"The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) was a manifestation of widespread public concern over the volume of undocumented immigration into the United States. The principal innovation of this legislation-the provision to impose penalties on employers who knowingly hire undocumented immigrants-was a response to this concern. This effort at restriction was tempered in IRCA by other provisions permitting the legalization of two types of undocumented immigrantsthose who had resided in the United States since January 1, 1982; and what were called special agricultural workers (SAWs), persons who had worked in perishable crop agriculture for at least 90 days during specified periods from 1983 to 1986. Approximately 3.1 million persons sought legalization (what is popularly referred to as amnesty) under these two provisions. The breakdown was roughly 1.8 million under the regular program and 1.3 million as SAWs. Mexicans made up 75 percent of the combined legalization requests."
Introduction, Sergio Diaz-Briquets and Sidney Weintraub --1 The Small Business Sector in Central -- America: A Diagnosis/Francisco A. Leguizam6n -- I. Introduction -- II. Relative Share -- III. Key Factors for the Development of S&MSBs -- IV. Development Strategies -- V. Barriers to the Development of S&MSBs -- VI. Conclusions and Outlook Notes -- 2 Microenterprise and the Informal Sector in the Dominican Republic: Operation and Promotion Policy, Rolando Reyes -- I. Introduction -- II. Microenterprise and the Informal Sector in the Dominican Republic: Composition and Basic Characteristics -- III. Policies to Promote Microenterprise and Informal Sector Development -- Notes -- 3 Remittance Inflows and Economic Development in Selected Anglophone Caribbean Countries, Wilbert 0. Bascom -- I. Introduction -- II. Review of the Literature -- III. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies -- IV. Size and Growth of Remittances -- VI. Conclusion -- Notes -- 4 Tropical Capitalists: U.S.-Bound Immigration and Small-Enterprise Development in the Dominican Republic, Alejandro Portes and Luis E. Guarnizo -- I. Introduction -- II. Dominican Immigration -- III. Methodology -- IV. The Dominican Immigrant Community of New York: Preliminary Findings -- v. The Immigrant Community and the Development of Dominican Small Enterprises -- VI. Conclusions -- Notes -- 5 Small-Scale Industry and International Migration in Guadalajara, Mexico, Agustin Escobar Latapi and Maria de la 0 Martinez Castellanos -- I. Introduction -- II. Small-Scale Industry in Guadalajara -- III. Small Industrialists, Migration and Their Firms -- IV. Workers and Migration -- v. International Migration in the 1982 Guadalajara Operative Labor Market -- VI. International Migration Among Informal Workers in 1985 -- VII. International Migration Among Industrial Workers in Guadalajara and Atotonilco in 1987 -- VIII. The Work Force in Small-Scale Enterprises Studied in 1989 -- IX. Conclusions and Recommendations -- Notes 6 Small Business Development in El Salvador: The Impact of Remittances, Jose Roberto Lopez and Mitchell A. Seligson -- I. Introduction -- II. Study Design -- III. Characteristics of the Sample -- IV. Volume and Importance of Remittances for Small Businesses -- V. The Importance of Remittances in Small Business Development -- VI. Stimulating the Productive Use of Remittances -- VII. Conclusion -- Notes.