Migration in the Mediterranean region is a widely debated and much studied topic. This is due to the present refugee crisis, consequences of Arab revolutions, the proximity with emigration and transit countries, but also to the involvement of southern European countries and the mass arrival of migrants. The management of Border controls, migration, development, human trafficking, human rights and the clash or convergence of civilizations has generated a great deal of controversy and media attention.
Migration in the Mediterranean offers a unique multidisciplinary theoretical and methodological framework, bringing together scholars from different subject areas. This book aims to address the following research questions: What are the main characteristics of migration movements in this region? What are the most important theoretical challenges? What are the perspectives for the future? This book begins with an overview of the economic perspective of the Mediterranean migration model, with a particular focus on labour market outcomes of migrants. It then presents the original results of field studies on the unintended effects of the EU's external border controls on migration and integration in the Euro-Mediterranean region, before addressing the themes of mobility, migration and transnationalism.
This volume focuses on migration with a multidisciplinary approach, with scholars from various areas including sociology, economics, geography, political science and history. This book is well suited for those who study international economics, migration and political sociology.
Table of Contents
Foreword Raimondo Cagiano de Azevedo
Introduction Elena Ambrosetti and Donatella Strangio
Notes on contributors
First Part: Labour Migration Movements in the Mediterranean: Past and present
1) Migration in the Mediterranean across disciplines Elena Ambrosetti, Donatella Strangio
2) A provincial level analysis of Italian emigration to Africa: who left and why Francesca Fauri
3) The South-European model of immigration: cross-national differences by sending area in labour-market outcomes and the crisis Ivana Fellini, Giovanna Fullin
4) The labour market insertion of immigrants into Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom: similarities and differences and the Southern European model of migration Anna Di Bartolomeo, Giuseppe Gabrielli, Salvatore Strozza
Second Part: The unintended effect of the EU’s external borders securitization
5) Illegal immigration beyond stereotypes: processes of selection, tolerance, regularization of irregular immigrants Maurizio Ambrosini
6) The Securitisation of the EU External Borders and the Rise of Human Smuggling Along the Eastern Mediterranean Route: The Case of Afghan Unaccompanied Minors Enza Roberta Petrillo
7) Gender and Borders in a Comparative Perspective. Sub-Saharan Migrant Women facing Fortress Europe: the Cases of Italy, Greece and Turkey Giovanna Campani- Zoran Lapov
8) The European convergence towards the civic integration Angela Paparusso
Third Part: Mobility, migration and trans-nationalism the Mediterranean region
9) The forms and determinants of public transnationalism: a North African comparison Thomas Lacroix, Guillaume Leroux
10) Inventing an Egyptian Transnational Nation: Homeland politics in the Arab Spring Uprisings between Migration Processes, Diasporic Policies and Political Opportunity Structures Lea Müller-Funk
11) From a mythical country of origin to a multidiasporic country, the case of Israel and the Moroccan Jewish Diaspora Emanuela Trevisan Semi
12) Beyond musallas and the veil. The second generations’ religiosity: being Muslim and active citizens Roberta Ricucci
General Conclusion Catherine Withol de Wenden
Elena Ambrosetti is Assistant Professor in Demography at the Faculty of Economics and affiliated to the Department of Methods and Models for Economics, Territory and Finance, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
Donatella Strangio is Associate Professor of Economic History at the Faculty of Economics and affiliated to the Department of Methods and Models for Economics, Territory and Finance, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.
Catherine Wihtol de Wenden is Director of Research at CNRS (CERI), Paris, France.