Migrations and Border Processes: Practices and Politics of Belonging and Exclusion in Europe from the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century brings together scholars from history, sociology and anthropology to explore cross-boundary mobility and migration during the formation, development, and transformation of the modern (nation-)state explicating the conflictive and fluctuating character of borders.
Current media images of a "fortress Europe" suggest that migrations and borders are closely connected. The historical perspective demonstrates that such bordering processes are not new. However, they have developed new dynamics in different historical phases, from the formation of the modern (nation-)state in the nineteenth century to the creation of the European Union during the second half of the twentieth century. This book explains the dynamic relationships between borders and migratory movements in Europe from the nineteenth century to the present by approaching them from four different, overlapping angles: (1) the multiple actors involved, (2) scales and places of borders and their crossings, (3) the instruments and techniques employed and (4) the significance of social categories. Focusing on the historical, local specificity of the complex relations between migrations and boundaries will help denaturalize the concept of the border as well as further reflection on the shifting definitions of migration and belonging.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Borderlands Studies.
Migrations and Border Processes: Practices and Politics of Belonging and Exclusion in Europe from the Nineteenth to the Twenty-first Century
Margit Fauser, Anne Friedrichs and Levke Harders
1. The Multilayered Migration Regime in Turkey: Contested Regionalization, Deceleration and Legal Precarization
Fırat Genç, Gerda Heck and Sabine Hess
2. Homogenous and Extra-territorial Border Regime? Migrations and Control Efforts Across the Eastern EU External Border
3. The Creation of Illegal Migration in the German Confederation, 1815–1866
4. Engines of Social Change? Peasant Migration and the Transgression of Spatial, Legal and Cultural Divides in Late Imperial Russia
Lutz Karl Häfner
5. Belonging, Migration, and Profession in the German-Danish Border Region in the 1830s
6. A Site of Shifting Boundaries: Fostering and Limiting Mobility in the Ruhr Valley (1860–1910)
7. The Emergence of Urban Border Spaces in Europe
8. Conclusion: Historical Perspectives on Borderlands, Boundaries and Migration Control