (or T) Parameters

Microwave Antennas

Antenna Theorems and Characteristic Parameters

Types of Microwave Antennas

Antenna Arrays

Microstrip Antennas

Microwave Measurements

Klystron Power Supply

VSWR Meter

Travelling Wave Detection

Qualities of Microwave Components and Devices


Some Standard Norms

Measurement of Basic Quantities

Some Practical Applications

Basics of Microwave Tubes

Frequency Limitations of Conventional Tubes

Influence of Fields on Motion of Charged Particles

Velocity Modulation

Classification of Microwave Tubes

Microwave Tubes


Two-Cavity Klystron

Reflex Klystron

Travelling-Wave Tube


Crossed-Field Amplifier

Backward-Wave Oscillators

Microwave Diodes

Basics of Semiconductor Devices

Conventional Diodes

Microwave Diodes

Transferred Electron Devices

Avalanche Transit Time Devices

Parametric Devices


Microwave Transistors

Transistors and Vacuum Tubes

Microwave Transistors

Field Effect Transistors

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Transistors

Memory Devices

Charge-Coupled Devices

Planar Transmission Lines



Coplanar Waveguides

Coplanar Strips

Slot Line

Fin Lines

Micromachined Lines

Realisation of Lumped Elements

Realisation of Microwave Components

Microwave Integrated Circuits

Merits and Limitations of MICs

Types of MICs

Materials Used

Fabrication Techniques

Fabrication Processes

Illustration of Fabrication by Photo-Resist Technique

Fabrication of Devices



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Ahmad Shahid Khan holds a BSc, MSc, and Ph.D from Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India. Possessing over 40 years of teaching experience, the former AMU University Medal recipient, professor, and chairman of the AMU Department of Electronics Engineering is an IETE India fellow, IEI member, and SSI and ISTE life member. A popular invited lecturer, he has published 23 journal and conference papers, co-authored the book Antennas and Wave Propagation (Special Indian Edition), edited the book A Guide to the Laboratory Practice in Electronics and Communication Engineering, and received the Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Memorial Gold Medal from JIE India.


"The book demonstrates a good understanding of the author’s knowledge of microwave engineering. It has extensive practical applications and a wide variety of problems with worked solutions. The book is written in such a way that the reader, through personal study, could achieve a satisfactory education in the subject of microwave engineering."
—Brian Klaveness, Principal Lecturer and Programme Leader at Glyndwr University, Wrexham, UK

"... covers everything from wave propagation to reflection and refraction, guided waves, and transmission lines, giving all topics equal emphasis and providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying principles at the core of microwave engineering. In my opinion, the book is well written and easy to follow, so I am highly recommending it as a textbook for electronics and communication engineering students at the undergraduate level, though it may serve as a solid basis for advanced courses on microwaves at the postgraduate level as well."
—Ivica Manic´, University of Niš, Serbia, from Microelectronics Reliability, February 2015

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