This book is the first systematic assessment of current trends and patterns of militancy in Shii communities in the Middle East and South Asia - specifically in Iran, Iraq, but also in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kuwait, and Bahrain
More than thirty years after the Islamic Revolution in Iran, there are signs of a growing assertiveness on the part of Shii actors, at times erupting into political violence. The book addresses two key questions: What trends emerge in the types of militancy Shii actors employ both inside and outside of the Shii heartland? And what are the main drivers of militancy in the Shii community? The editor concludes that although at present Shii assertiveness does not take on a predominantly militant form, a 'subculture of violence' does exist among most Shii communities examined here, and suggests five key drivers of political violence among Shiis: the impact of Iran; nationalism and anti-imperialism; Shii self-protection and communal advancement; mahdism; and organizational dynamics. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers of terrorism studies and political violence, war and conflict studies, and IR/Security Studies in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction - Assaf Moghadam Part I: Historical, Doctrinal and Religious Context 1: The Rise of Shia Ideology in Pre-Revolutionary Iran - Babak Rahimi 2: Ayatollah Khomeini and the Velayat-e Faqih - David Menashri Part II: Trends and Patterns in the Shii Heartland and Beyond 3: Iran - Sanam Vakil 4: Iraq - Reidar Visser 5: Lebanon - Benedetta Berti 6: Saudi Arabia - Toby Jones 7: Pakistan - Hassan Abbas 8: Afghanistan - Brian Williams 9: Kuwait and Bahrain - Uzi Rabi Conclusion: Trends, Types and Drivers of Militancy Among Shiis - Assaf Moghadam
Assaf Moghadam is Senior Lecturer at the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy at the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya, Israel, and Senior Fellow at its International Institute of Counterterrorism (ICT). He was previously Director of Terrorism Studies at the Combating Terrorism Center, and Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Sciences, United States Military Academy at West Point, USA. His publications include, as co-editor, Fault Lines in Global Jihad: Organizational, Strategic, and Ideological Fissures (also published by Routledge).