Military Medicine in Iraq and Afghanistan : A Comprehensive Review book cover
1st Edition

Military Medicine in Iraq and Afghanistan
A Comprehensive Review

Edited By

Ian Greaves

ISBN 9780815377597
Published September 26, 2018 by CRC Press
735 Pages

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Book Description

Many, if not most, of the recent improvements in trauma care in civilian practice have developed from military experience. The British Defence Medical Services have been recognised as providers of exemplary health care. Although there will is an emphasis on trauma, this book also captures lessons from internal medicine and infectious disease, ethics (for example dealing with detainees – a particularly controversial subject), human factors, mental health issues and rehabilitation.Military Medicine provides the evidence and context for these innovations, and its unique and important account will be of interest to both military and civilian practitioners alike.

Table of Contents


Role of honour




Military abbreviations

Medical abbreviations

A note on operation names

Echelons and levels of clinical care


Colour plate acknowledgements

1. A brief history of Operations Telic and Herrick

2. Organisation of the medical services in Iraq and Afghanistan

3. Pre-hospital emergency care

4. Emergency medicine and resuscitation

5. Anaesthesia and pain management

6. Intensive care medicine

7. Strategic medical evacuation – The critical care air support team

8. Torso trauma

9. Limb trauma

10. Ballistic weaponry, blast and personal protective equipment development

11. Head and neck

12. Internal medicine and communicable disease including diet and lifestyle

13. Imaging

14. Transfusion medicine

15. Mental health

16. Primary care

17. Defence rehabilitation

18. Paediatrics

19. Trauma governance: Scoring and data analysis

20. Ethics, legal and humanitarian issues

21. Deployed experience at sea

22. Education, training and human factors

23. Developments in equipment and therapeutics

24. The research dimension

Appendix A: Forces deployed on Operation Telic

Appendix B: Forces deployed on Operation Herrick

Appendix C: Medical units deployed on Operations Telic and Herrick

Appendix D: Publications by author

Appendix E: Publications by subject

Appendix F: Extracts from the key findings of the CQC Report Defence Medical Services: A Review of Compliance with the Essential Standards of Quality and Safety

Appendix G: Summary of the report Treating Injury and Illness arising on Military Operations National Audit Office 2010

Appendix H: Campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan


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Col Ian Greaves was educated at the Manchester Grammar School and graduated from the University of Birmingham Medical School in 1986, training initially in general medicine. He joined the British Army in 1999 as a consultant in Emergency Medicine. He is a fellow of the Royal Colleges of Emergency Medicine, Physicians (London) and Surgeons of Edinburgh. Between 2008 and 2014 he was Defence Consultant Advisor in Emergency Medicine and clinical lead for Pre-hospital Care for the three Armed Services. He deployed to both Iraq and Afghanistan. Col Greaves was Honorary Surgeon to HM Queen Elizabeth II from 2011 to 2014 and was made Officer of the Order of St John in 2005. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and of the Royal Geographical Society and was made an honorary fellow of the Ambulance Services Institute in 2014 for services to pre-hospital medicine. Col Greaves holds a personal chair at the University of Teesside. He currently serves as Chief Medical Officer of the Order of St John and of St John Ambulance and as an examiner for the fellowships in Pre-hospital Emergency Medicine and Emergency Medicine and for postgraduate degrees in trauma at Queen Mary University of London. Col Greaves is the author or editor of textbooks on trauma, pre-hospital Care, major incident management and medical responses to terrorism and is editor of the journal Trauma. He is also a member of the Northern Region NHS Clinical Senate and has been actively involved in NHS clinical service provision reviews.


"This is a unique and important contribution for any provider, traumatologist or not, with an interest in the evolution of military healthcare during the recent Middle East wars. As two Surgeon Generals serving during these years note, the
1990s saw enormous erosion in military medicine with degraded clinical capability. This work describes the efforts made to realize improvement in treatment, which has ultimately provided international rewards after the military experience in Iraq and Afghanistan. We now see the benefits originating with this military experience in civilian practice."

David J. Dries, MD (University of Minnesota Medical School)