Military Spending and Global Security : Humanitarian and Environmental Perspectives book cover
1st Edition

Military Spending and Global Security
Humanitarian and Environmental Perspectives

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after November 26, 2020
ISBN 9780367493394
November 25, 2020 Forthcoming by Routledge
168 Pages - 24 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Global military expenditure reached an estimated $1,822 billion in 2018 and this book questions what that spending responds to and indeed what that entails in terms of global security.

The book draws from prior knowledge and research on military expenditure but introduces an all-encompassing, in-depth and original analysis of military spending as a key and often overlooked factor of global instability, delving into the present and future consequences of its perpetual growth, as well as, confronting the reasoning behind it. The authors argue that increasing military expenditure is not the best response to the emergencies militarization itself has helped create. They assert that militarization is paradoxically both a cause of and a response to the grave challenges our society is facing. The book explains why people are not well served by nation-states when they continuously seek to out-compete one another in the size and destructive powers of their militaries. It discusses the scope of military spending around the world, while explaining how militarism is linked with conflict and security threats, and how military spending further prevents us from adequately dealing with global environmental problems like climate change.

A must-read for scholars, researchers and students from a wide range of disciplines. It will also find an audience among professionals from the third sector and activists working on issues related to peace, security and militarism, but also social and climate justice.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

List of Contributors


Preface - Tom Woodhouse

Introduction – Jordi Calvo Rufanges

1. Trends in global military expenditure: drivers of increases and causes of concerns - Aude-E. Fleurant and Yannick Quéau

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Structure, Drivers and Key Actors

1.3 Global Military Expenditure

1.4 Regional and Sub-regional Dynamics

1.5 Conclusion

1.6 Bibliography

2. Military expenditure, arms transfer and armed conflicts - Chloé Meulewaeter

2.1 Introduction

2.2 General trends

2.2.1. General trends of military expenditure

2.2.2. General trends of arms transfer

2.2.3. General trends of armed conflicts

2.2.4. Summary of general trends

2.3. The relationship between military expenditure, arms transfer and armed conflicts

2.3.1 On the link between military expenditure and arms transfer

2.3.2 On the link between military spending and armed conflicts

2.3.3 On the link between arms transfer and armed conflicts

2.4 Conclusion

2.5 Bibliography

3. Military spending, foreign military operations and counter-terrorism - Alejandro Pozo Marín

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Military spending increases, foreign military operations skyrocket

3.3 Foreign military operations in scenarios of counter-terrorism

3.4 Lack of budget transparency for foreign military operations

3.5 Militarist tendency to address political crises

3.6 Conclusion

3.7 Bibliography

4. Empire, US military spending and campaigning for a moral budget - Joseph Gerson

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Increasing military spending

4.3 How the system works

4.4 Campaigning to reduce U.S. military spending

4.5 Conclusion

4.6 Bibliography

5. Militarisation of the European Union: fresh money for the military industry - Laëtitia Sédou, Mark Akkerman and Bram Vranken

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Using the EU budget to answer perceived military needs

5.2.1 The first steps

5.2.2 The European Defence Fund: new subsidies for military Research & Development

5.2.3 Alleged military industrial needs to be mainstreamed across all European programmes

5.3 Adapting resources or technology such as transport infrastructure, skills or space for military use

5.4 From securitisation to militarisation of external borders and foreign policy

5.4.1 Escalating spending on border militarisation

5.4.2 Security for development

5.5 The European military-industrial complex shaping EU policies

5.5.1 A spider’s web of trust and influence

5.5.2 A substantial budget and easy access to decision makers

5.5.3 Two decades of arms lobbying

5.6 Conclusion

5.7 Bibliography

6. Cost of Nuclear Weapons - Tarja Cronberg and Dave Webb

6.1 Introduction

6.2 The full costs of nuclear weapons

6.3 The nuclear arsenals and their costs

6.4 The modernisation process

6.4.1 The US nuclear arsenal

6.4.2 The UK nuclear weapons system

6.4.3 The French nuclear arsenal

6.5 Humanitarian costs

6.5.1The Hibakusha – survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

6.5.2 Nuclear weapons tests

6.6 Conclusion

6.7 Bibliography

7. Military Spending and Climate Change – Pere Brunet and Chloe Meulewaeter

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Climate change: A scientific view

7.3 The Global Triangle of Power

7.4 Climate change: a consequence of the Global Triangle of Power

7.5 On the link between military spending and climate change

7.6 Conclusions

7.7 Bibliography

8. Peace Movement Work on Military Spending – Colin Archer

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Historical perspective

8.2.1 1815-1850

8.2.2 1850-1870

8.2.3 1870-1914

8.2.4 1919-1939

8.2.5 1945-1990

8.2.6 1990-2001

8.2.7 2001-2019

8.3 IPB and the Global Campaign on Military Spending

8.4 Other initiatives

8.5 The campaign goes global

8.6 Conclusion

8.7 Bibliography

9. Conclusion – Jordi Calvo Rufanges


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Jordi Calvo Rufanges is vice-president of the International Peace Bureau, coordinator of the Global Campaign on Military Spending, professor of armed conflicts, defence economy and international relations and coordinator and researcher of the Centre Delàs, Barcelona, Spain.