Military Reform and Democratisation: Turkish and Indonesian Experiences at the Turn of the Millennium, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Military Reform and Democratisation

Turkish and Indonesian Experiences at the Turn of the Millennium, 1st Edition

By Karabekir Akkoyunlu


86 pages

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There is no recipe for democratisation that can be readily applied to all countries. Every country presents unique factors that influence the fate of its democratic reforms, which must therefore be evaluated within their specific socio-political, cultural and historical context.

Building on this premise, this paper examines military reform and democratisation through the experiences of Turkey and Indonesia, two democratising countries with predominantly Muslim populations, secular regimes, and militaries that are deeply involved in politics.

The paper strives to explain why both the Turkish and Indonesian militaries, which have developed a sense of ownership over the state, may be wary of democratic change; how 'the people' perceive the military's traditional role in society; and in which direction societal and military attitudes towards democratic reform have been moving over the years.

In relating these domestic observations to various external factors, it seeks to identify the regional and global trends, events and actors that promote and obstruct the development of substantive democracy in each country, and to draw broader lessons for the study of democratisation and military reform.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1. Setting the Theoretical Framework 2. Turkey 3: Indonesia 4: Comparative Analysis and Conclusions

About the Author

Karabekir Akkoyunlu graduated from Brown University, USA. He then taught English in Indonesia as a Princeton University Fellow. Having recently completed a master’s degree at the University of Cambridge in International Relations, he now works as a freelance journalist, based in London.

About the Series

Adelphi series

The Adelphi series is The International Institute for Strategic Studies' flagship contribution to policy-relevant, original academic research.

Six books are published each year. They provide rigorous analysis of contemporary strategic and defence topics that is useful to politicians and diplomats, as well as academic researchers, foreign-affairs analysts, defence commentators and journalists.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Military / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / General