Millenarian Bolshevism had its origins in a debate between positivist and idealist Marxists at the turn of the 20th Century. This book, originally published in 1987, charts the development of Millenarian Bolshevism by studying the careers of Bogdanov and Lunacharsky and analyzing their relations with Lenin, Gorky and other left Bolsheviks. In discussing their relationship with Lenin, the author maintains that the millenarian Bolsheviks gave expression to the voluntarist, idealist spirit which was inherent in the program and organization of Bolshevism and which provided the philosophy of Soviet socialist idealism.
1. The Beginnings of Millenarian Marxism 2. The Initial Synthesis of Marxism, Positivism and Idealism 3. Bolshevism and Idealism 4. God-Building: Idealism Becomes Millenialism 5. The Schism in the Bolshevik Faction 6. The Transition from Political to Cultural Revolution: The Party Schools and the VPERED Group 7. Bogdanov and the Idea of ‘Proletarian Culture’ 8. Proletarian Culture and Early Soviet Society. Afterword: Lenin’s Millenialism