Military Interventions in Civil Wars
The Role of Foreign Direct Investments and the Arms Trade
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This book examines the motivations of military interventions in civil wars, with a focus on the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the arms trade.
The book assumes a state-centric view of international relations, whereby states remain the dominant actors on the world stage. It breaks away from the conventional wisdom that military interventions for economic interests are a product of domestic corporate lobbying and instead argues that states intervene to protect (but not advance) existing corporate investments for national strategic interests. The work introduces new concepts of military interventions - proxy interventions and indirect interventions - which are determined by arms trade relationships between the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and recipient countries, and utilizes insights from principal-agent theory, whereby the permanent members of the UNSC delegate military interventions in civil wars to other countries. The book concludes by examining the transformative effect of FDI on the willingness of a state to intervene militarily in a civil war, focusing on the case of China in Sub-Saharan Africa. Provided that the current positive trends in FDI and arms trade persist, we are likely to see more and not fewer military interventions in the future.
This book will be of much interest to students of civil wars, military interventions, security studies and International Relations.
Table of Contents
2. Understanding military interventions in civil wars
3. Foreign direct investments and military interventions
4. The role of arms trade in proxy interventions
5. Indirect interventions in civil wars
6. The transformative power of investments
Kamil C. Klosek is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Peace Research Center Prague, Charles University, Czech Republic.