In recent years, Mediterranean agriculture has experienced important transformations which have led to new forms of labour and production, and in particular to a surge in the recruitment of migrant labour. The Mediterranean Basin represents a very interesting arena that is able to illustrate labour conditions and mobility, the competition among different farming models, and the consequences in terms of the proletarianization process, food crisis and diet changes.
Migration and Agriculture brings together international contributors from across several disciplines to describe and analyse labour conditions and international migrations in relation to agri-food restructuring processes. This unique collection of articles connects migration issues with the proletarianization process and agrarian transitions that have affected Southern European as well as some Middle Eastern and Northern African countries in different ways. The chapters present case studies from a range of territories in the Mediterranean Basin, offering empirical data and theoretical analysis in order to grasp the complexity of the processes that are occurring.
This book offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of migrations, territories and agro-food production in this key region, and will be an indispensable resource to scholars in migration studies, rural sociology, social geography and the political economy of agriculture.
"The book is a sightseeing inside the backyard of global food chains. It is a joint, fresh and well conducted research, plenty of field-work, made by scholars from both seaside of Mediterranean region to display the organization of global labour markets. A key book showing the power of sociology to understand the globalization processes and the role of mobility in contemporary society".
Luis Camarero, Professor of Rural Sociology, UNED (Spain)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 – Introduction. Cheap food, cheap labour, high profits. Agriculture and mobility in the Mediterranean. Alessandra Corrado, Carlos de Castro, Domenico Perrotta
Part I – Migrant Labour and "Quality" Food Products
Chapter 2 – The (sacred) cow business. Narratives and practices of the "ethnic niche" of Indian Punjab milkers in the Po Valley, Vanessa Azzeruoli
Chapter 3 - Wine heritage and the ethnicization of labour. Arab workers in the Bordeaux vineyards, Chantal Crenn
Chapter 4 - Processing tomatoes in the era of the retailing revolution. Mechanization and migrant labour in northern and southern Italy, Domenico Perrotta
Part II – Social (un)sustainability of intensive agriculture: migrant labour in supply chains "under pressure" in Southern Europe
Chapter 5 - Producing and mobilizing vulnerable workers. The agribusiness of the Region of Murcia (Spain), Elena Gadea, Andrés Pedreño, Carlos de Castro
Chapter 6 - Family farms, migrant labourers and regional imbalance in global agri-food systems. On the social (un)sustainability of intensive strawberry production in Huelva (Spain), Alicia Reigada
Chapter 7 - The citrus fruit crisis. Value chains and "just in time" migrants in Rosarno (Italy) and Valencia (Spain). Anna Mary Garrapa
Chapter 8 – Migrant labour and intensive agricultural production in Greece. The case of the Manolada strawberry industry, Apostolos G. Papadopoulos, Loukia - Maria Fratsea
Part III – Restructuring of Agri-food Systems in Maghreb and Middle-East
Chapter 9 – Contested red gold: The tomato in the context of European-Moroccan relations, Sarah Ruth Sippel
Chapter 10 – Refugees in the agricultural sector: some notes on Syrians in Hatay province, Turkey, Selma Akay Erturk
Part IV – Restructuring of agricultural labour markets in Southern Europe and Maghreb
Chapter 11 - Persistent unfree labour in French intensive agriculture: A historical overview of the "OFII" temporary farmworkers program, Frédéric Décosse
Chapter 12 - "They know that you'll leave, like a dog moving onto the next bin". Undocumented male and seasonal contracted female workers in agricultural labour market of Huelva, Spain. Emmanuelle Hellio
Chapter 13 – The land of informal intermediation. The social regulation of migrant agricultural labour in the Piana del Sele, Italy, Gennaro Avallone
Chapter 14 – From the Al-Maghrib to the Al-Gharb: An anatomy of the recruitment and labour incorporation of Moroccan agricultural workers in the Algarve, Southern Portugal, Dora Sampaio, Rui Carvalho
Chapter 15 – Agricultural modernization, internal migration and the formation of a wage labour market in the Souss region, Morocco. Mohamed Bouchelkha,
Part V – Conflicts and resistances
Chapter 16 – Rural and farmers’ protest movements in Tunisia and Egypt in the era of Arab revolts, Alia Gana
Chapter 17 - Unionism of migrant farm workers. The Sindicato Obreros del Campo (SOC) in Andalusia, Spain, Francesco Saverio Caruso
Chapter 18 - Entering the "plastic factories". Conflicts and competition in Sicilian greenhouses and packinghouses, Valeria Piro, Giuliana Sanò
Chapter 19 – Agrarian change and migrations in the Mediterranean from a food regime perspective. Alessandra Corrado