1st Edition

Military Pyrotechnics Principles and Practices

By Ajoy K. Bose Copyright 2022
    636 Pages 222 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    This book covers military pyrotechnics characteristics, sensitivity, combustion, performance parameters, ingredients and their behaviour, various pyrotechnic compositions and their manufacturing methods, filling, pressing and assembly of ammunition and so forth. Divided into two broader sections, namely military pyrotechnic compositions and military pyrotechnic ammunitions and devices, it provides full spectrum of military pyrotechnics and a guide for all personnel involved with management of military pyrotechnic ammunitions and devices in design, production, inspection, training, and use.


    • Answers "know what", "know why "and "know how" of pyrotechnic compositions and pyrotechnic ammunitions and devices
    • Explains various concepts and mechanisms of the military pyrotechnics
    • Deliberates on role and characteristics of pyrotechnic compositions and its classification
    • Discusses various factors affecting performance and some differences in military pyrotechnics
    • Describes various methods of initiation of ignition in ammunition
    • Elucidates basic requirements of pyrotechnic ammunitions, its development and life cycle of ammunition lots
    • Provides classification, division, shelf life, compatibility and nomenclature of ammunitions and devices
    • Reviews test/proof requirements of ammunitions and devices, deployment and functioning, defect classification, sampling plan and acceptance criteria
    • Explores latest trends in 'green pyrotechnics' for environment- friendly military pyrotechnics

    Chapter 1.Introduction

    Chapter 2.Pyrotechnic Composition Sensitivity

    Chapter 3.Combustion of Pyrotechnic Compositions

    Chapter 4.Factors Affecting Pyrotechnic Performance

    Chapter 5.Determination of Performance Parameters

    Chapter 6.Ingredients of Pyrotechnic Compositions

    Chapter 7.Manufacture of Pyrotechnic Compositions

    Chapter 8.Illuminating Compositions

    Chapter 9.Signalling Flare Compositions

    Chapter 10.Tracer Compositions

    Chapter 11.Photoflash Compositions

    Chapter 12.Screening Smoke Compositions

    Chapter 13.Signalling Colour Smoke Compositions

    Chapter 14.Riot Control Compositions

    Chapter 15.Incendiary Compositions

    Chapter 16.Simulating Compositions

    Chapter 17.Delay Compositions

    Chapter 18.Infrared Flare Compositions

    Chapter 19.Priming and Booster Compositions

    Chapter 20.Flame and Smoke Compositions

    Chapter 21.Gunpowder Compositions

    Chapter 22.Initiating of Igition in Ammunition

    Chapter 23.Pyrotechnic Ammunition Manufacture

    Chapter 24.Filling, Pressing and Assembly

    Chapter 25.Sealing of Pyrotechnic Ammunitions

    Chapter 26.Painting, Marking, Packing and Storage

    Chapter 27.Classification, Shelf Life and Compatibility

    Chapter 28.Classification and Nomenclature

    Chapter 29.Proof of Pyrotechnic Ammunitions

    Chapter 30.Illuminating Ammunitions

    Chapter 31.Photoflash Ammunitions

    Chapter 32.Screening Smoke Ammunitions

    Chapter 33.Signalling Ammunitions

    Chapter 34.Incendiary Ammunitions

    Chapter 35.Riot Control Devices/Ammunitions

    Chapter 36.Training /Practice Ammunitions

    Chapter 37.Distress Signalling Devices

    Chapter 38.Simulating Ammunitions

    Chapter 39.Infrared Flare Ammunitions


    Dr. Ajoy. K. Bose was born on 25th June 1949 at Allahabad, UP, India. He obtained Masters of Science in Physical Chemistry in 1970 and Doctorate in Chemistry for his thesis "Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation by Chloramine-T" in 1974 from Allahabad University, Allahabad U.P. (India) and published 13 scientific papers in International Journals. He got associated with explosives and ammunition Industry in 1975 under Ministry of Defence Production, Government of India by joining as Assistant Manager (Probation) under Directorate General, Indian 0rdnance Factories.

    The author had the privilege to work in ammunition and explosive industry for over 34 years (including 8 years exclusively in pyrotechnic ammunition industry) during which he was involved with production, Quality control and research and development of various ammunitions. He was deeply involved in solving a large number of teething technical problems in ammunition manufacture and product improvement through innovations in processes and materials over the years. During his career, author has worked in various ammunition, explosive and propellant factories in India. During these years, the author had close interactions with various ammunition and explosive factories, inspectorates and controllerates of quality assurance (for army, navy, air force and para military force) and military explosives as well as various proof establishments and defence research and development organisation.

    The author is recipient of prestigious awards like "Ayudh Bhushan" for his outstanding services in solving technical problems in production and product improvements. The author was involved with design of igniter and Ordnance Factory Dehuroad received citation "Raksha Mantri award for Excellence 2007-08 for Design Efforts" - for Design of Igniter under Ministry of Defence (Production) and cash award by India’s Defence Minister in 2009. The author received citation and cash award from DGOF and Chairman/OFB for design of above igniter.

    The factory during his tenure as General Manager (HAG) received the "Raksha Mantri Award for Excellence 2008-09 for Best Performing Factory of OFB" from Ministry of Defence production. He contributed significantly for the factory in achieving again the "Raksha Mantri Award for Excellence 2009-10 for Best Performing Factory of OFB" during his part tenure prior to retirement.

    He retired from service as General Manager (HAG) of one of the Asia’s biggest pyrotechnic factory at Pune in India.