The editor of this new Routledge collection describes mindfulness as ‘the process of bringing attention to the present moment and observing what one is experiencing in an open and non-judgemental fashion’. Although a simple concept in principle, mindfulness is a process that does not come naturally to human beings, and often requires much practice and instruction to master. And while scientific research has now clearly documented the broad benefits of mindfulness, not least in relation to our physical health and psychological well-being, many complex questions are still being addressed. For instance:
• How does our modern, scientific understanding of mindfulness relate to its various religious and cultural traditions?
• What is the most accurate way operationally to define mindfulness as a psychological construct, and what assessment methods are best suited for studying this process inside and outside of the laboratory?
• What are the true benefits of mindfulness-based interventions, and how do they achieve their positive effects on health?
• Are there certain situations in which intensive meditation practices are contraindicated and even harmful?
As mindfulness research and practice briskly accelerates, this four-volume collection provides an authoritative reference work that makes sense of a vast—and growing—literature. Volume I is organized around foundational themes and explores philosophical and historical sources, while the second volume delves into the many thorny definitional and multi-modal assessment issues related to mindfulness. Volume III assembles major works on various applications of mindfulness practice and related interventions in terms of their potential benefits to people and groups. The collection’s final volume further explores current controversies, emerging themes, and future directions.
With a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, Mindfulness is an essential one-stop resource for advanced students, scholars, researchers, and clinicians interested in gaining a thorough understanding of this increasingly popular topic.
Table of Contents
Volume I: The Roots of Mindfulness: History, Philosophy, and Definitions
Introduction: Elucidating Mindfulness from the Perspective of Psychological Science
Part 1: History and Philosophy
1. B. Alan Wallace ‘The Buddhist tradition of Samatha: Methods for Refining and Examining Consciousness’, Journal of Consciousness Studies 6, 2-3, 1999, pp. 175-187.
2. Bhikkhu Bodhi ‘What does mindfulness really mean? A canonical perspective’, Contemporary Buddhism 12, 1, 2011, pp. 19-39.
3. Rupert Gethin ‘Buddhist Conceptualizations of Mindfulness’ in Handbook of Mindfulness: Theory, Research, and Practice (New York: Guilford, 2015), pp. 9-41.
4. Paul Griffiths ‘Concentration or Insight: The Problematic of Theravāda Buddhist Meditation-Theory’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion 49, 4, 1981, pp. 605-624.
5. Stefan Schmidt ‘Mindfulness in East and West—Is It the Same?’, in H. Walach, S. Schmidt, & W. B. Jonas (eds.), Neuroscience, consciousness and spirituality (New York: Springer, 2011), pp. 23–39.
6. Paul R. Fulton and Ronald D. Siegel, ‘Buddhist and Western Psychology: Seeking Common Ground’ in Christopher K. Germer, Ronald D. Siegel and Paul R. Fulton (eds.) Mindfulness and psychotherapy, 2nd ed. (New York, NY, US: Guilford Press, 2013), pp. 36-56.
7. Chris Kang and Koa Whittingham, ‘Mindfulness: A Dialogue Between Buddhism and Clinical Psychology’, Mindfulness 1, 3, 2010, pp. 161-173.
8. Robert H. Sharf, ‘Is mindfulness Buddhist? (and why it matters)’, Transcultural psychiatry 52, 4, 2015, pp. 470-484.
Controversies and Unresolved Issues
9. Jon Kabat-Zinn, ‘Some reflections on the origins of MBSR, skillful means, and the trouble with maps’, Contemporary Buddhism 12, 1, 2011, pp. 281-306.
10. Rona Hart, Itai Ivtzan and Dan Hart, ‘Mind the Gap in Mindfulness Research: a Comparative Account of the Leading Schools of Thought’, Review of General Psychology 17, 4, 2013, pp. 453-466.
11. Lynette M. Monteiro, R. F. Musten and Jane Compson, ‘Traditional and Contemporary Mindfulness: Finding the Middle Path in the Tangle of Concerns’, Mindfulness 6, 1, 2015, pp. 1-13.
12. William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Mark D. Griffiths and Nirbhay N. Singh, ‘There is Only One Mindfulness: Why Science and Buddhism Need to Work Together’, Mindfulness 6, 1, 2015, pp. 49-56.
13. Roger Walsh and Shauna L. Shapiro, ‘The Meeting of Meditative Disciplines and Western Psychology: a Mutually Enriching Dialogue’, American psychologist 61, 3, 2006, pp. 227-239.
Part 2: Conceptual and Operational Definitions
14. Ellen J. Langer and Mihnea Moldoveanu, ‘The Construct of Mindfulness’, Journal of Social Issues 56, 1, 2000, pp. 1-9.
15. Lobsang Rapgay and Alexander Bystrisky, ‘Classical Mindfulness: An Introduction to its Theory and Practice for Clinical Application’, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1172, 1, 2009, pp. 148-162.
16. Kirk Warren Brown, Richard M. Ryan and J. David Creswell, ‘Mindfulness: Theoretical Foundations and Evidence for its Salutary Effects,’ Psychological Inquiry 18, 4, 2007, pp. 211-237.
17. Scott R. Bishop, Mark Lau, Shauna Shapiro, Linda Carlson, Nicole D. Anderson, James Carmody, Zindel V. Segal, Susan Abbey, Michael Speca, Gerald Devins, ‘Mindfulness: A Proposed Operational Definition’, Clinical psychology: Science and practice 11, 3, 2004, pp. 230-241.
18. Alberto Chiesa, Alessandro Serretti, and Janus Christian Jakobsen, ‘Mindfulness: Top–down or bottom–up emotion regulation strategy?’, Clinical psychology review 33, 1, 2013, pp. 82-96.
19. Andrea D. Grabovac, Mark A. Lau, and Brandilyn R. Willett, ‘Mechanisms of Mindfulness: A Buddhist Psychological Model’, Mindfulness 2, 3, 2011, pp. 154-166.
20. Jonathan D. Nash and Andrew Newberg, ‘Toward a unifying taxonomy and definition for meditation’, Frontiers in Psychology 4, 806, 2013, pp. 1 - 18.
21. Richard Chambers, Eleonora Gullone, and Nicholas B. Allen, ‘Mindful emotion regulation: An integrative review’, Clinical Psychology Review 29, 6, 2009, pp. 560-572.
Controversies and Unresolved Issues
22. Kirk Warren Brown and Richard M. Ryan, ‘Perils and Promise in Defining and Measuring Mindfulness: Observations From Experience’, Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 11, 3, 2004, pp. 242-248.
23. Alberto Chiesa, ‘The Difficulty of Defining Mindfulness: Current Thought and Critical Issues’, Mindfulness 4, 3, 2013, pp. 255-268.
24. Steven C. Hayes, Steven and Chad Shenk, ‘Operationalizing Mindfulness Without Unnecessary Attachments’, Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 11, 3, 2004, pp. 249-254.
25. Richard J. Davidson, ‘Empirical Explorations of Mindfulness: Conceptual and Methodological Conundrums’, Emotion 10, 1, 2010, pp. 8-11.
26. Steve Paulson, Richard Davidson, Amishi Jha, and Jon Kabat‐Zinn, ‘Becoming conscious: the science of mindfulness’, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1303, 1, 2013, pp. 87-104.
Volume II: Measuring Mindfulness: Cognitive Neuroscience and Assessment Methods
Part 3: Cognitive Neuroscience
27. David E. Becker and David Shapiro, ‘Physiological Responses to Clicks during Zen, Yoga, and TM Meditation’, Psychophysiology 18, 6, 1981, pp. 694-699.
28. Robert Keith Wallace and Herbert Benson, ‘The physiology of meditation’, Scientific American 226, 2, 1972, pp. 84-90.
29. Fred Travis and Jonathan Shear, ‘Focused attention, open monitoring and automatic self-transcending: categories to organize meditations from Vedic, Buddhist and Chinese traditions’, Consciousness and cognition 19, 4, 2010, pp. 1110-1118.
30. Judson A. Brewer, Patrick D. Worhunsky, Jeremy R. Gray, Yi-Yuan Tang, Jochen Weber, and Hedy Kober, ‘Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 50, 2011, pp. 20254-20259.
31. Norman A. S. Farb, Zindel V. Segal, Helen Mayberg, Jim Bean, Deborah McKeon, Zainab Fatima, and Adam K. Anderson, ‘Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference’, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 2, 4, 2007, pp. 313-322.
32. Britta K. Hölzel, Ulrich Ott, Tim Gard, Hannes Hempel, Martin Weygandt, Katrin Morgen, and Dieter Vaitl, ‘Investigation of mindfulness meditation practitioners with voxel-based morphometry’, Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 3, 1, 2008, pp. 55-61.
33. Giuseppe Pagnoni, Milos Cekic and Ying Guo, ‘"Thinking about not-thinking": neural correlates of conceptual processing during Zen meditation’, PLoS One 3, 9, 2008, pp. e3083.
34. Amishi P. Jha, Jason Krompinger and Michael J. Baime, ‘Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention,’ Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 7, 2, 2007, pp. 109-119.
35. Yi-Yuan Tang, Yinghua Ma, Junhong Wang, Yaxin Fan, Shigang Feng, Qilin Lu, Qingbao Yu, Danni Sui, Mary K. Rothbart, Ming Fan, Michael I. Posner, ‘Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104, 43, 2007, pp. 17152-17156.
36. David R. Vago and David A. Silbersweig, ‘Self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence (S-ART): a framework for understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness’, Frontiers in human neuroscience 6, 296, 2012, pp. 1 – 30.
Reviews, Controversies, and Unresolved Issues
37. Britta K. Hölzel, Sara W. Lazar, Tim Gard, Zev Schuman-Olivier, David R. Vago and Ulrich Ott, ‘How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action From a Conceptual and Neural Perspective’, Perspectives on Psychological Science 6, 6, 2011, pp. 537-559.
38. Alberto Chiesa and Alessandro Serretti, ‘A systematic review of neurobiological and clinical features of mindfulness meditations’, Psychological medicine 40, 8, 2010, pp. 1239-1252.
39. Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael I. Posner, ‘Tools of the trade: Theory and method in mindfulness neuroscience’, Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 8, 2013, pp118-120.
40. Lindsay B. Fletcher, Benjamin Schoendorff, and Steven C. Hayes, ‘Searching for Mindfulness in the Brain: A Process-Oriented Approach to Examining the Neural Correlates of Mindfulness’, Mindfulness 1, 1, 2010, pp. 41-63.
Part 4: Assessment Methods and Findings
41. Ruth A. Baer, Gregory T. Smith, Emily Lykins, Daniel Button, Jennifer Krietemeyer, Shannon Sauer, Erin Walsh, Danielle Duggan, and J. Mark G. Williams, ‘Construct Validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire in Meditating and Nonmeditating Samples’, Assessment 15, 3, 2008, pp. 329-342.
42. Frank W. Bond, Steven C. Hayes, Ruth A. Baer, Kenneth M. Carpenter, Nigel Guenole, Holly K. Orcutt, Tom Waltz, and Robert D. Zettle, ‘Preliminary Psychometric Properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire–II: A Revised Measure of Psychological Inflexibility and Experiential Avoidance’, Behavior Therapy 42, 4, 2011, pp. 676-688.
43. Kimberly A. Coffey, Marilyn Hartman, and Barbara L. Fredrickson, ‘Deconstructing mindfulness and constructing mental health: Understanding mindfulness and its mechanisms of action’, Mindfulness 1, 4, 2010, pp. 235-253.
44. Netta Weinstein, Kirk W. Brown, and Richard M. Ryan, ‘A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being’, Journal of Research in Personality 43, 3, 2009, pp. 374-385.
45. Patricia C. Broderick, ‘Mindfulness and Coping with Dysphoric Mood: Contrasts with Rumination and Distraction’, Cognitive Therapy and Research 29, 5, 2005, pp. 501-510.
46. C. Kuehner, S. Huffziger, and K. Liebsch, ‘Rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus: Effects on mood, dysfunctional attitudes and cortisol stress response’, Psychological Medicine 39, 2, 2009, pp. 219-228.
47. Shannon M. Erisman and Lizabeth Roemer, ‘A preliminary investigation of the effects of experimentally induced mindfulness on emotional responding to film clips’, Emotion 10, 1, 2010, pp. 72-82.
48. Tamara L. Giluk, ‘Mindfulness, Big Five personality, and affect: A meta-analysis’, Personality and Individual Differences 47, 8, 2009, pp. 805-811.
Reviews, Controversies, and Unresolved Issues
49. Ruth A. Baer, Erin Walsh, and Emily L. B. Lykins, ‘Assessment of mindfulness’, in Fabrizio Didonna (eds.) Clinical Handbook of Mindfulness, (Springer: New York, 2009), pp. 153 – 168.
50. Shauna L. Shapiro, Linda E. Carlson, John A. Astin, and Benedict Freedman, ‘Mechanisms of mindfulness’, Journal of Clinical Psychology 62, 3, 2006, pp. 373-386.
51. Claudia Bergomi, Wolfgang Tschacher, and Zeno Kupper, ‘The Assessment of Mindfulness with Self-Report Measures: Existing Scales and Open Issues’, Mindfulness 4, 3, 2013, pp. 191-202.
52. Paul Grossman, ‘On measuring mindfulness in psychosomatic and psychological research’, Journal of Psychosomatic Research 64, 4, 2008, pp. 405-408.
Volume III: Clinical Applications of Mindfulness and Acceptance: Specific Interventions for Psychiatric, Behavioural, and Physical Health Conditions
Part 5: Specific Mindfulness-based Interventions
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
53. Steven C. Hayes and Kelly G. Wilson, ‘Acceptance and commitment therapy: Altering the verbal support for experiential avoidance’, The Behavior Analyst 17, 2, 1994, pp. 289-303.
54. Patricia Bach and Steven C. Hayes, ‘The Use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to Prevent the Rehospitalization of Psychotic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 70, 5, 2002, pp. 1129-1139.
55. Joanna J. Arch, Georg H. Eifert, Carolyn Davies, Jennifer C. Plumb Vilardaga, Raphael D. Rose and Michelle G. Craske, ‘Randomized clinical trial of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for mixed anxiety disorders’, Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 80, 5, 2012, pp. 750.765.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
56. Marsha M. Linehan, ‘Dialectical behavioral therapy: A cognitive behavioral approach to parasuicide’, Journal of Personality disorders 1, 4, 1987, pp. 328-333.
57. Marsha M. Linehan, Hubert E. Armstrong, Alejandra Suarez, Douglas Allmon, and Heidi L. Heard, ‘Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Chronically Parasuicidal Borderline Patients’, Archives of General Psychiatry 48, 12, 1991, pp. 1060-1064.
58. Clive J. Robins, ‘Zen principles and mindfulness practice in dialectical behavior therapy’, Cognitive and behavioral practice 9, 1, 2002, pp. 50-57.
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
59. John D. Teasdale, Zindel V. Segal, J. Mark G. Williams, Valerie A. Ridgeway, Judith M. Soulsby, and Mark A. Lau, ‘Prevention of Relapse/Recurrence in Major Depression by Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 68, 4, 2000, pp. 615 – 623.
60. Zindel V. Segal, Peter Bieling, Trevor Young, Glenda MacQueen, Robert Cooke, Lawrence Martin, Richard Bloch, and Robert D. Levitan, ‘Antidepressant Monotherapy vs Sequential Pharmacotherapy and Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy, or Placebo, for Relapse Prophylaxis in Recurrent Depression’, Archives of General Psychiatry 67, 12, 2010, pp. 1256-1264.
61. Alberto Chiesa and Alessandro Serretti, ‘Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis’, Psychiatry Research 187, 3, 2011, pp. 441-453.
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)
62. John Kabat-Zinn, Ann O. Massion, Jean Kristeller, Linda Gay Peterson, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Lori Pbert, William R. Lenderking, and Saki F. Santorelli, ‘Effectiveness of a Meditation-Based Stress Reduction Program in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders’, American Journal of Psychiatry 149, 7, 1992, pp. 936–943.
63. James Carmody, Ruth A. Baer, Emily L. B. Lykins, and Nicholas Olendzki, ‘An Empirical Study of the Mechanisms of Mindfulness in a Mindfulness‐Based Stress Reduction Program’, Journal of clinical psychology 65, 6, 2009, pp. 613-626.
64. Paul Grossman, Ludger Niemann, Stefan Schmidt, and Harald Walach, ‘Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis’, Journal of Psychosomatic Research 57, 1, 2004, pp. 35-43.
Other Mindfulness-Based Interventions
65. Adrian Wells, Mary Welford, Paul King, Costas Papageorgiou, Julie Wisely, and Elizabeth Mendel, ‘A pilot randomized trial of metacognitive therapy vs applied relaxation in the treatment of adults with generalized anxiety disorder’, Behaviour Research and Therapy 48, 5, 2010, pp. 429-434.
66. Robert J. Kohlenberg and Mavis Tsai, ‘Functional analytic psychotherapy: A radical behavioral approach to treatment and integration’, Journal of Psychotherapy Integration 4, 3, 1994, pp. 175-201.
67. Paul Gilbert, ‘Introducing compassion-focused therapy’, Advances in psychiatric treatment 15, 3, 2009, pp. 199-208.
68. Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Jost Langhorst, and Gustav Dobos, ‘Yoga for depression: A systematic review and meta‐analysis’, Depression and Anxiety 30, 11, 2013, pp. 1068-1083.
69. Maura Paul-Labrador, Donna Polk, James H. Dwyer, Ivan Velasquez, Sanford Nidich, Maxwell Rainforth, Robert Schneider, and C. Noel Bairey Merz, ‘Effects of a randomized controlled trial of transcendental meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease’, Archives of Internal Medicine 166, 11, 2006, pp. 1218-1224.
70. Katie Witkiewitz, G. Alan Marlatt, and Denise Walker, ‘Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention For Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders’, Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 19, 3, 2005, pp. 221-228.
Part 6: Mindfulness-Based Interventions: Reviews, Controversies and Unresolved Issues
General Reviews and Meta-Analyses
71. Jon Kabat‐Zinn, ‘Mindfulness‐Based Interventions in Context: Past, Present, and Future’, Clinical psychology: Science and practice 10, 2, 2003, pp. 144-156.
72. Ruth A. Baer, ‘Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review’, Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 10, 2, 2003, pp. 125-143.
73. Steven C. Hayes, Matthieu Villatte, Michael Levin, and Mikaela Hildebrandt, ‘Open, Aware, and Active: Contextual Approaches as an Emerging Trend in the Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies’, Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 7, 2011, pp. 141-168.
74. Stefan G. Hofmann, Alice T. Sawyer, Ashley A. Witt, and Diana Oh, ‘The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Therapy on Anxiety and Depression: A Meta-Analytic Review’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 78, 2, 2010, pp. 169 – 183.
75. Bassam Khoury, Tania Lecomte, Brandon A. Gaudiano, and Karine Paquin, ‘Mindfulness interventions for psychosis: a meta-analysis’, Schizophrenia Research 150, 1, 2013, pp. 176-184.
76. Kate Cavanagh, Clara Strauss, Lewis Forder, and Fergal Jones, ‘Can mindfulness and acceptance be learnt by self-help? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mindfulness and acceptance-based self-help interventions’, Clinical Psychology Review 34, 2, 2014, pp. 118-129.
Controversies and Unresolved Issues
77. Stefan G. Hofmann and Gordon J. G. Asmundson, ‘Acceptance and Mindfulness-Based Therapy: New Wave or Old Hat?’, Clinical Psychology Review 28, 1, 2008, pp. 1-16.
78. David Brazier, ‘Mindfulness reconsidered’, European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling 15, 2, 2013, pp. 116-126.
79. Deane H. Shapiro, ‘Adverse effects of meditation: a preliminary investigation of long-term meditators’, International Journal of Psychosomatics 39, 104, 1992, pp. 62-67.
80. M. Kathleen B. Lustyk, Neharika Chawla, Roger S. Nolan, and G. Alan Marlatt, ‘Mindfulness meditation research: Issues of participant screening, safety procedures, and researcher training’, Advances in Mind-Body Medicine 24, 1, 2009, pp. 20-30.
81. Alberto Chiesa and Peter Malinowski, ‘Mindfulness‐based approaches: are they all the same?’, Journal of clinical psychology 67, 4, 2011, pp. 404-424.
82. Adam W. Hanley, Neil Abell, Debra S. Osborn, Alysia D. Roehrig, and Angela I. Canto, ‘Mind the Gaps: Are Conclusions About Mindfulness Entirely Conclusive?’, Journal of Counseling & Development 94, 1, 2016, pp. 103-113.
Volume IV: Nonclinical Applications of Mindfulness: Adaptations for School, Work, Sports, Health, and General Well-Being
Part 7: Educational, Occupational, and Professional Applications
Healthcare Professional Interventions
83. Shauna L. Shapiro, Gary E. Schwartz, and Ginny Bonner, ‘Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students’, Journal of behavioral medicine 21, 6, 1998, pp. 581-599.
84. Steven C. Hayes, Richard Bissett, Nancy Roget, Michele Padilla, Barbara S. Kohlenberg, Gary Fisher, Akihiko Masuda, Jacqueline Pistorelio, Alyssa K. Rye, Kristen Berry, Reville Niccolls, ‘The impact of acceptance and commitment training and multicultural training on the stigmatizing attitudes and professional burnout of substance abuse counselors’, Behavior therapy 35, 4, 2004, pp. 821-835.
85. Shauna L. Shapiro, John A. Astin, Scott R. Bishop and Matthew Cordova, ‘Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trial’, International Journal of Stress Management 12, 2, 2005, pp. 164–176.
86. Julie Anne Irving, Patricia L. Dobkin and Jeeseon Park, ‘Cultivating mindfulness in health care professionals: A review of empirical studies of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)’, Complementary therapies in clinical practice 15, 2, 2009, pp. 61-66.
87. Ellen J. Langer, ‘A mindful education’, Educational Psychologist 28, 1, 1993, pp. 43-50.
88. Rebecca S. Crane, Willem Kuyken, Richard P. Hastings, Neil Rothwell, and J. Mark G. Williams, ‘Training teachers to deliver mindfulness-based interventions: Learning from the UK experience’, Mindfulness 1, 2, 2010, pp. 74-86.
89. Filip Raes, James W. Griffith, Katleen Van der Gucht, and J. Mark G. Williams, ‘School-based prevention and reduction of depression in adolescents: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness group program’, Mindfulness 5, 5, 2014, pp. 477-486.
90. Joshua C. Felver, Erin Doerner, Jeremy Jones, Nicole C. Kaye, and Kenneth W. Merrell, ‘Mindfulness in school psychology: applications for intervention and professional practice’, Psychology in the Schools 50, 6, 2013, pp. 531-547.
91. Eric P. Trunnell and Jerry F. Braza, ‘Mindfulness in the workplace’, Journal of Health Education 26, 5, 1995, pp. 285-291.
92. Paul E. Flaxman and Frank W. Bond, ‘A randomised worksite comparison of acceptance and commitment therapy and stress inoculation training’, Behaviour research and therapy 48, 8, 2010, pp. 816-820.
93. Mario Virgili, ‘Mindfulness-based interventions reduce psychological distress in working adults: a meta-analysis of intervention studies,’ Mindfulness 6, 2, 2015, pp. 326-337.
94. Douglas C. Johnson, Nathaniel J. Thom, Elizabeth A. Stanley, Lori Haase, Alan N. Simmons, Pei-an B. Shih, Wesley K. Thompson, Eric G. Potterat, Thomas R. Minor, and Martin P. Paulus, ‘Modifying resilience mechanisms in at-risk individuals: a controlled study of mindfulness training in Marines preparing for deployment’, American Journal of Psychiatry 171, 8, 2014, pp. 844-853.
95. Tammy D. Allen, Lillian T. Eby, Kate M. Conley, Rachel L. Williamson, Victor S. Mancini, and Melissa E. Mitchell, ‘What Do We Really Know About the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Training in the Workplace?’, Industrial and Organizational Psychology 8, 4, 2015, pp. 652-661.
96. Cian Aherne, Aidan P. Moran, and Chris Lonsdale, ‘The effect of mindfulness training on athletes' flow: An initial investigation’, Sport Psychologist 25, 2, 2011, pp. 177-189.
97. Keith A. Kaufman, Carol R. Glass, and Diane B. Arnkoff, ‘Evaluation of Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE): A new approach to promote flow in athletes’, Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 25, 4, 2009, pp. 334-356.
98. Frank L. Gardner and Zella E. Moore, ‘Mindfulness and acceptance models in sport psychology: A decade of basic and applied scientific advancements’, Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne 53, 4, 2012, pp. 309-318.
99. Daniel Birrer, Philipp Röthlin, and Gareth Morgan, ‘Mindfulness to enhance athletic performance: Theoretical considerations and possible impact mechanisms’, Mindfulness 3, 3, 2012, pp. 235-246.
Part 8: Fostering Health and Psychological Well-Being
100. Daniel J. Goleman and Gary E. Schwartz, ‘Meditation as an intervention in stress reactivity’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 44, 3, 1976, pp. 456-466.
101. Christina Shennan, Sheila Payne, and Deborah Fenlon, ‘What is the evidence for the use of mindfulness‐based interventions in cancer care? A review’, Psycho‐Oncology 20, 7, 2011, pp. 681-697.
102. Blaine Ditto, Marie Eclache, and Natalie Goldman, ‘Short-term autonomic and cardiovascular effects of mindfulness body scan meditation’, Annals of Behavioral Medicine 32, 3, 2006, pp. 227-234.
103. Kimberly C. Roberts and Sharon Danoff-Burg, ‘Mindfulness and health behaviors: is paying attention good for you?’, Journal of American college health 59, 3, 2010, pp. 165-173.
104. Paul Grossman, Ludger Niemann, Stefan Schmidt and Harald Walach, ‘Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits: A meta-analysis’, Journal of psychosomatic research 57, 1, 2004, pp. 35-43.
Positive Psychology and General Well-Being
105. B. Alan Wallace and Shauna L. Shapiro, ‘Mental balance and well-being: building bridges between Buddhism and Western psychology’, American Psychologist 61, 7, 2006, pp. 690-710.
106. Joseph Ciarrochi, Todd B. Kashdan, Peter Leeson, Patrick Heaven, and Carlie Jordan, ‘On being aware and accepting: A one-year longitudinal study into adolescent well-being,’ Journal of Adolescence 34, 4, 2011, pp. 695-703.
107. Shauna L. Shapiro, Gary E. R. Schwartz and Craig Santerre, ‘Meditation and positive psychology’, in C. R. Snyder and Shane J. Lopez (eds.) Handbook of Positive Psychology, (New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 632 – 645.
108. Adam Moore and Peter Malinowski, ‘Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility’, Consciousness and cognition 18, 1, 2009, pp. 176-186.
109. Barbara L. Fredrickson, Michael A. Cohn, Kimberly A. Coffey, Jolynn Pek, and Sandra M. Finkel, ‘Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources’, Journal of personality and social psychology 95, 5, 2008, pp. 1045.
110. Kristin D. Neff and Katie A. Dahm, ‘Self-compassion: What it is, what it does, and how it relates to mindfulness’, in B. D. Ostafin et al (eds.) Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation, (Springer, New York, 2015), pp. 121 – 137.
Brandon Gaudiano, Ph.D. is Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University. He also is a clinical psychologist in the Psychosocial Research Program at Butler Hospital, where his work focuses on developing and testing novel psychological therapies, particularly mindfulness-based interventions. Dr. Gaudiano has published over 100 scientific articles, chapters, editorials, and other works in psychology and psychiatry. Currently, he is the Associate Editor of the scientific journal, Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.