Mixing and Unmixing Languages uses the politics and practices of language to understand social hierarchies and social change in a post-conflict and post-socialist context.
The book focuses on Roma in Prizren, Kosovo, where the author conducted long-term ethnographic fieldwork, using language learning as a central method. Shifts in language practices among this highly multilingual group have reflected the demise of Yugoslav socialism, the rise of ethno-nationalist politics and conflict, and the post-war reversal of power relations in Kosovo. Roma in Prizren nostalgically narrate a past of cosmopolitanism and employment in contrast to the present. Their position today is complex: while they stress their relative integration, this position is fragile in the face of nationalist politics and imported neoliberal economic policies. Within this context, Roma NGO workers have found an economic niche working on projects to protect multiculturalism and minorities, funded by international aid agencies, centred on Romani language. This book discusses the historical trajectory and current configurations of a Romani organisation in the town, the standardisation of Romani and the hierarchical organisation of linguistic forms and language learning, the self-representation of Roma and the ‘gypsy’ image through Romani-language drama, and attitudes to purism, mixing and cosmopolitanism.
Mixing and Unmixing Languages is suitable for academics and students in the areas of linguistic anthropology and linguistic ethnography, Romani studies, South-East European studies and sociolinguistics.
Table of Contents
Notes on Orthographies
Part 1: Roma, Prizren & Language
1 Terzimahalla, Durmish Aslano and Me
2 Durmish Aslano in Prizren: From Partizan to NGO
3 Intangible Culture And Tangible Employment After Socialism
Part 2: Purity, Mixture and Representation
4 O Romano Teatro and Gypsy Theatricality
5 Standardisation: Learning Linguistics in the Bath
6 Before the War: A Nostalgic Speech Genre
7 Between two fires? Dissonance, diglossia, disorientation
Amelia Abercrombie has recently worked as a postdoctoral research associate looking at language learning among marginalised migrants in Manchester, UK. She completed a PhD in the department of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester, UK, in 2017. Before that she was at University College London, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, UK, completing MRes East European Studies in 2011, and BA Serbian and Croatian Studies in 2008. She has also worked as a support worker for mental health and learning disabilities.