This book focusses on the instruments, practices, and materialities produced by various authorities to monitor, regulate, and identify migrants in European cities from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries. Whereas research on migration regulation typically looks at local policies for the early modern period and at state policies for the contemporary period, this book avoids the stalemate of modernity narratives by exploring a long-term genealogy of migration regulation in which cities played a pivotal role. The case studies range from early modern Venice, Stockholm and Constantinople, to nineteenth- and twentieth-century port towns and capital cities such as London and Vienna.
Part I: Introduction Introduction: Migration Policies and Materialities of Identification in European Cities: Papers and Gates, 1500–1930s Part II: Early Modern Period 1. Controlling and Documenting Migration via Urban “Spaces of Arrival” in Early Modern Venice 2. Controlling Strangers: Identifying Migrants in Early Modern Frankfurt am Main 3. Ordering Identification: Migrants, Material Culture and Social Bonds in Stockholm, 1650–1720 4. Documents and Local Networks: Monitoring Migrants and Workers in Eighteenth-Century Turin 5. From Community Registers to Domestic Passports: The Migration Regime in Ottoman Istanbul 6. Documents, Migration, and Governance in Imperial Russian Towns Part III: Modern Period 7. Receiving, Selecting, and Rejecting Foreign Migrants and Refugees in Port Cities: A Comparison of Bordeaux and Marseille During the Early Nineteenth Century 8. The Use of Travel and Identity Documents in Antwerp During the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century 9. Mapping Identification and Municipal Policy Towards Migration in Fin-de-Siècle Vienna and Budapest 10. The Practice of Control and the Illusion of Evidence: Passports and Personal Identification in Cities of Habsburg Austria 11. Producing the “Undocumented Migrant”: Registration and Deportation in Early Twentieth Century London and Berlin 12. Roma Under Surveillance in Urban Context: Control, Identification, and Expulsion in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, 1900s-1930s. Part IV: Conclusion Conclusion: Cities and States: Papers and Walls