Mineral Springs Resorts in Global Perspective Spa Histories
Spa resorts were a favoured destination for affluent seekers after health and comfortable leisure in opulent surroundings from the seventeenth to the twentieth century, although in the railway age they began to suffer from competition from new fashions in leisure and tourism, especially the seaside holiday. During their heyday the leading spa resorts became hotbeds of political and diplomatic intrigue, and gathering-points for high society. As such, they also became important businesses, and distinctive, carefully-managed urban environments. ‘Taking the waters’ at a mineral springs resort fell into eclipse over much of the Western world in the mid-twentieth century, only to revive in more diffuse guise as ‘health and wellness tourism’ in the new millennium.
This book examines an important body of practices and experiences from the perspectives of health, pleasure, conspicuous consumption and display, urban governance, culture and politics across a quarter of a millennium, drawing its examples not only from the British Isles, France, Spain and Central Europe, but also from the United States and Australia. An international team of distinguished historians puts this neglected theme back on the historical map, at a time when spas and their treatments have never been so popular and visible in contemporary society.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Tourism History.
1. Introduction: Health, sociability, politics and culture: spas in history, spas and history John K. Walton, IKERBASQUE, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
2. Scarborough in the 1730s: spa, sea and sex Allan Brodie, English Heritage
3. Town or country? British spas and the urban/ rural interface Peter Borsay, Department of History and Welsh History, University of Aberystwyth, Wales
4. Visitors and residents: the dynamics of charity in eighteenth-century Bath Anne Borsay, Department of Philosophy, History and Law, University of Swansea, Wales
5. A fading movement: hydrotherapy at the Scottish Hydros, 1840-1939 Alastair Durie, Department of History, University of Stirling, Scotland
6. The value of water: the origins and expansion of thermal tourism in Spain Luis Alonso-Álvarez, Department of Applied Economics, University of La Coruña, Spain
7. Moral economies and commercial imperatives: food, diets and spas in Central Europe, 1800-1914 Jill Steward, Visiting Fellow in Cultural History, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England
8. Spas, steamships and sardines: Edwardian package tourism and the marketing of Galician regionalism Kirsty Hooper, Reader in Hispanic Studies, University of Warwick, England
9. Reinventions of a spa town: the unique case of Vichy Bertram Gordon, Department of History, Mills College, California, U.S.A.
10. Saratoga Springs: from genteel spa to Disneyfied family resort Gary Cross, Distinguished Professor of History, Pennsylvania State University, U.S.A.
11. From the majestic to the mundane: democracy, sophistication and history among the mineral spas of Australia Richard White, Department of History, University of Sydney, Australia